Presentation on theme: "USA Raspberry Industry: Trends Primary Production Areas."— Presentation transcript:
USA Raspberry Industry: Trends
Primary Production Areas
2013 US Raspberry Production metric tonnes Washington (frozen) 31,016 California (fresh)est.44,000 Oregon (frozen) 2,428 All Other (fresh) 1,000 USATOTAL 78,444 metric tonnes = 2,204.6 pounds
Land in Raspberry Production in hectares hectare = 2.48 acres Washington (98% frozen) 4,050 California (95% fresh) 2,100 Oregon (80% frozen) 540 All Other (99% fresh) 350 USA TOTAL 7,040
Growing Regions Processed Market Whatcom County July – Mid August 66 mil lbs/30,000 mt Skagit/Snohomish Late June – Mid August 2.2 mil lbs/1,000 mt SW Washington Mid June - August 3.4 mil lbs/1,545 mt Oregon Mid June - August 5.0 mil lbs/2,272 mt Skagit County SW Washington Oregon
The Northwest is unique… 99% of raspberries going into the processed market are machine harvested.
Plantings are set up for machine harvest Majority of raspberries are planted on raised beds 10 foot row spacing with a side wire trellising system One machine picks acres 2-3 day picking rotations (depending on variety)
Trends and Projections Major Cultivars (based on 2013 plant sales in PNW) Meeker 41% Wakefield 25% Chemainus 10% Others 17% Fresh Market Cascade Delight 3% Tulameen 4%
Selection Evaluation Evaluate two years after planting Evaluate all fruiting seedlings at least once a week Select ≈ 1% of seedlings
Plant selections with cooperating grower Evaluate as harvested year 6/7 Discard 80-90% Then, test for yield, disease resistance, fruit quality and in grower trials Machine harvest evaluation
Plant Sale Trend by Variety
Total Raspberry Plant Sales
PNW Raspberry Plant Sales
Meeker 1967 WSU release Willamette remained the dominant cultivar until replaced by Meeker in late 1980s – early 1990s. Was 70% of plantings, now 42% Meeker lighter colored Excellent flavor More productive Long fruiting laterals Machine harvesters improved to accommodate longer laterals
Wakefield 2008 Plant and Food Research, Ltd, NZ Plant and Food Research, Ltd Tested in NZ in and in Washington in High yield High percentage of IQF fruit Recent release, but appears to be durable plant.
Chemainus 2003 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada release Mid season Excellent fruit quality Large Very good yield
Rudi 2009 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada release Early season Medium size Machine harvests well Good yield For processing
Tulameen 1989 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada release Very large fruit Excellent fresh flavor Long, late season
Santa Maria May - Nov Watsonville May – Nov Oxnard Year Round Main Fresh Raspberry Growing Areas
Roughly 2,000 acres are planted for fresh market each year 75 fresh market growers in the state (estimate) Top Varieties 1.Driscolls proprietary varieties 2.Plant Sciences proprietary varieties 3.NaturRipe proprietary varieties 4.Public Varieties (very little) California Fresh Raspberry Production
Commercial plantings usually stay in ground for 2 – 3 years, usually achieving between 2 – 4 harvest cycles Average price to grower over past few years is $2.45/lb. 5% – 10% of fresh production ends up in processed market California Fresh Raspberry Production
US Fresh Berry Consumption
2011 California Volume vs. Industry Volume (lbs) (source: USDA)
Raspberry Price to Growers US $/kg.
Trends and Projections Cost of Production Avg. $1.25 per kg. for processed raspberries IQF quality increases costs Processing Plants in PNW 10 IQF plants – 2 new in Block Frozen 4 Juice Concentrators
Ongoing Challenges New cultivar development Pest management tools – International maximum residue limits (mrl) – Buffers for endangered species protection – Spotted wing drosophila New product development leading to increased demand Increased grower acceptance of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) – food safety, traceability Labor Supply
Thank you for your attention! We look forward to another productive IRO meeting!