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The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation Surveillance in Europe: status and plans Johan Martensson Network Manager Directorate, EUROCONTROL.

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Presentation on theme: "The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation Surveillance in Europe: status and plans Johan Martensson Network Manager Directorate, EUROCONTROL."— Presentation transcript:

1 The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation Surveillance in Europe: status and plans Johan Martensson Network Manager Directorate, EUROCONTROL MAKS 2013, Moscow 29 th August 2013

2 Agenda 2 1 Introduction 2 Deployment & Regulations 3 Performance Analysis 4 Next steps

3 3 ADS-B/WAM Deployment – CASCADE  Ground Surveillance Applications (ADS-B Out) ADS-B Receiver  Enhanced ATS in Non-Radar areas (NRA)  Enhanced ATS in Radar areas (RAD)  Airport Surface Surveillance (APT)  Aircraft derived data (ADD) 2010 IOC ATS – Air Traffic Services TSA – Traffic Situation Awareness  Airborne Surveillance Applications (ADS-B In ATSAW) 2011 IOC  Enhanced TSA during Flight operations (AIRB)  In Trail Procedure (ITP)  Visual separation on approach (VSA)  Enhanced TSA for Surface operations (SURF)  Wide Area Multilateration (WAM)  Interval Management (FIM - ADS-B In Spacing)

4 4 Global interoperability More than a decade of intensive international co-operation ANSPs/Airspace Users/Industry/Regulators Common Standards for Operations and Systems Completed for ADS-B Out ADS-B In: Traffic Situation Awareness in the cockpit Ongoing for ADS-B In: Spacing, Separation, Alerting Aligned Certification material Civil-Military interoperability Reduction of exemptions for State aircraft Provisions for military in SES Regulations Rationalisation of CNS infrastructure Exchange of functional performance assessment results Guidance to implementers Great contribution to global interoperability and cost-efficiency

5 Agenda 5 1 Introduction 2 Deployment & Regulations 3 Performance Analysis 4 Next steps

6 6 ADS-B IN Voluntary implementation in wider areas New equipage Pioneer Phase Avionics: EASA AMC20-24 and later EASA CS-ACNS WAM WAM / ADS-B Ground system Deployment ADS-B and WAM Deployment in Europe ADS-B OUT Voluntary implementation in pocket areas Certified existing equipage IR based implementation in wider areas Upgraded equipage Forward-fitRetro-fit Pioneer Phase Mandate Phase Avionics: EASA AMC20-24 Avionics: EASA CS-ACNS EU Regulation 1207/ State a/c

7 77 ADS-B Out and Mode S Mandate European Commission Single European Sky Surveillance Performance & Interoperability Implementing Rule (SPI IR) ● All aircraft flying IFR/GAT ● Mode S ELS ● Aircraft flying IFR/GAT >5700 kg or >250kts TAS ● ADS-B Out & Mode S EHS ● Option for ADS-B specific airspace mandate ● Mandate dates ● Forward fit8 Jan 2015 ● Retrofit7 Dec 2017 ● Provisions for State a/c (Article 8) ● 7 Dec 2017 (Mode S ELS) ● 1 Jan 2019 (Mode S EHS and ADS-B for transport-type aircraft) Regulation (EU) 1207/2011

8 Mode S radar Deployment 322 Mode S radars 12 new applications (not included) 8

9 99 Legend ADS-B current equipage ADS-B updated avionics WAM with ADS-B capabilities ADS-B and WAM Opportunities Dates System Deployment D = Deployed Austria Bulgaria Czech Republic Cyprus Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Iceland Italy Latvia Netherlands Norway Portugal Romania Spain Sweden UK ADS-B & WAM Deployment

10 10 Estimated ADS-B & WAM sensors & systems 10

11 AMC Legacy ADS-B Out installations are generally compliant to AMC20-24 Several configurations are Certified Currently used in Operations Short term implementation in lower density airspace AMC Legacy ADS-B Out installations are generally compliant to AMC20-24 Several configurations are Certified Currently used in Operations Short term implementation in lower density airspace CS-ACNS – compliance means for EU Regulation 1207/2011 Avionics upgrade required (currently limited availability) Support high density surveillance Recommended (future) implementation baseline CS-ACNS – compliance means for EU Regulation 1207/2011 Avionics upgrade required (currently limited availability) Support high density surveillance Recommended (future) implementation baseline Aircraft readiness for ADS-B Out operations Two certification baselines:

