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SAP Audit Issues David Terpening, New York Dept. of Revenue Walter J. Cochara, CAS State of California-Board of Equalization Slide 1.

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Presentation on theme: "SAP Audit Issues David Terpening, New York Dept. of Revenue Walter J. Cochara, CAS State of California-Board of Equalization Slide 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 SAP Audit Issues David Terpening, New York Dept. of Revenue Walter J. Cochara, CAS State of California-Board of Equalization Slide 1

2 Provide participants with an overview of the necessary aspects needed to understand general SAP concepts, and obtain usable data extractions from SAP. Objective

3 What is SAP? In German... Systeme, Anwendungen, Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung In English... Systems, Applications & Products in Data Processing Slide 3

4 SAP and ERP Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) An information system designed to integrate and automate the business functions of medium and large companies Purchasing Manufacturing Distribution Personnel Financials Slide 4

5 ERP Major Players  SAP  Oracle / Peoplesoft  J.D. Edwards  SSA (BAAN/Marcam)  JBA  Lawson / Intentia  QAD

6 Learn the Lingo DOC Type DOC Number Goods Issue (GI) Goods Receipt GR) GRIR Account Intermediate Document (Idoc) Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Assets Under Construction (AUC)

7 Learn the Lingo (cont’d) Stores Inventory Advanced Business Application Program (ABAP) Audit Information System (AIS)

8 SAP R/3 Overview  System Architecture  Business Process Overview  System Modules  Standard Tables  Document Structure  ABAP Functionality  Audit Information System (AIS) Overview

9 SAP Architecture Legacy Separate ledger for A/P transactions Differentiate transactions by GL Account One entry contains all relevant information SAP All transactions are included in one ledger Differentiate transactions by document type Relevant information recorded in multiple documents VS

10 SAP Architecture (cont’d) The basic structure of SAP is fundamentally different from that of a legacy system. SAP Accounts Receivable Accounts Payable Inventory General Ledger Legacy Sales Materials Mgmt Inventory Finance Asset Mgmt Purchasing General Ledger

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12 SAP Advantages  One central database  Real time processing  Allows integration of legacy systems  Document Balancing  Manages Work flow Slide 12

13 SAP Disadvantages  Data integrity must be maintained by all users  Numerous tables and Documents  GRIR must be reconciled  Audit trails can be disappear in data extractions Slide 13

14 SAP Business Processes Know that over 1,200 business processes can be defined by SAP! Highly flexible Customized to fit Company Can Choose implementation of -Modules -Business processes -Import of Legacy/External Data

15 SAP Business Processes …Therefore every SAP installation is different! Have clear understanding of business Processes that are effected by SAP Document Types Used Data Integrity (Is it SAP created?) Data Reconciliation (Tolerances)

16 SAP R/3 Modules  CO – Controlling -Plants, Chart of Accounts, Customer/Vendor Masters  FI - Financial Accounting -Financials, G/L, A/P, A/R  SD - Sales and Distribution (Orders, Invoicing,EDI -Orders, Invoicing, EDI  AM - Asset Management -AUC account from A/P transactions  MM - Materials Management -Procurement for Production and Consumption  PS - Project System (Construction Contractors) Slide 16

17 SAP Tables-General  Master Tables Chart of Accounts Customers Vendors Employee  Transactional data Sale Invoices (A/R) Purchases (A/P) Inventory Movements (MM) Assets (AM) Slide 17

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21 SAP Tables-Examples  Sales Tables Customer Master (KNA1) Sales Document Header (VBAK) Sales Document Line Items (VBAK) Billing Header Data (VBRK) Billing Line Items (VBRP)  A/P Tables Vendor Master (LFB1 and LFA1) PO Order Info (EKKO and EKPO) Goods Receipt Line Items (EKBE) Payables G/L Line Items (BKPF and BSEG) Slide 21

22 Audit Challenge Challenges in SAP that don’t exist in other systems! To overcome these challenges  Understand SAP document types  Specific Number Ranges apply to each  Specific G/L Accounts mapped to each Doc Type AP Doc Types KA-KZ (vary by company) KI-Interface (Legacy/P-Cards) KN and/or RN-Non PO (aka Net Invoice) KR and/or RE-PO issued

23 Audit Challenge (cont’d) Sales Doc Types SA-SZ* S1-S9* * Will vary by Sales Channel / Revenue Source Other Document Types (MM, Stores Inventory) WA-Goods Issue WE-Goods Receipt Used for Prepaid Expense Inventory Tracking Goods receipt document contains link to Vendor and A/P transaction info!

