Presentation on theme: "Proposed PILOT Youth Guarantee scheme in Ballymun, Dublin"— Presentation transcript:
1 Proposed PILOT Youth Guarantee scheme in Ballymun, Dublin Paul carroll | 13th May 2013 | Madrid
2 Outline of Presentation Background and current approach to engaging with the unemployedOverview of BallymunProposed pilot Youth Guarantee SchemeChallenges & issues regarding proposed pilot
3 Department of social protection Our mission is to promote active participation in society through the provision of income supports, employment services and other services. Lifecycle approach: Children & Families, Working Age, Old Age Budget of €20 billion for 2013 (40% of total Government current expenditure budget of €51 billion) Circa 7,000 staff nationwide – 59 local offices, 63 branch offices (plus employment services and community welfare offices since 2011/12) Circa 1.4 million people receive a social welfare payment each week and, when qualified adults and children are included, a total of almost 2.1 million people benefit from weekly payments (out of a population of 4.6 million).
4 Jobseeker payments and supports Of €20 billion budget, €4 billion allocated to Jobseeker’s Allowance (JA) and Jobseeker’s Benefit (JB) and €1 billion on employment supports. In April 2013, there were 417,593 persons on the Live Register, of whom 15% are under 25 years of age (64,690). The Department supports a range of employment programmes, back to education programmes and work placement/experience programmes.
5 % Unemployment rates in Ireland (annual averages)
6 Youth Unemployment Ratios (2011) Unemployment ratio takes out the participation effect and looks at the percentage of unemployed among all persons aged Ireland is still high in this method.
7 National Employment Action Plan The approach to activation until now has been via the National Employment Action Plan:After three months in receipt of JA or JB, the person receives a letter from the Department of Social Protection to attend an interview with their local employment office (now in DSP).At this appointment, an Individual Action Plan is agreed e.g. job search, CV help, interview techniques, training, education, work placement, etc.If person did not attend or engage, could lose social welfare payment – however, rarely happened.
8 Pathways to Work‘Pathways to Work’ is the Government’s policy on getting people back to work. It commits to the provision of more regular and on- going engagement and greater targeting of activation places and job opportunities for those who are unemployed.It also aims to increase engagement and incentivise employers to provide more jobs for people who are unemployed.Focus on preventing and reducing long-term unemployment.Early and frequent engagement
9 ‘Intreo’ integrated employment & support service With the merging of employment services into the Department of Social Protection from January 2012, we have developed a new Intreo service as a one-stop shop service integrating employment and income supports. Now in 12 offices, it will be rolled out nationwide.Streamlined personalized service to clients in accessing job opportunities and supports to enable them to get back to work at the earliest possible opportunity.Early group engagement for all new job-seekers, emphasising their responsibility to be available for and actively seek work (must sign Record of Mutual Commitments). Penalised if don’t engage.All new jobseekers are profiled to determine their probability of becoming long-term unemployed (early engagement for most “at risk” - no three month wait)
10 Youth Unemployment policy? In Q4, 2012 there were 59,000 young people (15 – 24 years of age) unemployed in Ireland, with an unemployment rate of 27.6%.Of these, 46.3% (27,300) were long-term unemployedMales made up 62.5% of the young unemployed, and 73.6% of the young long-term unemployedThe number of young unemployed has decreased by 8,700 from Q4, 2011Despite our high levels of youth unemployment (an annual average of 30% for year olds in 2012), Ireland has no explicit policy to address youth unemployment. Age is implicitly included in profiling.
11 Overview of BallymunBuilt in 1960’s-1970’s in response to significant housing shortages and chronic overcrowding in the city at the time.3,000 apartments in a series of 4, 8 and 15 story tower blocks – the first and only tower block scheme of its kind in Ireland – and a further 2,400 houses, all within a 1.5 square mile radius. Intended as a ‘state-of-the-art’ and modern town, but…Lack of investment in the physical and social infrastructure => alienation, isolation, rise of serious social and economic disadvantage in the area.In 1996, a decision was made to demolish the high-rise tower blocks and replace them with low-rise housing. Ballymun Regeneration LtdPhysical regeneration: 2,700 new housing units, a new main street is under construction, a new Civic Centre, a primary health care centre, arts centre, two new hotels. Early in 2009 IKEA opened a store.
12 Ireland Dublin Ballymun Principal Economic Status (PES): State, Dublin City and Ballymun 2011 CensusIrelandDublinBallymunStateDublinBallymunEmployment Rate50%51%32%Unemployment Rate19%18%Labour Force Participation62%47%Un-skilled/Semi-skilled %14%10%21%
13 15 – 24 year olds PES Data, State, Dublin City & Ballymun 2011 Census IrelandDublinBallymun 15 to 24 year oldsStateDublinBallymunEmployment Rate22%25%21%Unemployment Rate39%34%54%Labour Force Participation30%38%46%
14 Proposed PilotBring together public employment services, education and training providers, local development organisations, local employers and youth services who will collaborate to finalise the design of the pilot scheme and then work together to implement, monitor and evaluate a pilot YGS.The pilot scheme will include elements of assessment, guidance, education and training with a particular focus on providing a work placement opportunity with local employers as a route to permanent employment for young people aged 18 to 24. Target group : 90pm new and existing.Managed at a strategic level by a partnership of senior representatives of key stakeholder organisations, led by DSP, and mirrored at local level by a similar team who will implement the pilot scheme. Approach is designed to ensure that lessons from local pilot feed into the formulation of national policy re the future development of YGSs.Pilot will develop an approach tailored to the needs of a deprived urban area and tested within a specific geographic area (Ballymun).
15 Youth Guarantee Scheme – Structure Identification & Selection of ParticipantsYouth GuaranteeAssessment and Development of Career PlanBasic Skills DevelopmentPersonal Skills DevelopmentSpecific Skills TrainingPrep for Education & TrainingWork ExperienceMainstream Education and TrainingEmployment
16 Barriers faced by target group Previous education and work experienceAbility to cope /MotivationSelf-EsteemSelf-KnowledgeOccupational KnowledgeDecision Making Skills
17 Governance : National and local partnership National Steering Group: key Departments, local development agencies, service providers, Irish Business & Employers Conference, National Youth CouncilAgree detailed design, methodology, roles and responsibilities,Support Local Team and address issues arisingReview & evaluate the Team and effectiveness & efficiency of pilotAgree Final Report & make recommendations on future YGSsDisseminate results and increase capacity of partners to work togetherLocal Implementation Team : mirrors National GroupSupport implementation, identify and refer participantsAdvise on progress, implement solutions to barriers arisingReport back to own organisations and National GroupParticipate in evaluation and dissemination
18 workplan Phase 1 : Planning of local pilot (1-3 months) Brief review of EU YGSs and consultation with local employersNational Group finalise design (input from Local Team), agree governance and expectations of each partnerAgree TOR of external evaluation, advertise and selectPhase 2 : Implementation (4-12 months)Participants selected and start on YGS months 4-9 (though will extend..)Assessment of participants, steps to be taken by them agreedParticipants start on the elements of the pilotInterview with guidance practitioner at the end of each element, next steps agreedOngoing evaluation and review
19 Involvement of Target Group Action 1: Local youth representative on implementation team Action 2: Survey of participants & employersAction 3: A broader survey of young people in the area
20 ChallengesWith participants: not homogeneous group- most will want support, but some “welfare culture”, severe disadvantage- multiple barriers With employers: encouraging them to give commitments to take on interns/employees With employment opportunities/supports: conditionality (some require longer attachment to the Live Register) With partnership approach: getting all participating to agree shared vision, work cohesively, constructively, effectively and efficiently Timeframe: 4 month guarantee requires swift response times from identifying appropriate progression to providing it SUPPLYING SUFFICIENT SUITABLE OPPORTUNITIES FOR ALL
21 EvaluationAn evaluation framework will be agreed that will enable the identification of lessons learned in a way that will assist in the design of future YGSs at local and national levelThere will be on-going (i.e. during the pilot) and post-pilot evaluation, including surveys of participants, employers and youths in the areaThe Partnership will work with an external independent evaluator to assess:activities/tasks,partnership and communications,outcomes and impact for the participants and partners
22 OutcomesFor Participants (who will also have influenced the design of the model)Increased self awareness and understanding, literacy, numeracy, interpersonal communications, IT skills, education/ training qualifications,improved job search skills and work experience. A Job!For policy and practiceDevelopment of a client-centred inter-agency YGS model based on assessment of needImproved learning for the creation and practice of YGS initiatives to assist local people to access & sustain employment and further develop the capacity of the local area to create better opportunities for local people.Improved partnership approach to service provision across all organisations.To have tested the effectiveness of a YGS model as a labour market measure and extract the learning to inform future policy formulation and practice at local, national and EU level
23 Thank you for listening – any questions? Paul CarrollDivisional ManagerDepartment of Social ProtectionMellowes RoadFinglasDublin 11