12 EU IR 1207/2011 (CS-ACNS) Key ADS-B Avionics Requirements GNSS (E)TSO-C129a (DO208) (E)TSO-C145/146 (DO229D) (E)TSO-C196 (DO316) Transponder (E)TSO-C166b (ED102A/DO260B) (E)TSO-C112d (ED73E/DO181E)

13 ADS-B Out Regulations in Europe and USA High-level comparison Europe 1207/2011(Draft CS-ACNS) ≈ US 14 CFR (AC20-165A) 1207/ ApplicabilityAircraft relatedAirspace related ADS-B Out ProtocolIdentical (ED-102A / DO-260B, 1090ES v2) allows for UAT below ft Antenna DiversityRequiredRequired, bottom-mounted allowed for A1S,B1S Position sourceETSO-C129a/196/145/146 + additional requirements NIC=7(0.2NM), NACp=8(0.05NM), NACv=1(10m/s), SIL=3, SDA=2 ETSO-C129()/196/145/146* + additional requirements * In practice, higher end receivers (145/146) will likely be required to meet the US rule with satisfactory availability Data itemsSame baseline + Vertical rate, GPS antenna offset, Selected Altitude, Barometric Pressure Setting Same baseline + ADS-B In Capability

14 14 Aircraft Type ADS-B IN installation typeNumber of Aircraft B767EFB Class 33 A330Integrated display system16 A330EFB Class 35 Total24 First ATSAW certified aircraft delivered June 2011 First ATSAW Operations by Swiss 7 Feb flights performed so far ADS-B IN ATSAW flights Other operators are ordering ADS-B In for new a/c Pioneer operators

15 Agenda 15 1 Introduction 2 Deployment & Regulations 3 Performance Analysis 4 Next steps

16 Surveillance Evolution & Consequences Surveillance functions are moving to the aircraft Cooperative surveillance: Mode A/C >> Mode S >> ADS-B More information is provided by the airborne sub-system Surveillance performance is more dependent on the airborne sub-system Airborne surveillance sub-system is becoming more complex More functions Increasing number of interfaces with avionics  Increasing need for air-ground & air-air interoperability  Increasing need for inter-avionics equipment interoperability 16

17 17 Performance Monitoring International co-ordination ADS-B aircraft in the Database 19 billion ADS-B reports Continuous monitoring

18 Agenda 18 1 Introduction 2 Deployment & Regulations 3 Performance Analysis 4 Next steps

19 Ground Surveillance Technical specifications Composite ADS-B and WAM surveillance system specification Surveillance services from a single equipment network architecture New system specification for combined systems (ED-nnn) Updated ADS-B & WAM system specifications (ED-129 & ED-142) Generic Surveillance (GEN-SUR) - SPR & PSC Guidance to address safety requirements in EC Regulation 1207/2011 – Safety assessment for all Surveillance systems Combining surveillance techniques (ADS-B, Radar, WAM) at functional a level

20 Ground Surveillance Satellite based ADS-B Global coverage of ADS-B Out excluding higher density areas Several studies One consortium (Aireon) with firm deployment plans Objective to support NM Separation 66 LEO satellites (Iridium NEXT) First launch 2015 / Full constellation 2017 ATM Impact – key areas Network Improvement Business Case Interoperability Global coordination will be required

21 ADS-B Out expansion beyond Air Transport Proposal to increase the scope of EU Regulation 1207/2011 No change to existing requirements or dates ! Objective to cover all aircraft subject to surveillance Maximise Surveillance infrastructure rationalisation Mitigate airspace infringements and prevent misleading data Low cost ADS-B Out [GNSS & Transponder] Two initiatives: LPSE – Low Power Surveillance Equipment (FAA) LPAT – Low Power ADS-B Transceiver (UK) Voluntary equipage Target low end airspace users, visible for Situation Awareness but not for ATC separation services Mitigate airspace infringements and prevent misleading data

22 ABS-B IN Next steps Flight Deck Interval Management (FIM) Speed guidance to achieve precise interval spacing between aircraft Step 1: MOPS & SPR target end 2014 Step 2: tbd Traffic Situation Awareness with Alerts (TSAA) ADS-B based collision avoidance system for aircraft without ACAS II At the “traffic advisory” level, i.e. no coordination or resolution advisories MOPS & SPR target end 2013 CDTI Assisted Visual Separation on Approach (CAVS) After initial visual contact - allow Own Visual Separation where the Display replaces visual contact MOPS & SPR target end 2013

23 Other Surveillance related Developments Flight plan indications for ADS-B Proposal to introduce means to indicate specific ADS-B Out and ADS-B In capabilities in the ICAO flight plan FPL 2012 indications as baseline Expanding through the SUR/ indicator in Item 18 ACAS improvements Hybrid ACAS – reduced RF though passive use of ADS-B ACAS X – Improved ACAS, backwards compatible, with application adjusted logic Improved data link for Surveillance 1090 MHz increased bandwidth through phase modulation Future data link studies

