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RECOMP is made possible by funding from the ARTEMIS Joint Undertaking. Claus Stellwag (Elektrobit), Thorsten Rosenthal (Delphi), Swapnil Gandhi (Delphi)

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Presentation on theme: "RECOMP is made possible by funding from the ARTEMIS Joint Undertaking. Claus Stellwag (Elektrobit), Thorsten Rosenthal (Delphi), Swapnil Gandhi (Delphi)"— Presentation transcript:

1 RECOMP is made possible by funding from the ARTEMIS Joint Undertaking. Claus Stellwag (Elektrobit), Thorsten Rosenthal (Delphi), Swapnil Gandhi (Delphi) March 2013 – WICERT

2 Goal: Reduce costs of mixed-critical systems 3/22/2013 2

3 Source: Hardware: Meridian Board Development board for the Trusted Computing Platform Supports all relevant bus systems (CAN, FlexRay, SPI, Ethernet) Lot of I/O pins Contains Multicore AURIX controller in FPGA External SRAM as flash emulation Debugging via JTEG or USB 3/22/2013 3

4 Source: MCU Architecture: AURIX TC27x Note: Used FPGA based board has only 2 instead of 3 cores 3/22/2013 4

5 AUTOSAR Overview AUTOSAR = Basic Software + Methodology + Application Interfaces AUTOSAR R4.0 building blocks: Applications (SoftWare Components - SWC) OS Run-Time Environment (RTE) Basic SoftWare (BSW): System Services (e.g. Ecu Manager, Watchdog Manager) (Non-volatile-)Memory stack Communication stack Diagnostic modules Microcontroller abstraction layer (MCAL) Complex Device Drivers (CDD) 3/22/2013 5

6 MCU Core0 Core1 OS BSW RTE SWC AUTOSAR R4.0 + Multicore +Safety SWC CDD ASIL SW QM SW 3/22/2013 6

7 RECOMP: Automotive Cluster 3/22/2013 7

8 Delphi ASIL D Application: ESCL (Electrical Steering Column Lock) M 3/22/2013 8

9 ESCL: Safety Goals ESCL Risks Risk 1: Unintended locking while vehicle is in motion  ASIL D Risk 2: Moving from rest with locked ESCL  ASIL B ESCL safety goals Risk 1  Goal 1: Unintended locking while vehicle is in motion shall be prevented Risk 2  Goal 2: Starting and rolling of vehicle with locked ESCL shall be prevented ESCL Safe states Safe State 1 (for safety goal 1) ESCL is unlocked, not power supplied and locking functions is deactivated Safe State 2 (for safety goal 2) No engine start in case the SCL was not successfully unlocked Abort of start sequence / shut off of engine if ESCL power supply was not switched off after engine was started 3/22/2013 9

10 Building Blocks of ESCL ESCL Module 1: Power supply for ESCL if locking conditions fulfilled ESCL Module 2: Locking command to ESCL if locking conditions fulfilled Power Mode Manager (PMM): Takes care about power- off, sleep and other power related topics Driver Info: Supports info to driver of vehicle Other QM components 3/22/

11 MCU RTE Core0 OS Core1 ASIL SW QM SW BSW RTE ESCL2 PMMESCL1 Driver Info OS Approach 1 : Cross Monitoring C2C BSW 3/22/

12 MCU Core0 Core1 ASIL SW QM SW ESCL2 PMM ESCL1 Driver Info Approach 2: AUTOSAR MultiCore BSW OS RTE 3/22/

13 MCU RTE Core0 OS Core1 ASIL SW QM SW BSW RTE OS Approach 3 : Isolated ESCL ESCL2 PMM ESCL1 Driver Info SWC BSW C2C 3/22/

14 Details of Implementation Each core run its own application (with a separate ELF image). There is no hard reference between the SW This allows SW updates on the core running the legacy / QM parts without impact on the ASIL cores The hardware supports the approach by dedicated core local memory de-central access control to shared peripherals Core2Core Communication (C2C) allows exchange of data between cores. Special care has been taken that the C2C does not impact safety part (e.g. lock-free mechanism for communication buffers) 3/22/

15 Summary: Pros & Cons Pro Clear isolation simplifies design (safety is concentrated on dedicated core(s) – freedom from interference can be easier shown) Divide and conquer principle eases handling of growing complexity Legacy code needs less adoption (constraints from single core are preserved) Less interaction between cores; No additional SW layers needed  better utilization of existing multicore performance Contra Requires more memory Requires specific hardware features of the microcontroller 3/22/

16 Questions ? 3/22/

17 Backup 3/22/

18 ISO lifecycle and RECOMP activities 3/22/

19 RECOMP Demonstrator Comparison of a ESCL system before and after RECOMP Before RECOMP After RECOMP ….is it still “ safe” for the end user? Yes, it´s technical feasible, but…… Development according the ISO automotive Standard must be applied Starti ng point 3/22/


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