Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Petrochemical Technology (TKK-2130) 13/14 Spring Semester Instructor: Rama Oktavian Office Hr.: M.13-15, Tu. 13-15, W.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Petrochemical Technology (TKK-2130) 13/14 Spring Semester Instructor: Rama Oktavian Office Hr.: M.13-15, Tu. 13-15, W."— Presentation transcript:

1 Petrochemical Technology (TKK-2130) 13/14 Spring Semester Instructor: Rama Oktavian Office Hr.: M.13-15, Tu , W , Th , F

2 Outlines 1. Polymer industry 2. Polymerization process 3. Polypropylene 4. Recent status and technology

3 Polymer industry Polymer industry in Indonesia Petrochemicals are chemical products derived from petroleum and other hydrocarbon sources. Polymers are substances containing a large number of structural units joined by the same type of linkage. Polymer consists of combination of monomer

4 Polymer industry Polymer industry in Indonesia There are mainly six polymer product comodities 1.Polyethylene 2.Polypropylene 3.Polyvinyl chloride 4.Polyethylene terephthalate 5.Polystyrene 6.Polycarbonate

5 Polymer industry Polymer industry in Indonesia Amoco Mitsui PTA Ind PT Products: Purified Teraphthalic Acid Asahimas Chemical PT Products: polyvinyl chloride Chandra Asri PT Products: LLDPE, HDPE, Polypropylene Dover Chemical PT Products: Polyvenil Acetate DOW Chemical Pacific Ltd PT Products: Polysterene Mitsubishi Chemical Indonesia PT Products: PET Resin

6 Polymer industry Polymer industry in Indonesia Pacific Indomas Plastic Ind (PIPI) PT Products: Polystrene Polypet Karya Persada PT Products: Poly Ethilene Terapthalic (PET) Polyprima Karya Reksa PT Products: Pure Terepthalic Acid (PTA) Standar Toyo Polymer PT Products: PVC Resin Homo Polymer TITAN Petrokimia Nusantara PT Products: Polyethylene

7 Polymer raw materials 1.Petroleum 2.Hydrocarbon sources

8 Polymerization 1.Initiation step 2.Propagation step 3.Termination step Polymerization reaction

9 Polymerization Initiation step First step reaction due to pressure and heat

10 Polymerization Propagation step Reaction of free radical with monomer

11 Polymerization Termination step Monomer chain aggregation

12 Polypropylene Polypropylene basic polypropylene is a valuable polymer and is used as plastic for making pipes, ropes, fibres, etc It is manufactured by catalytic reaction in a stirred tank reactor, where Ti and aluminium halides are used as catalysts at a temperature of 60°C−70°C and a pressure of 1−2 MPa

13 Polypropylene Petrochemical products demand in Indonesia

14 Polypropylene Petrochemical products demand in Indonesia

15 Polypropylene Polypropylene supply and demand

16 Polypropylene Polypropylene supply and demand

17 Polypropylene Polypropylene supply and demand

18 Polypropylene Polypropylene supply and demand

19 Polypropylene Polypropylene supply and demand

20 Polypropylene Polypropylene supply and demand

21 Polypropylene Polypropylene recent status and technology Methanol-to-Propylene Technology two reaction steps 1.Methanol dehydration to DME on an aluminium catalyst 2.Transforming DME or methanol into a variety of olefins. The use of ZSM-5 catalyst yields propylene. Propylene will be processed further into polypropylene

22 Polypropylene Polypropylene recent status and technology Methanol-to-Propylene Technology

23 Polypropylene Polypropylene recent status and technology Propylene Production via Propane Dehydrogenation

24


Download ppt "Petrochemical Technology (TKK-2130) 13/14 Spring Semester Instructor: Rama Oktavian Office Hr.: M.13-15, Tu. 13-15, W."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google