24 Conclusions Surveillance standards and Regulations published Airborne & Ground Deployment ongoing New Application Development ongoing Global Interoperability Rationalised High Performance Surveillance system

25 Questions

26 SES Surveillance Regulations overview … … Airborne Surveillance – ADS-B In Voluntary benefit driven implementation Airborne Surveillance – ADS-B In Voluntary benefit driven implementation Air / Ground Interface – Mode S & ADS-B Out – IR driven Ground Surveillance – ADS-B Out / Mode S / WAM Most appropriate & efficient surveillance solution for the particular environment Ground Surveillance – ADS-B Out / Mode S / WAM Most appropriate & efficient surveillance solution for the particular environment Aircraft operators Service providers Aircraft operators Service providers EC IR 1207/2011 Forward-fit ELS / EHS / ADS-B Retro-fit ELS / EHS / ADS-B Mil. a/c ELS Mil.Trp.a/c EHS / ADS-B Systems ready for Aircraft ID as identification means EC IR 1206/2011 NPA > CS-ACNS Airborne Safety net – ACAS II v7.1 – IR driven EC IR 1332/2011 EUR Retro-fit v7.1 ICAO Forward-fit v7.1 EUR Forward-fit v7.1

27 SES Surveillance Regulations Applicability Earlier Later Timeline TCAS v7.1 Fwd 1 Mar 2012 TCAS v7.1 Rtr 1 Dec 2015 ADS-B/ELS/EHS Fwd 8 Jan 2015 ADS-B/ELS/EHS Rtr + ELS Mil. a/c 7 dec 2017 ADS-B/EHS Mil. Trp. a/c 1 Jan 2019 EU IR 1207/2011 – Mode S & ADS-B Out (v2) All IFR/GAT aircraft Mode S ELS IFR/GAT aircraft >5700kg or >250kts TAS ADS-B Out Fixed wing IFR/GAT aircraft >5700kg or >250kts TAS Mode S EHS EU IR 1207/2011 – Mode S & ADS-B Out (v2) All IFR/GAT aircraft Mode S ELS IFR/GAT aircraft >5700kg or >250kts TAS ADS-B Out Fixed wing IFR/GAT aircraft >5700kg or >250kts TAS Mode S EHS EU IR 1332/2011 – ACAS II v7.1 Turbine-powered aeroplanes > kg or > 19 passengers ACAS II v7.1 Also applies to aircraft which will be equipped on a voluntary basis Does not apply to unmanned aircraft systems EU IR 1332/2011 – ACAS II v7.1 Turbine-powered aeroplanes > kg or > 19 passengers ACAS II v7.1 Also applies to aircraft which will be equipped on a voluntary basis Does not apply to unmanned aircraft systems ANSPs Most efficient solution Possibility for local mandates ANSPs Most efficient solution Possibility for local mandates Ground systems ACID ready 2 Jan 2020 (EU IR 1206/2011) Regional Mode S mandates

28 ADS-B Out Annex 10 Volume IV (Current Amdt 85, next version: v2 ES 1207/2011) Mode S Services on ES (Doc 9871 ed2, 2012) ADS-B In [AIRB, ITP, SURF, VSA] + [IM, CAVS, CAPP, TSAA] +… PANS-OPS (Doc 8168) to include A/C Operating Procedures Airborne Surveillance Manual (Draft Doc 9994, ASTAF) ITP (SASP and ASTAF) PANS-ATM (Doc 4444) ITP Circular (Draft) Mode S & ACAS II Annex 10 Volume III & IV Mode S Services on ES (Doc 9871 ed2, 2012) ACAS Manual (Doc 9863 ed2, 2012) SASP - Separation and Airspace Safety Panel ASTAF - Airborne Surveillance Task Force ICAO Documents

29 Equipment certification: ADS-B OutETSO-C166b (Jul 2012)* + ETSO-C129a / ETSO-C145c/146c / ETSO-196a ADS-B In ETSO-C195a (Jul 2012), TCAS hybrid sur. ETSO-C119c (Dec 2009) ACAS IIETSO-C119c (Dec 2009) Mode SETSO-C112d (to be issued) Airworthiness Approval ADS-B Out:CS-ACNS (NPA , expected Q2 2013) (AC20-165A (Nov 2012) ) ADS-B In:CRI (Certification Review Item), Tbd EASA Certification Memo (AC20-172A (Mar 2012) ) Mode S & CS-ACNS (NPA , expected Q2 2013), JAA TGL13 Rev1 (June 2003), ACAS II AMC20-13 (Dec 2006) (AC20-131A, AC20-151A) Regional Regulatory Documents 29

