Presentation on theme: "Causes of WWII in the Pacific"— Presentation transcript:
1Causes of WWII in the Pacific Causes, Practices and Effects of War
2Historical debate of Japan’s responsibility Japan as aggressorJapan as imperial powerJapan planned the war from 1930’sJapan’s willingness to negotiate was a plan to keep enemy off guardAggressor- aim to conquer AsiaJapanese declaration of war blamed US- Japan wanted to liberate Asia from Western dominationEuropean style imperialismJapan didn’t plan for war, just took too many risksJapan was creating a sphere of influence (like US did in Latin America)Japan fought a defensive war- triggered by US embargoes. They had to act
3TIMELINE of Events prior to Pacific War See textbook p. 1301919- Versailles Treaty confirms Japan’s war gains1926- Hirohito becomes Emperor1931- Kwantung Army invades Manchuria1936- Japan rejects fundamental objectives, signs Anti-Comintern Pact with Germany1937- Jun- Konoe Fumimora becomes Prime MinisterAug- Japan captures ShangaiDec- rape of Nanjing1939- Japan blockades Britain in Tientsin1940- Sep- Tripartite German-Italian- Japanese Axis1941- Mar- Signs non-aggression treaty with SovietsDec- bombing of Pearl Harbor
4Background Info Mid 17th Century Japan is isolated from outside world American Commodore Mathew Perry arrives in (wants to open up trade)Japan signs Treaty of Kanagawa (1854)- opening up to the outside worldImproves militaryDefeat China in the Sino- Japanese War ( )Defeat Russia in 1905 with Britain's support (Anglo- Japanese Alliance)
5Read pagesIn groups answer the question assigned to you- fill in the Essay Outline- be prepared to present your answersTo what extent was Japan pursuing nationalist and imperialist goals?How far was the military the driving force in Japan’s foreign policy by 1940?To what extent was the USA responsible for the war in the Pacific?How far can Hirohito be held responsible for the causes of the war between Japan and the USA in 1941?
6Long term causes WWI- Japan wants to increase its influence 1915 US and Japan relations sourJapan insists on political and economic position in ChinaUS sees this as a threat to their interests
7Long term causes1917 Lansing-Ishii Agreement—Japan could keep the gains they made up to 1917 (recognized by US) but no more allowedChina feels betrayed by USMaintained or gained land after VersaillesLack of foreign trade increases Japanese self reliance= economic boomBritain and US mistrust Japan
8Short term causes Sino-Japanese conflict 1937 Marco Polo bridge in Beijing—nationalism high— fighting. Large scale fighting—need for raw materials—war with USWar with China leads to a complete takeover of Japanese government by the military
9Immediate cause of war in Pacific US wants Japan out of China1940 US bans exports of scrap iron to JapanJapan must import raw materials to sustain war (heavily dependent on US)Tripartite PactGermany, Italy, Japan- “New order”, come to defenseUS gives loans to China, political parties eliminated in JapanJapan dividedAttack USSR or South-east Asia? (Germany attacks USSR, so they go south)Leads to US, Britain, Netherlands embargoJapan will run out of oil= Pearl Harbor
10Japan’s relationships GermanyUSSRUSSR as enemyTripartite Pact (keep US out of war)Hitler declares war on US 11 December 1941Friendly with RussiaAfter revolution (USSR) Japan feels threatened territorially and ideologicallyUSSR supplied China1941 Germany and USSR hostile- Japan relaxes- sign Neutrality Pact with USSRSoviets declare war on Japan Aug 1945
11TO WHAT EXTENT WAS JAPAN RESPONSIBLE FOR THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC?