Presentation on theme: "The Causes of World War II"— Presentation transcript:
1The Causes of World War II SOL USII.7aCreated byLinda Ellis GRT
2Political and economic conditions in Europe following World War I led to the rise of fascism and to World War II. Germany was devastated by the Terms of The Treaty of Versailles. In the Treaty they were blamed for starting the war, they had to pay 6 million for damage caused by the war and they had land taken away. The Germans felt that the Treaty was unfair.
3There were 2 main causes of World War II Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting from World War I2. The Rise of Fascism
4The causes of World War II Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting from World War IWorld wide depressionHigh war debt owed by GermanyHigh inflationMassive unemployment
5Causes of WWII World wide Depression The Great Depression was a severe worldwide world wide depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in about 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s or early 1940s. It was the longest, most widespread, and deepest depression of the 20th century, and is used in the 21st century as an example of how far the world's economy can decline. The depression originated in the United States, starting with the stock market crash of October 29, 1929 (known as Black Tuesday), but quickly spread to almost every country in the world.“Diligent young manseeks work"“Bennett buggies,” or "Hoover wagons", cars pulled by horses, were used by farmers too impoverished to purchase gasoline
6Causes of WWII continued High war debt owed by Germany World War I reparations refers to the payments and transfers of property and equipment that Germany was forced to make under the Treaty of Versailles (1919) following its defeat during World War I. In January 1921, the total sum due was decided by an Inter-Allied Reparations Commission and was set at 269 billion gold marks (2,790 gold marks equaled 1 kilogram of pure gold), (roughly equivalent to $393.6 Billion US Dollars as of 2005), a sum that many economists at the time deemed to be excessive. This economic burden was deemed unfair by most Germans
7Causes of WWII continued High Inflation Inflation is a rise in the prices (cost) of goods and services in an economy over a period of time. When the price level rises, each unit of money buys fewer goods and services; so, annual inflation is also an erosion in the purchasing power of money. When inflation is high people can only afford less.
8Causes of WWII continued Massive Unemployment Unemployment occurs when a person is available and willing to work but currently without work. The prevalence of unemployment is usually measured using the unemployment rate, which is defined as the percentage of those in the labor force who are unemployed.Data for (February 2010) showed a decline in the number of Americans who have submitted the first applications for unemployment benefits up from to in the previous week
9High War Debt owed by Germany Causes of World War II 1. Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting from World War IWorld wide depressionHigh InflationMassive UnemploymentHigh War Debt owed by Germany2. The rise of fascism
10Causes of World War II 2. The Rise of Fascism threatened peace in Europe and Asia Fascism is a political philosophy in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied and nationalism and, often racism are emphasized. Fascism
11Fascist Dictators of WWII Hideki TojoJapanBenito MussoliniItalyAdolf HitlerGermanyThese dictators led the countries that became known as the Axis Powers
12The two sides of the conflict in WWII were the Axis countries and the Allied Countries. The Axis countries were:GermanyItalyJapanThe Allied countries were:Great BritainUnited StatesSoviet Union
13Allied Leaders Franklin D. Roosevelt Winston Churchill Harry S. Truman Joseph Stalin
14There was a gradual change in American Policy from neutrality to direct involvement Isolationism (The Great Depression, legacy of WWIIsolationism is a national policy of avoiding political or economic entanglements with other countriesEconomic Aid to AlliesAmericans did not want to become directly involved in the war but they started giving economic aid to Allied countriesDirect involvement in the warDecember 7, 1941, Japan attacked American forces at Pearl Harbor Hawaii and forced America to go to war
15War in the PacificRising tension developed between the United States and Japan because of Japanese aggression in East Asia (China)On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the United States at Pearl Harbor without warningThe United States declared war on JapanGermany declared war on the United States