30 Parameter1207/2011 (Draft CS-ACNS) AMC 20-24§ (AC20-165A) ICAO 24 bit addressMandatory Aircraft identificationMandatory Mode A code (incl. disabling function)Mandatory Special position indication (SPI or IDENT)Mandatory Emergency status (incl. emgy indication)MandatoryMandatory*Mandatory Barometric Pressure altitude (incl NICbaro)Mandatory ADS-B version numberMandatory, ≥ 2MandatoryMandatory, ≥ 2 Horizontal position (incl. NIC, NACp, SDA & SIL)MandatoryMandatory*Mandatory Horizontal Velocity (E/W,N/S & Hdg/Trk gnd, HRD, NACv) MandatoryRecommendedMandatory Geometric Altitude (HAE) (incl. GVA)Mandatory- ADS-B Emitter categoryMandatory- Aircraft length and widthMandatory- GNSS antenna offsetMandatory-Recommended Vertical rate (Hybrid, Baro, Baro-inertial or GNSS)Mandatory*-Recommended Selected Altitude (MCP/FCU incl status)If available-Optional Selected Heading--Optional Barometric pressure settingIf available-- ACAS traffic status (incl. RA active (TCAS II) etc)If available-If TCAS II installed ACAS installed & operating RA capable (TCAS II)If available-If TCAS II installed ADS-B In capability installed--If installed. 30 ADS-B Out Required Data items

31 Mode S Required Data items ParameterELS 1207/2011 (Draft CS-ACNS) EHS 1207/2011 (Draft CS-ACNS) ICAO 24 bit addressMandatory Aircraft identificationMandatory Mode A codeMandatory Special position indication (SPI or IDENT)Mandatory Emergency status (incl. Mode A codes)Mandatory Barometric Pressure altitudeMandatory Level 2 SI Code capableMandatory Flight Status (Air/Gnd)Mandatory Data link capability report (ACAS, Mode S, ES, SI,…)Mandatory ACAS traffic status (incl. RA active (TCAS II) etc)If TCAS II installed Horizontal Velocity (Ground speed)-Mandatory Vertical rate-Mandatory Selected Altitude (MCP/FCU incl status)-Mandatory Barometric pressure setting-Mandatory Roll Angle-Mandatory True Track Angle-Mandatory Indicated Airspeed (IAS) or Mach-Mandatory Magnetic Heading-Mandatory Track Angle Rate (or true airspeed if “TAR” not available)-Mandatory

32 32 Typical ADS-B/WAM Benefit cases Non-Radar Airspace TMA around secondary airports with increasing traffic (e.g. low-cost carriers) No Surveillance coverage Reduced efficiency (sub-optimal routing, holdings etc.) -> estimate 2-3 mins per a/c -> enabling of PBN (Kos/Greece as a pilot case) If there are predominant carriers, current ADS-B technology could be used If there is mixed fleet, WAM could be an alternative (typically higher cost than ADS-B as it includes multiple stations but still lower than radar)

33 33 Typical ADS-B/WAM Benefit cases Radar Airspace ● Future Radar decommissioning ● Cost avoidance (ADS-B/WAM cost is significantly lower) ● Assessed with UK NATS (Mode S radar replacement) ● WAM can be used now ● ADS-B requires the SPI IR functionality (dates ) ● Clause for ANSP efficiency ● IR 1207/2011 extension? ● Incentives (e.g. low-end)?

34 ACAS X User Group Surveillance Technology Advisories ACAS X A Current TCAS II users (large aircraft) Active radar supplemented with passive Same as current TCAS II ACAS X O Users of specific operations (e.g., CSPO, Formation Flights, ASAS Operations) Active radar supplemented with passive Procedure-specific alerts for selected aircraft, global alerting against all others ACAS X P General aviationPassive only Reduced advisory set ACAS X U Unmanned aircraft Potentially radar, EO/IR, etc. Vertical and horizontal advisories

35 35 EC Implementing Rule Exemptions and Incentives European Commission Single European Sky Surveillance Performance & Interoperability Implementing Rule (SPI IR) Regulation (EU) 1207/2011 Exemption provisions: ● Mode S EHS only (specific architectures) Basic Regulation (EU) 216/2008 Generic exemption provisions: ● Article 14 para 4 and 5 INCENTIVES: ● At this stage not anticipated for AOC holders


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