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EPSU – young workers and precarious work Nick Clark Working Live Research Institute.

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Presentation on theme: "EPSU – young workers and precarious work Nick Clark Working Live Research Institute."— Presentation transcript:

1 EPSU – young workers and precarious work Nick Clark Working Live Research Institute

2 Main themes u 3 Key sectors: u Energy & water u Public administration, defence, social security u Health & social care u year olds u Employment u Precarity u Collective bargaining u Training, progression & careers

3 EU 27 and selected countries u Bulgaria u Czech Republic u France u Germany u Greece u Italy u Netherlands u Spain u UK

4 Youth in the European labour market u High level of unemployment (21% compared to 10%, ranging from 8% Austria to 46% Spain) u Low activity rate (50-60%, compared to 70%+) u Increasing participation in tertiary education u In work, more likely to u Have temporary contract (4 times more likely) u Work part-time involuntarily u Be low paid u Less likely to u Be self-employed u Hit hard during the crisis

5 Change in youth unemployment rates (EU 27)

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7 Part time as % of all workers, yrs

8 Proportion year olds with temporary contract (Eurostat Q2 2010)

9 Change in temporary employment

10 Activity status young people EU 27, 2008 (from EMCO report no 5,2010)

11 Policy context in Europe u Youth on the Move – Commission’s 2010 initiative, primarily aimed at improving educational levels, but also to launch “Youth employment framework” u Interventions to support young workers in OECD countries report (World Bank 2007) found direct employment strategies in US and Canada, but not Europe u European Employment Observatory Review, Youth employment measures, 2010 (published Feb 2011) – no policy initiatives reported relating to state as employer u Eurofound study (2011) finds active labour market strategies common government response (sometimes contested by unions), but again no mention of public sector’s role as employer u “Overall, governments’ policies towards young workers have tended to emphasise the importance of getting young people into work, no matter the quality of the jobs available.”

12 YOUNG WORKERS & PUBLIC SERVICES

13 Youth employment by sector 2005 (EU-25)

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20 Ranked by proportion of youth in population

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27 Sectoral change in employment by age in France (Schulze-Marmeling, HERA on EIRO)

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31 Use of agency labour (CIETT figures)

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35 Job security and age: French civil service (2008)

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38 Youth as % all temps: health & social work q q2 2011, EU 27

39 Youth as % all temps: public admin, defence, social sec. q q2 2011, EU 27

40 Youth as % all temps: water, waste q q2 2011, EU 27

41 Youth as % all temps: electricity, gas, etc. q q2 2011, EU 27

42 summary from data u Unemployment becoming more widespread amongst Europe’ young workers u As measures (but not definitions) of precarity, temporary contracts and involuntary part time working more prevalent u Public services perform worse than economy as a whole in employing young workers – public administration universally the worst u Young workers more affected by crisis – particularly in public services

43 Interviews – key themes u Forms of precarious work amongst young workers in target sectors, u Social dialogue: u Recruitment of young workers u Training for young workers u transition of young workers from precarious to more stable work u Precarious work: u Temporary contracts (including agencies) u Stages, apprenticeships u actions by unions

44 Preliminary outcome from interviews u absence of recruitment of young workers u precarious forms of work u previous agreements being abandoned or breached u ending of government support programme u amendments to legal protections u development of youth networks


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