24 R/3 Financials (Financial Accounting -FI Module)  General Ledger Central pool of financial data Real-time update of subledgers and GL  Special purpose Ledger User created combinations of entered data Generate data summaries for planning, allocation, distribution Cost center accounting

25 R/3 Financials (Financial Accounting -FI Module) Accounts Receivable and Payable - Subledgers Integrates with GL Sales and Distribution Materials Management. Vendor and Customer information Payment automation (EFT and check processing)

26 R/3 Financials (Financial Accounting -FI Module) Asset Accounting Subledger - (FI-AA) Captures asset related transactions Country-specific depreciation charts Compliance with local legal requirements Slide 26

27 R/3 Financials (Financial Accounting -FI Module) Asset Accounting Subledger - (FI-AA) Follows asset life cycle requisition to retirement integration with Plant Maintenance component to manage -machinery and equipment -leased assets and assets under construction Provides for interactive reporting Slide 27

28 Lessons Learned  PO Purchases vs. Non PO  GRIR Transactions  Assets under Construction  Multi Location Purchases  MM Docs (Stores Accounts)  P-cards  EDI  ERS (Evaluated Receipt Settlement)

29 Tax is estimated on the Purchase Order Tax is expensed at Goods Receipt Tax is paid or accrued at Invoice Receipt Requisition Purchase Order Tax Calculation Goods Receipt (optional) Invoice Receipt Payment to Vendor Tax Calculation Purchase Order Invoices

30 Purchase Order Invoice Example 1 Use Tax Accrued (No tax on vendor invoice) Goods Receipt Supplies $ GR/IR Clearing ($10.83) Invoice Receipt GR/IR Clearing $ Vendor ABC Company ($10.00) Use Tax Accrual ($.63) Use Tax Accrual ($.10)

31 Purchase Order Invoice Example 2 Tax Paid to Vendor (Amounts include estimated tax) Goods Receipt Supplies $ GR/IR Clearing ($10.83) Invoice Receipt GR/IR Clearing $ Vendor ABC Company ($10.83)

32 Purchase Order Invoice Example 3 Price Variance Goods Receipt Supplies $ GR/IR Clearing $10.83) Invoice Receipt GR/IR Clearing $ Vendor ABC Company ($11.00) Use Tax Accrual ($.69) Use Tax Accrual ($.11) Price Variance $1.08

33 Non-Purchase Order Invoice Tax is paid or accrued at Invoice Receipt Invoice Receipt Payment to Vendor Tax Calculation Tax Paid to Vendor (Amounts include estimated tax) Invoice Supplies $ Vendor ABC Company ($10.83)

34 Non-Purchase Order Invoice Example 2 Use Tax Accrued (No tax on vendor invoice Invoice Supplies $ Vendor ABC Company ($10.00) Use Tax Accrual ($.63) Use Tax Accrual ($.10)

35 ABAP/4  4 GL ABAP  ABAP Repository Information system  Data Modeler  ABAP Dictionary  Screen Painter/Menu Painter  Program Editor  Debugger  Computer Aided test tool  Performance Monitor  Function Library  Business Objects  Team Development  Standardized Interfaces  Report Builder

36 Business Audit  Balance Sheet  P&L  Accounts  Vouchers  SD,FI, MM, PP, HR, CO Slide 36

37 Methods for Data Evaluation  ABAP (standard reports)  Query (individual inquires)  All downloadable Unconverted text Excel Word (Rich Text) HTML Print Files Slide 37

38 A.I.S. Audit Information System  System Audit System functions  Business Audit Accounts Financial Statements Assets Liabilities P & L Slide 38

39 A.I.S. Audit Information System  Focus on GL (FI Module - Business Audit) Complete record of business transactions Individual transactions accessible any time Balance sheet/profit and loss data International capability Customizable views of data Auditor’s Environment Slide 39

