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Welcome to English 12 From literature to life... A year of reading literature from around the world, and writing about the lessons we can learn from it.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to English 12 From literature to life... A year of reading literature from around the world, and writing about the lessons we can learn from it."— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to English 12 From literature to life... A year of reading literature from around the world, and writing about the lessons we can learn from it.

2 Please prepare for bell work by having your journal out and a pen or pencil ready. Listening to announcements quietly and respectfully is part of our participation in this class. Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Regular journals are worth 5 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

3 Journal # On the following slide is a picture. Please write down your feelings, impressions and observations of of what you see. Get as detailed as possible about what you see and the artist's use of color, shape, texture, brush stroke, etc. Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Journals are worth 3 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

4 Journal # What, in your opinion is worthy of sacrifice? Have you ever sacrificed yourself for any of these things? Can you think of ways in which you have sacrificed yourself in small ways (comfort, time, money, relationships, priorities) Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Journals are worth 3 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

5 Journal # What are your impressions of the movie so far? Style? Story? What do you notice about the main characters? What observance can you make about the symbols and motifs I’ve articulated. Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Journals are worth 3 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

6 Journal # Please choose a work and write about what you have learned from it as it relates to real life: a lesson, observation, issue, etc. -Where do you get this from the text? -Do you agree or disagree? -Where have you seen this to be true or not true in your life or in the life of someone else? -Be specific and give examples. You may choose from Hero, ‘Homespun’, Conduct, or ‘Girl’. Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Journals are worth 3 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

7 Journal # Please write a letter to a daughter you may have in the future. Dear daughter, -Teach her anything you might want her to know. -Share with her any lessons you have learned about life that you want her to know. -Tell her what kind of woman you want her to become. -Bless her as your conclusion. (This means to wish her good things.) Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Journals are worth 3 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

8 Journal # What are the things that make life worth living? Think of a couple and discuss how they affect your life? How do you keep yourself remembering these things? Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Journals are worth 3 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

9 Journal # If you were to become any animal based on what you were like on the inside, what would it be? What does this say about you? Are you comfortable with this about yourself? Is this something you’d like to change? Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Journals are worth 3 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

10 Journal # When are you a writer? Why do you write? Think of posting, texting, ing, and any other form of writing you may do in or out of school. What, if anything, do you like about writing and why? What do find difficult about writing and why? Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Journals are worth 3 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

11 Journal # What are your family’s expectations for you and your future? Are these expectations helpful? Can they create problems for you? How bound/required do you feel to fulfill these expectations? Are there any other expectations that influence your decisions? Culture? Religion? Tradition? Friends? Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Journals are worth 3 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

12 Journal # If you were to design your own education… What would you choose to learn? How would you learn it? From whom? How would the things you learned, serve you in your post- education career and/or life? How can you make your current educational experience more like your desired one? Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Journals are worth 3 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

13 Journal # Finishing well… As you look towards the end of the year, what things do you want to do between now and when you say farewell to Holy Names? What do you want to do to prepare yourself for life after high school? What do you want to do to complete your experience here? What business do you need finished? Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Journals are worth 3 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

14 Metamorphosis Prompt Choose one or two of the following questions to answer. What seems important to Gregor’s family as he lay in bed? What about when they view his metamorphosis? How does Gregor adapt to his new body. Please use 2 specifics with page numbers referenced. Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Lit Prompts are worth 10 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

15 Metamorphosis Prompt Please take out a piece of paper, and a lap top if you would prefer to write on the lap top. You are going to write a short essay (3 paragraph) on a main idea in Kafka’s Metamorphosis. This is worth 25 points. Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Lit Prompts are worth 10 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

16 Smells of Home Prompt Please take out a piece of paper. You are going to write a short essay (3 paragraph) on how Roy uses style (diction, sensory language, imagery, point of view) to do produce an effect. This will include a short introductory paragraph, a middle support paragraph and a short conclusion paragraph. It should also include two quotes to support your ideas. This is worth 20 points. Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Lit Prompts are worth 10 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

