Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 3 L3 EUROPEAN EXPLORERS. Objectives Summarize the efforts of Europeans to explore lands far from Europe Describe the importance of the Renaissance."— Presentation transcript:
CHAPTER 3 L3 EUROPEAN EXPLORERS
Objectives Summarize the efforts of Europeans to explore lands far from Europe Describe the importance of the Renaissance and relate it to the advances in navigation Identify the effects of Prince Henry the navigator’s efforts to explore Africa “What do you know about Vikings?” What kinds of problems do you think explorers encounter when traveling in the ocean?
The Vikings Leif Ericsson Eric the Red son Another famous explorer, he was probably the first Europeans to set foot on North America Landed on Newfoundland, which in present day is Canada. He renamed it Vinland, according to legend, he had found many grapes, Vinland means “Land of Wine” Eventually the Vikings and the Native Americans had a dispute and by 1015, the Vikings had left Vinland and returned home
The Vikings Vikings Eric the Red Vikings are skilled sailors From Scandinavia (northern Europe Sailed to Asia, North Africa, and North America A famous explorer, when he reached Iceland he got kicked out and sailed to a place called Greenland, but it was the opposite, it was very cold. But he wanted everyone from Iceland to come and live there so he kept the name.
The Vikings Sagas Renaissance Sagas are long speaking tales, passed down from one generation to the next A word that means “rebirth” Started in about 1350, in Italy lasted about 250 years The Renaissance was a “rebirth” because it marked a new beginning in arts and sciences and a desire to learn more about the world
Renaissance Johann Gutenberg Portuguese Explorer: Prince Henry He developed the printing press, a machine that made it possible to print large numbers of books faster Famous Portuguese explorer, he, along with many other experts improved ship building and navigation Navigation: is the science sailors use to plot their course and and find their location far from land
Portuguese Explorers Slave Trade Name two effects of Prince Henry’s drive to explore the coast of Africa Buying and selling of human beings Slavery started long ago with the Aztecs, many African Americans were captured and forced into slavery Africa’s coast was gradually explored. Portugal’s ships began bringing home African gold and the slave trade increased
Portuguese Explorers Bartolomeu Dias Famous Portuguese explorer Experienced many violent storms while at sea, trying to get to Africa’s southern tip. He claims he discovered Africa’s southern tip and called it “Cape of Storms” but it was then renamed Cape of Good Hope, which the King thought sounded better
Portuguese Explorers Vasco De Gama How were the Portuguese merchants who lived in Calicut able to make large profits on the spices they traded? Portuguese explorer He sailed along with 3 other ships around Cape of Good Hope and across the Indian Ocean. Settled in Calicut, India They moved to Calicut so they could buy spices at low prices. They shipped their spices by sea to Europe where the spices sold for a higher price