40 ACL SAP CSP Master Document Query to ACL (contains 76 fields (record length 577) BKPF = Header info BSEG = Detail info Table_Field Description BKPF_BUKRSCompany code BKPF_BLARTDocument type BKPF_MONATFiscal Period BSEG_SAKNRG/L account number BSEG_BUXEILine item number BSEG_KOSTLCost center BSEG_SGTXTItem text Slide 40

41 ACL SAP CSP  Complementary Service Partner  SAP/AIS Conversion Utility Automatic ACL Document population and file mapping Slide 41

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43 Other AIS Audit Software Tools IDEA BPA Baetge External Analysis Tools Balance Sheet Evaluation Slide 43

44 Web Hot Links Slide 44 *membership fee may be required      

45 Training  ACL Services  MIS Institute  SAP Slide 45

46 A.I.S Limitations  Needs to be turned on  Standard Views/Reports  Limited Online-Transaction Inquiry  Can’t access Historical Data  Potential large volume of transactions  Developed primarily for financial audit Slide 46

47 Alternatives  DART (Data Retention Tool) IRS RevProc Historical Data Processor intensive Tie back checks to GL for control Proprietary file View of DART file for extract Slide 47

48 Bolt-On Products  Vertex & Taxware  Sales and Use Tax calculation engines based on expanded jurisdictional coding both maintain an audit trail database Slide 48

49 Audit Recommendations  Know the lingo  Suggest who should be at EDP Conference -Tax Manager -Key MIS personnel -ABAP programmer(s)  EDP Auditor Training -SAP Overview -AIS -ABAP/4 -Taxware -Vertex Slide 49

50 Slide 50 Reading Material The Sap R/3 Handbook Jose Antonio Hernandez Format: Paperback, 1st ed., 969pp. ISBN: Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The Pub. Date: January 1998 $ Minute Guide to SAP R/3 Simon Sharpe Deanna Wright Format: Paperback, 192pp. ISBN: Publisher: Que Pub. Date: March 1997 $14.99

51 Slide 51 Reading Material (cont’d) SAP R/3 Business Blueprint Thomas Curran Gerhard Keller Andrew Ladd Format: Paperback, 1st ed., 300pp. ISBN: Publisher: Prentice Hall Pub. Date: August 1997 $49.99 Special Edition Using Sap R/3) Jonathan Blain Format: Hardcover, 3rd ed., 1164pp. ISBN: Publisher: Que Pub. Date: December 1998 $75.00

52 Slide 52 Reading Material (cont’d) Using SAP R/3: Special Edition ASAP World Consultancy With Gray Elkington Jonathan Blain Format: Hardcover, 2nd ed., 1264pp. ISBN: $ Administering Sap R/3: The Fi-Financial Accounting and CO-Controlling Modules ASAP World Consultancy With David Sandison Bernard Dodd Format: Hardcover, 1st ed., 496pp. ISBN: Publisher: Que Pub. Date: March 1998 Edition Desc: 1 ED $49.99

53 Slide 53 Reading Material (cont’d) From SAP Press Discover SAP Available 10/2007 Nancy Muir, Ian Kimball 300 pages. SAP Press: 2007 Catalog, H1989 $ Discover ABAP Available 12/2007 Karl-Heinz Kunhauser 400 pages. SAP Press: 2007 Catalog, H1993 $ 39.95

54 Slide 54 SAP Business Explorer (BEx) Tools Peter Scott 71 pages. SAP Press: 2007 Catalog, H1989 $ US Tax and SAP Michael Scott Available 11/ pages. SAP Press: 2007 Catalog, H1995 $ Reading Material (cont’d) From SAP Press

55 Slide 55 SAP ERP Financials: Configuration and Design Naeem Arif Available 1/ pages. SAP Press: 2007 Catalog, H1997 $ SAP BW Data Retrieval / Mastering the ETL Process Norbert Egger, Jean-Marie Fiechter, Ralf-Patrick Sawicki, Robert Salzmann, and Thomas Thielen 320 pages. SAP Press: 2007 Catalog, H990 $ Reading Material (cont’d) From SAP Press

56 Questions/Discussion Thank You ! Slide 56


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