Presentation on theme: "Social class and life chances: Healthcare Criteria 3.1."— Presentation transcript:
Social class and life chances: Healthcare Criteria 3.1
Quick recap Compare and contrast Functionalism and Marxism – 5 minutes
Aims and outcomes This lesson (20/01/2015)Next lesson (23/01/2015) Must: Define ‘life chances’ Should: Explain how the healthcare came to be Could: Evaluate the positives and negatives of the healthcare Positives of the healthcare Health inequalities Black report Cervical Cancer
Time frame : lesson content 23 rd Jan 2015: introduction to health 27 th Jan 2015: health services todayare life chances really improved? 03/02/3015 Conclusion of health and workshop
The assessment See assessment: 800-1000 word essay Part 2 (including 3-4 page factsheet) is due on 24/02/2015 (week back from half term)
Life chances The term "Life chances" was coined by the sociologist Max Weber, and is defined as: The opportunities an individual has to improve their quality of life or the extent to which an individual has access to important social resources, such as healthy affordable food, shelter, education, employment and healthcare We tend to look at the life chances in terms of low social classes (relates to poverty), ethnic groups, disabilities, and gender. These are the most vulnerable groups in society
Life chances and health How does health affect life chances?
After WW2 before the NHS Life chances in terms of health especially for the majority poor were little before the NHS a system of private insurance whereby doctors were mainly servicing those who were rich enough to afford it http://www.bbc.co.uk/archi ve/nhs/5160.shtml- before the NHS... Doctors working on charity… http://www.bbc.co.uk/archi ve/nhs/5160.shtml- https://uk.news.yahoo.com /video/mr-cameron-keep- mitts-off-124502596.html https://uk.news.yahoo.com /video/mr-cameron-keep- mitts-off-124502596.html Further research:
Health before the NHS… No standard set for healthcare No postnatal check and anti natal : led to vitamin deficiencies and childhood death. No patient wellbeing and free prescriptions No decent help for mentally infirmed Only vaccine was diphtheria
The birth of the NHS July the 5th 1948 (just after WW2) The service was based on recommendations in the 1942 Beveridge report A system of Doctors as ‘public servants’ being paid by the state to provide a service to ALL society. http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/nhs/5139.shtm l- the birth of the NHS speech from 1948 http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/nhs/5139.shtm l
Birth of NHS increased Life expectancy Increased from around 61 years for men and 65 years for women To 76 years in men and 81 years in women Reference: ONS (2007) Male and female life expectancy at birth (years), United Kingdom: http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_population/LE_UK_2007.xls What kind of things were implemented by the NHS to raise this life expectancy?
Health now because of NHS life chances for those in the vulnerable categories have increased due to the NHS… Free prescriptions for the poor Free vitamins Mandatory cervical cancer checks Health visitor checks for babies and children to 16 (school) An out of hours free service Pain relief Mental health awareness Health directly monitored though other organisations- social services, school, work etc Pick up those children who are at the most vulnerable in our society Vaccinations… Gene research began : degenerative diseases are picked up through scans and at birth Contraception – major change in life chances
Therefore life chances were heightened from WW2 due to the creation of the NHS However….
Consider Should we ‘count our blessings’ and state that life chances for the vulnerable groups are at an all time high due to the birth of the NHS? Or should we question whether life chances for the vulnerable groups still limited even with the birth of the NHS?
To see if life chances are better or worse we should look at health inequalities An health inequality means that a person’s opportunity to access health care is limited thus their life chances (opportunity to improve one’s life) are affected
Health and social class The black report A chain of causation..
Health inequalities and ethnicity in the UK https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x3D3geT EIco https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x3D3geT EIco
Health and ethnicity regarding Cancer : Full booklet: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/prod_consump/groups/cr_common/@nre/@pol/documents/ generalcontent/crukmig_1000ast-3344.pdf http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/prod_consump/groups/cr_common/@nre/@pol/documents/ generalcontent/crukmig_1000ast-3344.pdf Language can be a significant barrier to accessing cancer services for many people from BME groups, particularly (but not limited to) asylum seekers and refugees. The report Focus on social inequalities found that 41 per cent of people with additional language needs had no one to help with interpreting when visiting a GP or health centre(43 per cent relied on relatives or friends and16 per cent on staff at the surgery or health centre).Perhaps as a result of this lack of information and supporta further study found that cancer patients from BMEgroups were less likely to understand their diagnosis andtreatment options. (National Audit Offi ce (2005) Tackling cancer: improving the patient journey)