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Lección 11 Paquita y Sara. Sequence of Tenses with the Subjunctive  Main Clause PresentFuture Present Perfect Future Perfect CommandPreteriteImperfectConditionalPluperfect.

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Presentation on theme: "Lección 11 Paquita y Sara. Sequence of Tenses with the Subjunctive  Main Clause PresentFuture Present Perfect Future Perfect CommandPreteriteImperfectConditionalPluperfect."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lección 11 Paquita y Sara

2 Sequence of Tenses with the Subjunctive  Main Clause PresentFuture Present Perfect Future Perfect CommandPreteriteImperfectConditionalPluperfect Conditional Perfect  Dependent Clause Present Subjunctive or Present Perfect Subjunctive Imperfect Subjunctive or Pluperfect Subjunctive

3 Sequence of Tenses  The chart shows the uses of tenses in main and dependent clauses, however there are times when the main clause verb is in the present, the imperfect subjunctive may be used in the dependent clause to refer to an action that has already occurred (siento que no pudieras jugar al tenis = I’m sorry that you were not able to play tennis)

4 Uses of Definite Articles (el, la, los, las)  Before nouns or normalized adjectives used in a general sense, as well as with nouns dealing with concepts and abstractions (Los toreros tienen que ser valientes)  With days of the week (except after ser), seasons, meals, hours, and dates  With the names of languages (except after hablar and verbs of learning) or prepositions de or en

5 Uses of Definite Articles (el, la, los, las)  With titles (except when speaking directly to the person or before don, doña, fray, sor, san(to), santa)  Before certain geographical names (although often omitted in the press and in colloquial speech)  With clothing and body parts when ownership is established by the subject (Levanten la mano si saben la repuesta)

6 Uses of Indefinite Articles (un, una, unos, unas)  Before a noun that has not been identified previously (hubo un president que era aficionado a las canicas)  Before a noun that is modified (Los mayas tuvieronuna civilización impresionante)

7 Infinite Articles  The infinite article is omitted in the following situations: After the verb ser when referring to an unmodified noun that indentifies professions, occupations, nationalities, ranks, and affiliations (Ella es profesora de italiano) After the verb ser when referring to an unmodified noun that indentifies professions, occupations, nationalities, ranks, and affiliations (Ella es profesora de italiano) Before cien, ciento, mil, and cierto/a Before cien, ciento, mil, and cierto/a After medio/a, tal, and ¡qué…! After medio/a, tal, and ¡qué…!

8 Uses of Gerund and the Infinitive  As a noun English: gerund English: gerund Watching a soccer game can be exitingWatching a soccer game can be exiting No smokingNo smoking  As an adjective English: gerund English: gerund It was an entertaining contestIt was an entertaining contest Bingo is a thrilling game of chanceBingo is a thrilling game of chance  As an adverb English: gerund English: gerund We did the tour walkingWe did the tour walking She answered the question smilingShe answered the question smiling Spanish: infinitive Mirar un partido de futból puede se emocionante No fumar Spanish: adjective Fue in certamen entretenido El bingo es un juego de azar emocionante Spanish: gerund Hicimos la gira caminando Contestaba la pregunta sonriendo


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