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**Dynamics of a four-bar linkage**

A Matlab Program for Dynamics of a four-bar linkage A B C O

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**Mass matrix and external force vector**

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Jacobian matrix and γ

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Computation

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**A convenient way with Matlab solver**

Solve initial value problems for ordinary differential equations with ode45(commended), ode23, ode113… The equations are described in the form of z‘=f(t,z)

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**The syntax for calling solver in Matlab**

A vector of initial conditions Solution array [T,Z] = column vector of time points A vector specifying the interval of integration A function that evaluates the right side of the differential equations function dz=Func4Bar(t,z) global L1 L2 L3 L4 torque gravity phi1=z(3); phi2=z(6); phi3=z(9); dphi1=z(12); dphi2=z(15); dphi3=z(18); M=diag([L1 L1 L1^3/12 L2 L2 L2^3/12 L3 L3 L3^3/12]); J=[ *L1*sin(phi1) ; *L1*cos(phi1) ; *L1*sin(phi1) *L2*sin(phi2) ; *L1*cos(phi1) *L2*cos(phi2) ; *L2*sin(phi2) *L3*sin(phi3); *L2*cos(phi2) *L3*cos(phi3); *L3*sin(phi3); *L3*cos(phi3)];

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**The syntax for calling solver in Matlab**

J=[ *L1*sin(phi1) ; *L1*cos(phi1) ; *L1*sin(phi1) *L2*sin(phi2) ; *L1*cos(phi1) *L2*cos(phi2) ; *L2*sin(phi2) *L3*sin(phi3); *L2*cos(phi2) *L3*cos(phi3); *L3*sin(phi3); *L3*cos(phi3)]; gamma=[ 0.5*L1*cos(phi1)*dphi1^2; 0.5*L1*sin(phi1)*dphi1^2; 0.5*L1*cos(phi1)*dphi1^2+0.5*L2*cos(phi2)*dphi2^2; 0.5*L1*sin(phi1)*dphi1^2+0.5*L2*sin(phi2)*dphi2^2; 0.5*L2*cos(phi2)*dphi2^2+0.5*L3*cos(phi3)*dphi3^2; 0.5*L2*sin(phi2)*dphi2^2+0.5*L3*sin(phi3)*dphi3^2; 0.5*L3*cos(phi3)*dphi3^2; 0.5*L3*sin(phi3)*dphi3^2]; g=[0 gravity*L1 torque 0 gravity*L gravity*L3 0]'; Matrix=[M J'; J zeros(size(J,1),size(J,1))]; d2q=Matrix\[g;gamma]; dz=[z(10:18,:); d2q(1:9,:)];

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**Time response of displacement**

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**Time response of velocity**

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**Time response of acceleration**

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Time response of λ

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**A slider-crank mechanism**

B C O G

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**Time response of displacement**

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**Time response of velocity**

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**Time response of acceleration**

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Time response of λ

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Numerical Solution of Nonlinear Equations

Numerical Solution of Nonlinear Equations

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