17 Picnic on the Battlefield Prompt Please take out a piece of paper. You are going to write a short essay (3 paragraph) on how Arrabel’s play is an example of Absurdist Drama or on your own question - details on next page. This will include a short introductory paragraph, a middle support paragraph and a short conclusion paragraph. It should also include two quotes to support your ideas. This is worth 20 points. Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Lit Prompts are worth 10 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

18 Picnic on the Battlefield Absurdist drama works to show that life makes no sense. How does this play show this? If you would rather write on your own question, you may do so instead. Again, include a short introductory paragraph, a middle support paragraph and a short conclusion paragraph. It should also include two quotes/specifics to support your ideas. Bell Work Bell Work should begin at the bell and is done quietly. You will be graded on this in your participation grade. Lit Prompts are worth 10 pts and are graded on thoroughness of answer, and writing style

19 Please consider using the following format which will ensure that you meet all of the requirements of the prompt. Intro Paragraph Provide opening lines that draw reader in. Provide background information necessary (at least author and text reference) State your thesis and make sure it is specific and clear. Thesis: I.e. In Kafka’s Metamorphosis, the ease with which Gregor gives up his life at the end of the story shows that he thought his life was important to begin with. Body Paragraph Introduce paragraph with topic sentence that introduces first evidence. Topic Sentence: Kafka shows the idea that Gregor doesn’t think his life is important by his never thinking of himself. 2. Provide a specific (or a quote) including the scene and lines. A specific is a statement, conversation, speech, action, etc. 3. Analyze (interpret) to show how this supports your thesis. (I.e. what this means is…) 4. Transition to next quote or give another reason why. (I.e another example of this is…) Transition: Even as it becomes clear that Gregor’s own family doesn’t care about him, he still cares more about them than he does his own life. 5. Include second specific instance or quote to support. 6. Analyze specific instance to show how this supports thesis. Concluding Paragraph (3 sentences) Restate thesis, and include your final thoughts, relating your thesis to larger ideas in the story or life.

20 May I become at all times, both now and forever A protector for those without protection A guide for those have lost their way A ship for those with oceans to cross A bridge for those with rivers to cross A sanctuary for those in danger A lamp for those without light A place of refuge for those who lack shelter And a servant to all in need. –Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama

21 Bell Work Vocab Lesson 1-6 Please have your books out and be ready to correct at the bell.

22 Bell Work Vocab Lesson 6 Review Please have your books out to prepare for Vocab Review

23 Some feel that largesse amongst privilege upper class people ends up being more condescending than helpful. I saw the students asking questions but realized they were temporizing because the quiz was next. He accosted me outside the supermarket to sign a petition for human rights in Tibet. Her overt attempt to copy off my paper made me feel sorry for her and her future. She tried to impress him with the verbiage she had learned from her new job at Jamba Juice. He just thought the feckless girl should have have gone to college. Distraught by his insulting attitude, the teacher thought it incumbent on her to give him the bad news about his grade. He was not able to glean the meaning of the foreign film, so he quickly looked up a synopsis on his Iphone to impress his girlfriend. Some think vocabulary is an esoteric discipline, but we are judged by the words we use more than we realize. The teacher’s idiosyncratic manner of spitting when she spoke excitedly caused students to opt for the back row. She was a neophyte to football, but she had studied up in order to impress the quarterback because she really wanted to be prom queen. The elementary production of Rent was a travesty because they cut all of the naughty parts out to make it age appropriate.

