Presentation on theme: "Mapping Coastal Wetlands in the National Hydrography Dataset James Mitchell, Ph.D. Information Technology GIS Manager Louisiana Department of Transportation."— Presentation transcript:
Mapping Coastal Wetlands in the National Hydrography Dataset James Mitchell, Ph.D. Information Technology GIS Manager Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development Sean Deinert Director of Technical Operations GDM International Services, Inc.
What makes Louisiana different? ► “Backwards” distributary basins ► Heavy marsh area (Southeastern LA) ► Hurricane prevalence ► Subsidence issues
Current NHD ► High Resolution NHD built from “best available” data ► Contemporaneous issues related to original inconsistencies ► Keeping up with the rapidity and frequency of change in the Louisiana landscape
GDM and NHD ► STRATMAP Revised over 4,400 quadrangles of hydrographic data Created HR NHD for Texas ► LA Seamless Basemap Project Collection, creation and revision of basemap data HR NHD Revision
Pilot Project – Lake Maurepas ► First “Coastal Louisiana” experience – Pass Manchac
Pilot Project – Lake Maurepas ► Using the NHD GeoEdit tool for large scale revisions ► Manual process of NHD Revision process Photorevision Manual deletion of all features and accompanying NHDStatus records Manual allocation of reachcodes Manual tabulation of NHDCrossReference Appropriate Add / ModifyGeometry NHDStatus records
08090301 Revision ► Initial Photorevision process begun in summer 2008 with Q4 2005 (post-Katrina) imagery ► January 2009, production halted due to lack of resources ► Fall 2009 – Discussions begin regarding the future of 08090301 ► NHDGeoEdit Tool Workshops Feb. & Jun. 2010
08090301 Major Concerns ► Time Why do these revisions take so long? ► The amount of change ► The rapidity of change ► The dataset size and complexity ► Tools for large-scale revision unavailable ► Cost
08090301 Questions ► How do we revise a HUC containing over 60,000 complex features efficiently? ► Future needs ► What tools are available to expedite process?
08090301 Solutions Step 1 ► Methods for reducing revision complexity Assessment of problem areas Resolutions Classification of problem areas
08090301 Solutions Step 2 ► Development of Standards for Coastal Areas “Estuary” features Classification of Bays within Estuary Classification of Swamp/Marsh in Estuary as a separate feature NHDFlowline pruning / redevelopment, maintaining essential features
08090301 Solutions Step 3 ► NHD GeoConflation Toolset Workshops in Jul. 2010 and Apr. 2011 Allows for mass dataset revisions Helps automate NHDStatus, NHDReachCrossReference, etc., generation
08090301 Final Results ► Old methods: 60,000+ features revised 8 months+ to update and revise Manual table generation ► New Methods 31,000+ features revised ~5 months to update and revise Automated table generation
08090301 Final Results ► Remaining Concerns XML Extract size Machine Limitations Durability of Standards
Looking Forward ► Reduction of initial revision time ► Partial HUC12 assessment / revision, following catastrophic events ► Regularly scheduled HUC8 maintenance