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Introduction SAP R/3 – MM

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction SAP R/3 – MM"— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction SAP R/3 – MM
Dr. Djamal Ziani King Saud University

2 ERP-Software: SAP R/3 Sales and Financial Distribution Accounting
Material Management Controlling The SAP R/3 is mainly structured in modules: The top level are functional modules. In this slide green modules belong to Logistics. These are: SD (Sales and Distribution), MM (Material Management), PP (Production Planning and Controlling), QA (Quality Assurance), PM (Plant Maintenance). The accounting modules are red: FI (Financial Accounting), CO (Controlling, Cost Accounting), AM (Asset Management), PS (Project System). Human Resource Management is the yellow module. OC means office communication like ing. IS stands for Industry Solutions. These are branch-specific packages (e.g. automotive, retailing, oil industry). Currently, HR is the only module which is separated from the other moduls

3 Components of Materials Management
ECC 6.0 Components of Materials Management January 2008 Purchasing (MM-PUR)  The R/3 System consists of a number of components that are completely integrated with one another. This integration allows the various departments and units of an enterprise to share and maintain the same information. Purpose Purchasing is a component of Materials Management (MM). The Materials Management (MM) module is fully integrated with the other modules of the SAP System. It supports all the phases of materials management: materials planning and control, purchasing, goods receiving, inventory management, and invoice verification. External procurement of materials and services The tasks of the MM Purchasing component are as follows: Determination of possible sources of supply for a requirement identified by the materials planning and control system or arising directly within a user department Good communication between all participants in the procurement process is necessary for Purchasing to function smoothly. Monitoring of deliveries from and payments to vendors Balance Sheet Valuation (MM-IM-VP) MM - Material Price Change (MM-IV-MP) Valuation Actual Costing/Material Ledger (CO-PC-ACT) Inventory Management and Physical Inventory (MM-IM)  This component deals with the following tasks: Management of material stocks on a quantity and value basis Carrying out the Physical Inventory Planning, Entry, and Documentation of all Goods Movements Features Material Master (LO-MD-MM)  The material master contains information on all the materials that a company procures or produces, stores, and sells. It is the company's central source for retrieving material-specific data. This information is stored in individual material master records. In consumption-based planning, the following MRP procedures are available: Use MRP Procedures in Consumption-Based Planning  Time-phased materials planning Forecast-based planning Reorder point procedure Logistics Invoice Verification (MM-IV-LIV)  Logistics Invoice Verification is a part of Materials Management (MM). It is situated at the end of the logistics supply chain that includes Purchasing, Inventory Management, and Invoice Verification. It is in Logistics Invoice Verification that Incoming Invoices are verified in terms of their content, prices and arithmetic. When the invoice is posted, the invoice data is saved in the system. The system updates the data saved in the invoice documents in Materials Management and Financial Accounting. Product Catalog A number of media can be used as vehicles for presentations, including: CD-ROM Print media Online services (such as internet, T-Online, CompuServe, AOL) The Product Catalog functionality comprises a programming interface (Business API) for accessing the data and integrated maintenance of product catalog-related data. This data comprises: Information kiosks at the point of purchase Texts The materials and prices in the product catalog The layout of the product catalog MM External Services Management provides a basic process for the procurement of externally performed services. This basic process comprises the following functionality: Service Master Multi-media objects (graphics, sound documents, video clips etc.). Official customs brokers are licensed by the customs service to assist you with import and export transactions. They have the responsibility to ensure that all foreign trade customs procedures are followed completely and comply to legal regulations. They also ensure that the duties collected from your company are turned over to the government when they become due. Foreign Trade Although the services of a customs broker replace the need for your company to handle the necessary tasks associated with foreign trade, they can be very costly. SAP's FT system incorporates all of the necessary checks and balances necessary to ensure that your import and export transactions are handled lawfully and that the duties owed to the customs authorities are calculated instantly and accurately. © SAP AG and The Rushmore Group, LLC 2008

4 ECC 6.0 January 2008 Organizational Data A hierarchy in which the organizational units in an enterprise are arranged according to tasks and functions Are static data and are rarely changed The definition of organization units is a fundamental step, it is a critical factor in how the company will be structured Master data does not change very often Org data – should not change Transaction data (application data) – changes every transaction If you setup organizational data and wish to change it, it very well may be more work than the initial setup. © SAP AG and The Rushmore Group, LLC 2008