24 First Personal Essay What does it mean to end well? Finishing well means ______________ and to do this I must _______________. 3 Paragraph Essay Intro At least one body paragraph Conclusion

25 Something something. (NO INTRO) I have officially gotten to the age where I am conscious of the fact that life is not forever. Not that, I am looking forward to dying, but the truth is I am aware of the fact that my life is passing faster than I ever imagined possible. This puts me in mind of the fact that more than anything, I would like to finish life well. (MIDDLE PART KIND OF OBVIOUS AND NOT INTERESTING) Finishing well means having made the best use of what I have been give in life, and to do this I must know what I have to work with and use this to help others and live out my passions. (THESIS VAGUE) I have been blessed with a lot of things, but I don’t often think about them or make a list. For example, I have a wonderful family, good health, opportunities to do things I love (like writing) and a job I enjoy (not to be taken for granted). Some of these things are things I haven’t had any responsibility for, and some of these things have been the results of har work, and choices I think I’ve made well. When I think of using what I have to help others, I realize that to finish well I want to live with my family in a way that builds them up and encourages them. I am grateful for everything they do for me I want to make sure that I am paying them back at least in that way. (INSERT SPECIFIC HERE) I also have a lot of resources that would allow me to help people outside of my own world.

26

27 Laura James' painting Maypole Mother uses symbolic imagery to explore the complex relationship between a mother and her children. The mother figure sits in a chair as the center, painted with soft colors and pronounced curves. On the edges of the room, three small figures exit via arched doorways. The dashing figures appear childlike with their long braids and maryjane shoes. As the children leave the room, the outside world also encroaches with the clouds moving in through the doorways, the ceiling removed for a visible sky, and grass-like plants visible along the edges of the walls. The painter shows the inevitability of the children's departure in this way. The mother's expression is pensive even as she sits still and can do nothing to stop the inevitability of this leaving. At the same time, however, strings extend from knitting held by the mother and connect her to her children in ways that may almost seem unconscious to the children. This symbolically depicts the continued ties to their mother these children have that are not severed even as they leave.

28 First Personal Essay (50 pts.) I am not by nature a sentimental person, but there is one very important picture displayed prominently on my fireplace mantel at home. The picture shows my husband and I sitting on a lumpy gray couch. Between us are two twin girls who have recently turned three. The girls are wearing matching pink tee-shirts with the word Princess emblazoned in glitter across them. One looks sleepy, with eyes half closed, as she leans against my husband’s chest. The little girl next to me has bright eyes and is captured with her mouth wide as she roars at the camera. This picture is of my husband and I first meeting our daughters: Aliah and Malia. We had become foster parents to provide children a safe home for as long as they needed it. On this day, however, we met Aliah and Maliah with the understanding that they would likely become a part of our family forever. This picture records the moment my husband and I committed ourselves to love and care for two girls we didn’t even know, but who would also change our lives with their love. When I look at this picture, I am reminded of the fact that the gift of giving and receiving love are the two things that make my life worth living.

29 The Conduct of Life by Maria Irene Fornes We are practicing: Evaluating an Author's Argument and Understanding Author's Work in Context Big Idea: Humanity

30 The Conduct of Life By Maria Irene Fornes Setting: A Latin American Country Time: Present (1985) Other Context Indicators: Description of Scenery, Costuming, Language (Syntax and Diction of Dialogue)

31 In Human Life Big Idea: Humanity hu·man·i·ty (n.) 1. Humans considered as a group; the human race. 2. The condition or quality of being human. 3. The quality of being humane; benevolence. 4. A humane characteristic, attribute, or act.

32 Why is repetition (said) done a lot in this play? C What happened to Orlando in his past that made him this way as an adult? C/D What was the job of Orlando? Was Orlando a part of something or an anti-government group? F Why did Orlando rape Nina? B/A Why did Orlando take Nena from the streets? B Why didn’t Olympia tell anybody about Nena’s story? B/A Why did Leticia finally kill Orlando at the end of the play? Was it spontaneous? B/A What makes Orlando violent and Nina quiet? B/A Evaluating Questions The Conduct of Life

