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1 Sustainable Development- A Context & Direction Eng. Maher Aziz Energy & Environmental Consultant General Director of Environmental Studies, EEHC TIMS/EEAA.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Sustainable Development- A Context & Direction Eng. Maher Aziz Energy & Environmental Consultant General Director of Environmental Studies, EEHC TIMS/EEAA."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Sustainable Development- A Context & Direction Eng. Maher Aziz Energy & Environmental Consultant General Director of Environmental Studies, EEHC TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX Tunis, August, 2004

2 2 Sustainable Development “Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” “Living off the interest of our environmental and resource capital rather than spending the capital itself ” “Thinking globally, acting locally” “Doing more with less” Tunis, August, 2004 TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX

3 3 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Interacting Systems Environment Social Tunis, August, 2004 Economic TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX

4 4 ECONOMIC OBJECTIVES *Growth *Equity *Efficiency SOCIAL OBJECTIVES *Empowerment *Participation *Social Mobility *Social Cohesion *Cultural Identity *Institutional Development ECOLOGICAL OBJECTIVES *Ecosystem Integrity *Carrying Capacity *Biodiversity *Global Issues Tunis, August, 2004 TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX The Three Goals of Economic Development

5 5 Definition of Sustainable Development The phrase “sustainable development” has be - come an essential part of the vocabulary in environment and development circles. It denotes a particular approach to the process of development. The term is really a combination of two separate concepts - DEVELOPMENT and SUSTAINABILITY. Tunis, August, 2004 TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX

6 6 Definition of Sustainable Development (Contd.) “DEVELOPMENT” is usually understood as a process that moves towards people’s participation in the meeting of their own basic human needs such as food, health care, employment and housing. Tunis, August, 2004 TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX

7 7 Positive processes of development are ones in which:  people participate to solve their own problems.  traditional cultures and lifestyles are respected.  people become less dependent on external aid and more capable of using and developing their own resources.  power and resources are shared.  women, indigenous people, and other marginalized groups participate in decisions. Tunis, August, 2004 TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX Definition of Sustainable Development (Contd.)

8 8 “SUSTAINABILITY” as the word suggests means that the development project or process is one that can be maintained in the long term. This means it must be economically, socially, and politically sustainable; it also means that it must be environmentally sustainable. Development must take place without destroying or undermining the ecological and resource base upon which it rests. Tunis, August, 2004 TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX Definition of Sustainable Development (Contd.)

9 9 The result is a new approach to development that combines some key development principles (factors that are necessary to ensure long-term economic, political, or social viability - such as involvement of women, appropriate technology, and community participation), with factors necessary to ensure environmental viability (impact assessment, consideration of the particular environmental context, etc.) Tunis, August, 2004 TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX Definition of Sustainable Development (Contd.)

10 10 Emergence of Sustainable Development 1972Stockholm Conference (Eco-development) 1987Brundtland Commission (our Common Future) 1992 (June)UN Conference on Environment & Development (Agenda 21) 1992 (Dec.)UN Commission on Sustainable Development National Sustainable Development Action Plans 1997UNCSD Reviews Progress on Agenda (Dec.)Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX Tunis, August, 2004

11 11 THE ROAD FROM RIO Changing Paradigms POST-RioPRE - Rio Do more with lessDo more with more Global village“Me” generation 3R’sThrowaway society Best available Control Technology Regulations as the ceiling Least riskLeast cost Environmentally friendly Products Consumerism Anticipate / PreventMitigate / control Manage resourcesUse resources Integrated planningPlanning for profit Tunis, August, 2004 TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX

12 12 KEY INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABILITY Energy Efficiency Environmental Efficiency Renewable Resource Stokes Customer Satisfaction New Business Opportunities Employee Partnerships Sustainable Technologies Open Information System Stakeholders Partnerships Financial Strengths Energy Externality Costs Persistent Toxic Substances Risk Liability Fuel Consumption Indicator Time Tunis, August, 2004 TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX

13 13 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THE CDM Sustainable CDM Activities means applying the concepts and principles of sustainable development to activities within the CDM context. Tunis, August, 2004 TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX

14 14 End of Presentation Tunis, August, 2004 TIMS/EEAA 2 nd Phase – 4 th Regional Workshop (R4) -CD4CDM UNEP RISØ-APEX


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