5 Organizational Structures

6 Organizational Structures
ECC 6.0 January 2008 Organizational Structures Client Company Plant Valuation Area Storage Locations Purchasing Organizations Purchasing Groups There are five organizational structures that we will define for our material management Plant Valuation area Storage locations Purchasing organizations Purchasing groups © SAP AG and The Rushmore Group, LLC 2008

7 Organizational Structures: Client
The client is a unit within an SAP R/3 system that is self-contained both in legal and organizational terms and in terms of data, with separate master records and an independent set of tables. From a business viewpoint, the client represents a corporate group, for example. Client: 3 numerical digits

8 Organizational Structures: Company & Company code
The company code is the smallest organizational unit of external accounting for which a complete, self-contained bookkeeping system can be replicated. A company code represents an independent unit producing its own balance sheet, for example, a company within a corporate group (client). Company code = 4 characters

9 Organizational Structures: Plant
ECC 6.0 January 2008 Organizational Structures: Plant Lowest valuation area Organizational level where Material Requirements (MRP) runs Generally used to describe a production site, a distribution center or centralized warehouse May be a physical or logical unit Plant is a physical or logical location It may be a warehouse: PHYSICAL Vendor are in warehouse (Vendor managed inventory) Customer site (consigned inventory): LOGICAL Can do multiple plants within the same physical structure We value material at the plant level. Planning done at the plant not organizational level The plant is an operating area or branch within a company. The plant is embedded in the organizational structure as follows: The plant is assigned to a single company code. A company code can have several plants. Several storage locations in which material stocks are managed can belong to a plant. A single business area is assigned to a plant and to a division. A plant can be assigned to several combinations of sales organization and distribution channel. A plant can have several shipping points. A shipping point can be assigned to several plants. A plant can be defined as a maintenance planning plant. A plant has the following attributes: A plant has an address. A plant has a language. A plant belongs to a country. A plant has its own material master data. You can maintain data at plant level for the following views on a material master record in particular: MRP, Purchasing, Storage, Work scheduling, Production resources/tools, Forecasting, Quality management, Sales, Costing. The plant plays an important role in the following areas: material valuation If the valuation level is the plant, the material stocks are valuated at plant level. If the valuation level is the plant, you can define the material prices for each plant. Each plant can have its own account determination. inventory management The material stocks are managed within a plant. MRP Material requirements are planned for each plant. Each plant has its own MRP data. Analyses for materials planning can be made across plants. production costing In costing, valuation prices are defined only within a plant. plant maintenance If a plant performs plant maintenance planning tasks, it is defined as a maintenance planning plant. A maintenance planning plant can also carry out planning tasks for other plants (maintenance plants). © SAP AG and The Rushmore Group, LLC 2008

10 Organizational Structures: Valuation Area
ECC 6.0 January 2008 Organizational Structures: Valuation Area The valuation area determines at which level a material is valuated (inventory value is established) SAP R/3 allows valuation at the company code or plant level, but recommends valuation area be set at the plant level. Means each plant can have its own material prices and account determination We are going to create at the plant level. System defaults to plant level. Define valuation level You define the valuation level by specifying the level at which material stocks are valuated. You can valuate material stocks at the following levels: Plant level Valuation must be at this level in the following cases: If you want to use the application component Production Planning (PP) or Costing Company code level The decision you make is valid for the whole client. You are recommended setting material valuation at plant level. © SAP AG and The Rushmore Group, LLC 2008

11 Organizational Structures: Storage Location
ECC 6.0 January 2008 Organizational Structures: Storage Location Subdivision of a plant Where materials are managed (inventory management) Raw Materials Maintenance, Repair, and Other (MRO) Finished Product May be a physical or logical unit Maintain storage location A storage location is the place where stock is physically kept within a plant. A storage location has the following attributes: There may be one or more storage locations within a plant. A storage location has a description and at least one address. It is possible to store material data specific to a storage location. Stocks are managed only on a quantity basis and not on a value basis at storage location level. Physical inventories are carried out at storage location level. A storage location can be assigned to a warehouse number in the Warehouse Management System . You can assign more than one storage location to the same warehouse number within a plant. Storage locations are always created for a plant. Could be inventory management Production floor Quality Engineering bin © SAP AG and The Rushmore Group, LLC 2008

12 Organizational Structures: Purchasing Organizations
An organizational unit responsible for procuring materials or services for one or more plants and for negotiating general conditions of purchase with vendors. The purchasing organization assumes legal responsibility for all external purchase transactions.

