Presentation on theme: "Job Search Assistance Strategies Evaluation Presentation for American Public Human Services Association February 25, 2014."— Presentation transcript:
Job Search Assistance Strategies Evaluation Presentation for American Public Human Services Association February 25, 2014
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 2 Discussion Goals Introduce the importance of understanding effective job search assistance (JSA) strategies Describe the components of JSA programs Summarize what we know from existing research on JSA Identify research gaps Describe the JSA evaluation and how states might participate
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 3 Importance of Understanding JSA JSA services are central to TANF programs but little is known about what works best Past rigorous studies show positive effects for JSA services when provided as part of welfare-to-work activities, but studies are dated –Type and duration of JSA that are most effective –Job search in a changing and recovering economic environment –How technology has created both opportunities and challenges for the job search process
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 5 Discussion Questions What types of JSA strategies do you use in your program? What types of strategies would you like to expand or include?
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 6 What Do We Know about JSA? JSA is effective at speeding entry into work The impacts from JSA are modest. It mostly increases the speed at which people find jobs, rather than affecting the quality of jobs they attain Some evidence that mandatory JSA (and the use of sanctions) lead primarily to reductions in cash assistance, with weaker impacts on earnings More intensive and more personalized JSA programs do not have clearly better outcomes
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 7 Discussion Questions What do you know about your current JSA program? What would you like to know?
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 8 Research Objectives High priority study to determine “what works” in providing job search assistance to TANF recipients. Study will examine the impact of JSA program approaches TANF recipients’ short-term employment and earnings, and potentially job quality and receipt of public assistance Results will be of great operational value to all states, but especially those that participate
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 9 Study Team Sponsored by Administration for Children and Families, conducted by Abt Associates and Mathematica Policy Research APHSA, Rockefeller Institute of Government, Russell Sykes Consulting, and Don Winstead Consulting are also partners
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 10 Study Approach Evaluation Design: –Impact study will randomly assign individuals to contrasting JSA approaches and then compare employment and earnings –Implementation study will examine services received under each approach, and provide operational lessons Sites: –Large samples are needed –Looking to implement the same JSA tests in multiple states/localities Current activities: –Determining what JSA approaches should be tested –Identifying potential sites to participate in the evaluation
Abt Associates | pg 11 Key Tasks and Project Timeline Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3 Knowledge Development/Site Selection Random Assignment & Monitoring Implementation Study Impact Study Data Collection & Analysis
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 12 Identifying JSA Models to Test Key factors to consider –Creating policy-relevant tests of interest to ACF, the policy community, and the field –Feasibility of implementing different JSA interventions within a single TANF agency –Feasibility of consistent implementation of treatment condition across various offices and sites Focus on identifying common approaches as well as contrasts that are most relevant to the field Goal is develop tests of different JSA approaches; there is no “no-service” control group
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 13 Examples of What Could be Studied TANF applicant JSA Self-directed JSA vs. group JSA Self-directed JSA vs. one-on-one guided JSA “Life skills” training Job development services
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 14 Participating in the Study Excellent opportunity to test an approach to JSA that you might not otherwise be able to consider Site could be a state or individual localities Participating locations will continue to implement their existing JSA program, but will modify or adopt a contrasting strategy and randomly assign individuals to different approaches Evaluation team will work to minimize disruption to current operations and provide guidance and support Financial payments to offset research-related costs
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 15 Next Steps Conference calls with interested states/localities to: –Understand what you think is most important to learn from the evaluation –Discuss potential participation in the study Develop tests and sites over the next several months, with the goal of implementing random assignment in early 2015 Please contact us if you are interested in learning more!
Abt Associates & Mathematica | pg 16 Discussion Questions What JSA approaches would you be most interested in learning about as part of this evaluation? What is important for us to know from you (those operating these programs) about conducting this evaluation?