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Q4. Discuss potential effects of deprivation or trauma in childhood on later development Q5 & 6. Define resilience and discuss strategies to build resilience.

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Presentation on theme: "Q4. Discuss potential effects of deprivation or trauma in childhood on later development Q5 & 6. Define resilience and discuss strategies to build resilience."— Presentation transcript:

1 Q4. Discuss potential effects of deprivation or trauma in childhood on later development Q5 & 6. Define resilience and discuss strategies to build resilience. Study Guides and Pearson p

2  Introduction  Deprivation-living in a state of neglect to provide basic physical, emotional, or social needs; often related to institutionalization, poverty, parenting  Trauma-experiencing a powerful shock  Thesis: Childhood deprivation or trauma may affect later development, but recovery is possible

3  PTSD-Post-traumatic stress disorder  Due to divorce, death, abuse, natural disaster, war  Impulsivity, agitation, hyper-vigilance, avoidance  Research  Carion (2009)-fMRI scans of PTSD children showed less hippocampal activity compared to a control  Yehuda (2001)- study of children of Holocaust survivors indicate PTSD can be transmitted from parent to child

4  Romanian adoptees in the UK- 144 children who spent at least 6 months in institutions  Cognitive impairment (neural damage)  From 6-24 months in the institution: 12%  From months in the institution: 36%  Disinhibited attachment disorder  From 6-24 months in the institution: 16%  From months in the institution: 33%

5  No effects if children were in the institution for less than 6 months  Effects not fixed and irreversible  Most did not show cognitive impairment or disinhibited attachment disorder

6  Introduction  Resilience- maintaining adaptive functioning in spite of serious risk factors (Rutter, 1990)  Approaches- risk and protective factors; contextual factors and individual factors  Risk factors-poor attachment, poor parenting, violence  Protective factors- parenting skills, tutoring, social skills training  Thesis: Adversity can be overcome by building resilience

7  Adversity  Poverty and disadvantage  Social exclusion  Unemployment  Resilience  Academic competence  Supportive family life  Effective social environment  Employment

8  The Triple P: Positive Parenting Program  Social learning- enhance knowledge, skills, and confidence of parents  Sanders (2002)- the program was effective in reducing children’s disruptive behavior  Big Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS)  Mentoring for high-risk children  Social support from a caring adult  Tierney (1985)-social support from a caring adult with positive expectations increased resilience


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