33 Why is repetition (said) done a lot in this play? C What happened to Orlando in his past that made him this way as an adult? C/D What was the job of Orlando? Was Orlando a part of something or an anti-government group? F Why did Orlando rape Nina? B/A Why did Orlando take Nena from the streets? B Why didn’t Olympia tell anybody about Nena’s story? B/A Why did Leticia finally kill Orlando at the end of the play? Was it spontaneous? B/A What makes Orlando violent and Nina quiet? B/A Evaluating Questions The Conduct of Life

34 Girl By Jamaica Kincaid We are practicing: -Evaluating Author’s Argument -Literature in Context

35 Jamaica Kincaid n/kincaid/bio.html Jamaica Kincaid's twisted quest for self began with her May 25, 1949 birth in Antigua. She was then christened Elaine Potter Richardson, but when she fled the island at the age of seventeen, she left her family as well as her name behind and entered North America as Jamaica Kincaid. Her life should seem familiar to those who know her heavily autobiographical work. She worked first in New York City as an au pair, for an upper class family much like the one pictured in Lucy.

36 Jamaica Kincaid She left this work to study photography at the New School for Social Research and then went on to Franconia College in New Hampshire (but did not take a degree) before returning to New York. There she became a regular contributor to the New Yorker magazine, writing for nearly twenty years ( ) before the arrival of new management convinced her to leave. She now resides in Bennington Vermont with her husband and children.

37 Jamaica Kincaid Kincaid's status as an exile informs so much of her writing. It allows (or perhaps forces) her to maintain distance from both her past and her present, as she critically examines the suffocating smallness (and small-mindedness) of her native Antigua, then juxtaposes it against the ignorant opulence of North America. Her narrators too seem alienated from all those around them, seeking both control over and freedom from these human connections known as relationships. But no discussion, no matter how brief, can be complete without mention of the central relationship in Kincaid's life--that with her mother.

38 Jamaica Kincaid Kincaid's tight, lyrical prose guides the reader through her tortured recollections of her mother, as that relationship takes on the dual gravity of mother-daughter relationships that many readers can relate to as well as of the hegemonic interactions between mother country (here England) and daughter island (Antigua). Stacking these parallel visions on top of each other and infusing them with her own feelings of anger and suffocation, Kincaid draws the reader through the struggle for personal development not only of her narrators but of the writer herself.

39 The Metamorphosis "A first sign of the beginning of understanding is the wish to Die". Franz Kafka Diaries Franz Kafka ( ) Czech-born German writer is best known for his short story Metamorphosis (1912) and the widespread familiarity of the literary term Kafkaesque, inspired by his nightmarishly complex and bizarre yet absurd and impersonal short stories. We are practicing: - Evaluating Author’s Argument - Describing an Author’s Style

40 “The Smells of Home” Sandip Roy - is an editor with New America Media and host of its radio show New America Now and co-host of the call-in program Your Call on KALW 91.7 FM. He is also a commentator for NPR's Morning Edition. His work has appeared in mainstream and ethnic media like the San Francisco Chronicle, San Jose Mercury News, India Abroad, India Currents, The Times of India and several anthologies including Contours of the Heart, Q&A, Story wallah!, Mobile Cultures, The Phobic and the Erotic, Transnational South Asians etc. We are practicing: -Analyzing Character Development -Describing an Author’s Style - Sensory Detail, Diction, Images, Tone, Point of View

41 Picnic on the Battlefield Picnic on the Battlefield Fernando Arrabal (born August 11, 1932) is a Spanish (living in France) poet playwright and novelist, who frequently wrote in the absurdist tradition. Theater of the Absurd came about as a reaction to World War II. It took the basis of existential philosophy and combined it with dramatic elements to create a style of theatre which presented a world which doesn’t make sense and is futile. We are practicing: Analyzing Author’s Argument Understanding Literature in Context: Genre

