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International Economics

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Presentation on theme: "International Economics"— Presentation transcript:

1 International Economics
Professor Ivar Bredesen Room PI-536

2 International Economics
Specific subjects International trade theory. The basis for trade and the gains from trade International trade policy. The reasons for and the effects of trade restrictions Balance of payments. A nations total receipts and total payments to the rest of the world Foreign exchange markets. Exchange of one national currency for another Open economy macroeconomics. Stabilisation policies in the open economy

3 International Economics
Basically, the course is divided into two parts International trade theory and trade policy International Macroeconomics It will be assumed that students master basic microeconomics and macroeconomics We will mostly explore theory using graphical analysis with little use of mathematics 4-hour closed book exam in December Choice of 4 among 6 questions No continous assessment

4 International Economics

5 International Economics
Required reading Feenstra and Taylor: International Economics, 3rd ed. 2014 Chapter 1 – 6, 8, 9, 19, 21 Baldwin/Wyplosz, ch. 15 A study guide by Stephen Yeaple is also available for the Feenstra/Taylor book Textbook web:

6 Recommended reading Excellent non technical book written by one of the leading trade economists in the world, Elhanan Helpman Recommended as a supplement, but cannot replace textbook

7 International Economics
International Economics - economic interdependence among nations Globalisation Flow of goods and services across borders Movement of people and firms Spread of culture and ideas between countries Tight integration of financial markets Kofi Annan, former secretary general of the United Nations (2000) The main losers in today`s very unequal world are not those who are too much exposed to globalization. They are the ones who have been left out.

8 Worlds largest exporters

9 Trade in a Global Economy
Why do countries trade? They can get products from abroad cheaper or of higher-quality than those obtained domestically. The fact that Germany is among he largest exporter of goods shows its technology for producing high-quality manufactured goods. China produces goods more cheaply than most industrialized countries. In the first part of the course, we will examine several models explaining international trade How do we measure the volume of trade? Bilateral trade flows can be hard to interpret Another way to measure trade is by looking at its ratio to GDP.

10 Trade vs. GDP

11 Trade and the financial crisis
FIGURE 1-5 Change in the Value of Trade, 2007–2009 (percent) As a result of a worldwide financial crisis and economic recession, the value of trade plummeted between early 2008 and early 2009.

12 International Trade The First “Golden Age” of Trade was from , and the second one in the period after WW2 Trade had a setback in the interwar period, partly due to trade barriers. This decline in the world economy lead the Allied countries to meet after WWII to develop policies to keep tariffs low. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) which became the World Trade Organization (WTO) Trade barriers refer to all factors that influence the amount of goods and services shipped across international borders.

13 Barriers to Trade Figure 1.4 Average Worldwide Tariffs, 1860–2000
Figure 1.4: Average Worldwide Tariffs, 1860–2000 This diagram shows the world average tariff for 35 countries from 1860 to The average tariff fluctuated around 15% from 1860 to After World War I, however, the average tariff rose sharply because of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act in the United States and the reaction by other countries, reaching 25% by Since the end of World War II, tariffs have fallen. Source: Michael A. Clemens and Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2004, “Why did the Tariff-Growth Correlation Change after 1950?” Journal of Economic Growth, 9(1), 5–46.

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