13 Purchasing organization
material group purchasing organization purchasing group MG 0, 3 purchasing group MG 1, 4 here you can see how the POrg, the plants and PG‘s are linked up  responsible, assigned to purchasing group MG 2, 5 purchasing group MG 6 plant purchasing group MG 7, 8, 9

14 Organizational Structures: Purchasing Organization Groups
The purchasing organization is further subdivided into purchasing groups (buyer groups), which are responsible for day-to-day buying activities. A purchasing group can also act for several purchasing organizations.

15 Inventory Management with a Warehouse Management System
client 0001 – ABC inc. company code 0001 – Jones inc. 0002 – Model Ltd. purchasing organization 0001 0002 0003 MM distrib.- center plant 0001 0002 0003 0004 0001 factory storage location 0001 0002 0003 0004 Here you can see an overview of the hierarchical structure including the objects of the warehouse management IDES = exemplary company maintained in the SAP system different Storage locations are assigned to a warehouse number warehouse number 001 WM storage type 001 002 storage bin (physical stock)

16 The Module MM – Main Functions
I will talk about the material master later before you order the material from a vendor you have to plan the quantites you need in each period next, the ... can be mentioned  user department ... after you have received the goods, the vendor will make out an invoice and send it to you. Before paying the invoice has to be verified  compare with PO, delivery notes etc.

17 MM – interdependencies to other modules
Logistik PP production planning MM material master purchasing requirements plan. inventory mgmt. invoice verification SD sales and distrib. QM quality management PM plant maintenance talking of the inter-depENdencies of MM one can say that all of the other modules regularly access data maintained and updated in the module MM like the material master for example, which is relevant for prod. planning and sales & distrib. also: requirements planning.... FI financial acc. CO controlling AM fixed assets mgmt.

18 Basic Data Master records - include information about
vendors material and services to be procured the relation between 1. and 2. (purchasing info record) e.g. prices / terms and conditions bills of material for production planning purchasing sales and distribution withdrawal of Material There are two types of basic data in the module MM

19 Structure of the Vendor Master Record
sections utilization area of validity General data name address control data client wide purchasing terms and cond. partner functions currency request for quotation quotation processing purch. order handling for each purchasing organization different sections accounting data bank account acc. maintenance payment invoice entry invoice verification payment handling client wide or for each company code

20 Create a Vendor Creating Your Own Vendor Master Record  Usage We recommend that you create your own vendor master record for this scenario. If, however, you prefer to use the reference vendor instead, it could be that the order currency has already been changed and this IDES scenario may no longer work. You create a German vendor in company code 1000, IDES AG Germany, to create purchase orders and invoices denominated in euros.

21 Create a Vendor Procedure Call up the transaction as follows:
Menu Path Logistics ® Materials Management ® Purchasing ® Master Data ® Vendor ® Central ® Create Transaction Code XK01

22 Create a vendor . On the Create Vendor: Initial Screen, enter the following data: Field Data Vendor Your own vendor (choose a number between 1000 and 1999) Company code 1000 Purch. organization Account group LIEF Reference vendor 1080 Reference company code Reference purchasing organization

23 Create a Vendor On the Create Vendor: Address screen, enter the following data: Field Data Description Any Search term Any, for example "euro" Street/House number Postal code/City 5-figure, numerical (any) Country DE Language

24 Create a Vendor Choose until you reach the Create Vendor: Accounting and make sure that appears in the Reconciliation Account field. Choose until the Create Vendor: Purchasing Data screen appears. On the Create Vendor: Purchasing Data screen, check that the order currency is EUR. Choose until the Create Vendor: Partner Functions screen appears. Choose until the Create Vendor: Partner Functions screen appears. Choose until the Create Vendor: Partner Functions screen appears.

25 Create a Vendor

26 Create a Vendor

27 Create a Vendor

28 Views on the Material Master Record
each view is maintained by a certain user department of the firm accounting: valuation- und calculation-specific information requirements planning: information about material requirements planning (e. g. reorder point) purchasing: e. g. responsible purchasing group, order unit engineering: technical information storage: information about warehousing, material movements, ... forecast: information about the forecasting of the material requirements S & D: informationen about sales orders and price determination

29 Demo: Create Material Master

30 Demo: Create Material Master
Select the views: Basic data 1, Purchasing, Purchase Order text, Gl. Plant Data/Storage 1, Accounting 1