42 Dead Man’s Path Chinua Achebe was born in Ogidi, Nigeria, the son of a teacher in a missionary school. A Nigerian novelist and poet, whose works explore the impact of European culture on African society. Achebe's unsentimental, often ironic books vividly convey the traditions and speech of the Ibo people. Born in Ogidi, Nigeria, Achebe was educated at the University College of Ibadan (now the University of Ibadan). He subsequently taught at various universities in Nigeria and the United States. Achebe wrote his first novel, Things Fall Apart (1958), partly in response to what he saw as inaccurate characterizations of Africa and Africans by British authors. The book describes the effects on Ibo society of the arrival of European colonizers and missionaries in the late 1800s. We are practicing: Analyzing Author’s Argument Analyzing Character Development

43 2. What is the relationship between realism and fantasy in this story? What are some details that make the fantastic story credible? 3. What are Gregor's concerns in section I? To what degree do they differ from what would matter to him if he had not been transformed into an insect? 4. Why does Gregor dismiss the idea of calling for help when he tries to get out of bed? 5. What seems most important to members of his family as he lies in bed? 6. How do you view the reactions of Gregor's parents to their first view of his metamorphosis? What circumstances in ordinary life might elicit a similar response? 7. What is the significance of the view from Gregor's window? 8. Trace Gregor's adaptation to his new body. In what ways do the satisfactions of his life as an insect differ from the satisfactions of his life as a traveling salesman? 9. When Gregor's father pushes him back into his room at the end of section I, why does Kafka call it "literally a deliverance"?

44 A Homespun Love Alicia Partnoy Because this humble and homespun love -just as you see it, simple, unadorned- is what keeps our feet on the ground, is what engenders the fruit of our nonconformity, and throws us a lifeboard amidst the shipwreck. Every so often our love blazes like thousands of stars, gets dressed up to go out and uncorks bottles of effervescence, cases of laughter. You see, every so often, when the moment is right, our love recalls that is it, like we are, a survivor. Rage Alicia Partnoy I carry my rage like a dead fish, limp and stinking in my arms. I press it against my breast, whisper to it, people on the streets flee from me … I don't know: is it the smell of death that makes them flee or is it the fear that my body's warmth might bring rage back to life? Maria Hathaway Spencer

45 Rage Alicia Partnoy I carry my rage like a dead fish, limp and stinking in my arms. I press it against my breast, whisper to it, people on the streets flee from me … I don't know: is it the smell of death that makes them flee or is it the fear that my body's warmth might bring rage back to life? Maria Hathaway Spencer

46 Alicia Partnoy (born 1955 in Bahía Blanca, Argentina) is a human rights activist, poet, and translator. After Argentinian President Juan Perón died, the students from the left of the Peronist political party organized with fervor within the country's universities and with workers, were persecuted and imprisoned. There was a military coup in 1976 and people began to disappear.Partnoy was one of those who suffered through the ordeals of becoming a political prisoner. Partnoy became an activist of the Peronist Youth Movement while attending Southern National University. Maria Hathaway Spencer

47 Alicia Partnoy (born 1955 in Bahía Blanca, Argentina) is a human rights activist, poet, and translator. (cont.)] She was taken from her home and her two- year old daughter on January 12, 1977, by the Army and imprisoned at a concentration camp named The Little School (La Escuelita).[2][3] For three and a half months, Partnoy was blindfolded. She was brutally beaten, starved, molested, and forced to live in inhuman conditions. She spent a total of two and a half years as a prisoner of conscience, with no charges. In 1979, she was forced to leave the country and moved to the U.S. where she was reunited with her daughter and her husband. In 1985, she told her story of what had happened to her at The Little School, in an eponymous book.[4] The world began to open its eyes to the treatment of women in reference to the disappearances of Latin America. Maria Hathaway Spencer

48 Nguyen Minh Son behind me the autumn wind blows me home -issa

49 A Blessing – John O'Donahue On the day when the weight deadens on your shoulders and you stumble, may the clay dance to balance you. And when your eyes freeze behind the grey window and the ghost of loss gets in to you, may a flock of colours, indigo, red, green, and azure blue come to awaken in you a meadow of delight. When the canvas frays in the currach of thought and a stain of ocean blackens beneath you, may there come across the waters a path of yellow moonlight to bring you safely home. May the nourishment of the earth be yours, may the clarity of light be yours, may the fluency of the ocean be yours, may the protection of the ancestors be yours. And so may a slow wind work these words of love around you, an invisible cloak to mind your life.

