2 Personality Test Types Trait-MotiveSymptom FocusClinicalNormalMMPI-2MCMI-IIIBPIObjective16PFCPIHTPTATER’sProjectiveRorschachHoltzman
3 3 Domains of of Assessment Cattell & Johnson, 1986; Leary, 1957Ability: What the person can doMotive: What the person desiresPersonality: What the person is like (Character)What on earth ishe talking about!?!
4 3 Types of Personality Data Life Data: Personality as it is revealed in everyday behaviorQuestion Data: Person’s self-report of any typeTest Data: Person’s responses to contrived situations, a non-conscious presentation or inferential (Projectives, IQ, Situation)Cattell & Johnson, 1986; Leary, 1957
5 16PF & Related Constructed using factor analysis 16 Primary Scales Different factors for adults and children16 Primary Scales5 Second Order FactorsOne of most used and researched instrumentsA great deal of validity data
6 Administration & Scoring 1 hour supervised6th grade reading levelCaution on using “b”4 published keys (2 can be hand made)Calculation of Secondary Factors(No TV, movies, etc.)This does notseem so bad.
7 Stability of Primary Scales Scale 2 Week 2 MonthABCEFGHIScale 2 Week 2 MonthLMNOQQQQOnly 1 scale under .75 (B) at 2 weeks.
8 Stability of Secondary Scales Scale 2 Weeks 2 MonthsExtraversionAnxietyTough-MindednessIndependenceSelf-ControlAt 2 weeks 84 to 91 percent of variance accounted for!At 2 months only anxiety is below .70!
9 Consistency of Primary Scales Cronbach’s AlphaScale AlphaA *BCE *F *GHIScale AlphaLMNOQ *QQ *Q* Most heterogeneous
10 16PF Uses Sten Scores Mean is 5.5 and the standard deviation is 2 Sten 3 is the 11 percentile & 8 the 89 percentileSten 2 is the 4 percentile and 9 the 96 percentile1 is the 1 percentile and 10 the 99 percentileI think I am Numbered out!
13 Primary Scales Con’tFactor O: Self-Assured-Apprehensive Factor Q1: Attached to Familiar-Open to ChangeFactor Q2: Group Oriented-Self ReliantFactor Q3: Tolerates Disorder-Self Disciplined, PerfectionisticFactor Q4: Relaxed, Placid-Tense (Muscle), High Energy, Impatient
14 Secondary Factor Equations 1 Extravertion: (.3A+.3F+.2H-.3N-.3Q2+4.4)Anxiety: (-.4C+.3L+.4O+.4Q4+1.65)Self-Control: (-.2F+.4G-.3M+.4Q3+3.85)Independence: (.6E+.3H+.2L+.3Q1-2.2)Tough-Mindedness: (-.2A-.5I-.3M-.5Q )Take me to your numbers1 Use the STEN Scores from Primary Scales.
15 Scoring Example Extraversion Extravertion: (.3A+.3F+.2H-.3N-.3Q2+4.4)Scale Sten Weight TotalAFHNQConstantStenRounded: 8.0