31 Demo: Create Material Master

32 Demo: Create Material Master

33 Demo: Create Material Master

34 Demo: Create Material Master

35 Demo: Create Material Master

36 Demo: Create Material Master

37 purchasing info record
vendor data material data info record prices terms & cond. PO statistics tolerance levels date quotation outline agreement so far: considered information about material vendors now: talk about information relating to the combination ERM order

38 Purchasing Process MM ? = ? requirem. planning invoice verification
PO invoice ? = requirem. planning X invoice verification determination: requirements X vendor outline agreem. MM determination: source of supply goods received & inventory mgmt. vendor 2 vendor 1 ? the process has the following main steps: PO vendor selection PO PO PO monitoring purchase order processing

39 Create Purchase Order (PO)
vendor 2 purch. order 1 vendor known terms & cond. purch. order 2 source list outline agrement vendor not known info record vendor 3 possibilities of ordering material vendor 2 purch. order 3 purch. req. assigned purchase requisition exists (from user department)

40 Purchasing Process Create a requisition First release of requisition
Create RFQ (Request for Quotation) with reference to requisition Create PO (Purchase Order) with reference to RFQ Department receives material ordered (GR) Department pays invoice (MIRO).

41 Purchase Requisition Document generated by a user department or storeroom-personnel to notify the purchasing department of items it needs to order, their quantity, and the timeframe. It may also contain the authorization to proceed with the purchase. Also called purchase request or requisition.

42 Request for Quotation Is a standard business process whose purpose is to invite suppliers into a bidding process to bid on specific products or services. RFQ generally means the same thing as IFB (Invitation For Bid)

43 Purchase Order Buyer-generated document that authorizes a purchase transaction. It sets forth the descriptions, quantities, prices, discounts, payment terms, date of performance or shipment, other associated terms and conditions, and identifies a specific seller.

44 Create Purchase Requisition

45 Create Purchase Requisition

46 Create Purchase Requisition
In the item, enter your material, Plant= 1000, QT = 100

47 Create Purchase Requisition
Save your Purchase requisition Take note of Purchase requisition number

48 Demo: Create Purchase Order

49 Demo: Create Purchase Order
Open document overview: Click on document overview button Choose “Selection variant list” icon Then select “My purchase requisition”, you will get your purchase requisition listed Click on “adopt” icon, your purchase requisition will be copied to the purchase order (or you can drag and drop it into the shopping cart)

50 Demo: Create Purchase Order

51 Demo: Create Purchase Order
Enter your vendor, and price 30 euro and save

52 Posting an Order Entry (Goods Receipt)
Logistics MM PP production planning SD sales and distrib. purchasing req. planning goods receipt inventory mgmt. goods issue. transfer posting QM quality management PM plant maintenance inventory controlling invoice verification FI financial acc. CO controlling AM fixed assets mgmt.

53 Demo: Posting Order Entry (Goods Received)
1. Use T_code : MIGO 2. Select Goods Receipt 3. Select Purchase Order 4. Enter PO number for goods to be received. 5. Hit "Enter"

54 Demo: Posting Order Entry (Goods Received)
6. Enter Document date & posting date 7. Enter Header text (comment) if necessary. 8. Close detail data.

55 Demo: Posting Order Entry (Goods Received)
9. Notice that movement data is "101" 10. If you only received first item, then Check the "OK" box for first line item.therefore, the second item need not be processed

56 Demo: Posting Order Entry (Goods Received)
11. If you only received 3 pcs out of 10 pcs of item one & 2 pcs out of 10 pcs of item two, then Check the "OK" box for both line item 12. Input actual quantity (3 & 2 pcs ). 13. Hit "Enter"

57 Demo: Posting Order Entry (Goods Received)
14. Click "Check" button to find out if there is any error. 15. Check the "status" column . . Green means OK . Yellow means Warning . Red means error

58 Invoice Verification input information invoice verification output
actions: enter invoice verify invoice post invoice update relevant data (re-edit invoice) orders goods receipt master data: material vendors accounts financial accounting asset management terms & cond. cost accounting

59 Create Invoice Create Invoice using Tcode MIRO
Enter the Required details in all Tabs Enter the Purchase order no. and click on Enter, to display the material details.

60 Create Invoice (contd..)
Click the check box, to calculate the Tax

61 Create Invoice (contd..)
Enter the Amount and click on save

62 Create Invoice (contd..)
Invoice is created

63 Demo: Invoice Verification
Using the tcode: MIRO"

64 Demo: Invoice Verification

65 Demo: Invoice Verification
net amount for positions

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