50 Confession To say I'm without fear-- It wouldn't be true. I'm afraid of sickness, humiliation. Like anyone, I have my dreams. But I've learned to hide them, To protect myself From fulfillment: all happiness Attracts the Fates' anger. They are sisters, savages-- In the end they have No emotion but envy. Louis Gluck dmitry guskov

51 Semester Exam 1. Vocabulary 2. Writing/Grammar Lessons 3. Anthology Literature Chiura Obata

52 Semester Exam 1. Vocabulary 2. Writing/Grammar Lessons 3. Anthology Literature Chiura Obata

53 Semester Exam Semester Exam Review 80 Points and 10% Total Semester Grade Your exam will be broken down into three sections: 1. Vocabulary (1-6) 30 Questions - 15 Points This will be your standard Sadlier/Oxford quiz. Chiura Obata

54 Semester Exam 2. Writing/Grammar Lessons 7 Questions - 15 Points * This will require you to identify the parts of a sentence: phrase, clause, and the types of sentences simple, complex, compound, compound/complex. * This section will also require you to identify and fix common sentence errors: fragment, comma splice, fused, and run-on sentences. The example sentences that will require repair will come from Grammar Bytes sections that we have practiced. Please see Grammar Bytes (chompchomp.com) to practice in advance. Chiura Obata

55 Semester Exam 3. Anthology Literature 6 Short Answer Questions - 30 Points and 1 (3 Paragraph) Essay - 20 Points Please be prepared to show off your skills in analyzing an author's argument, showing how context helps us understand literature, describing an author's style, and analyzing a characters development with the literature we've studied this quarter. Please bring your anthology to class on exam day as you will need to provide specifics/quotes for these pieces of literature. The literature you will be responsible for on your exam follows: Conduct of Life Metamorphosis Girl Smells of Home Homespun Love Picnic on a Battlefield Dead Man's Path Chiura Obata

56 Semester Exam Your questions will come in the form of short answers, and one longer essay that compares two pieces of literature on one theme. Short Answers: These will be answered in three to four sentences, and will address a specific idea we discussed in class about the literature we have read and the skills we've worked on reading it. Your answer should include a thesis (answer) and evidence. You will need to use specifics or quotes as a part of your evidence. Example Question: How does Kafka use syntax in Metamorphosis? How does Savitri's character develop throughout "Smells of Home"? How does knowing the personal context of Alicia Partnoy help us understand her poetry? Chiura Obata

57 Review of Instructional Points: *Analyzing an author’s arguments: Metamorphosis, Conduct of Life, Picnic on the Battlefield, “Dead Man’s Path” *Understanding literature in context: Personal Context (Partnoy) Cultural Context (“Girl”, Conduct of Life) Genre Context (Picnic on the Battlefield) *Describing author’s style: Tone (Metamorphosis) Diction/Specifics (Metamorphosis) Syntax (Metamorphosis) Imagery (“Smells of Home”) Diction/Sensory (“Smells of Home”) *Analyzing character development (“Smells of Home”/Dead Man's Path)

58 Semester Exam Essay:You will write a short essay (3 paragraph) comparing two pieces of literature. You will be able to choose any two pieces of literature. Chiura Obata

59 1st Semester Exam You will need: Anthology Pen/Pencil Paper (for vocab and essay) Graphic Organizers (Placed under blank paper until essay is being written) GOOD LUCK! Chiura Obata


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