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WWII was fought on multiple fronts.

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Presentation on theme: "WWII was fought on multiple fronts."— Presentation transcript:

1 WWII was fought on multiple fronts.

2 Multiple Front war A multiple front war divided the U.S. war efforts and fighting forces. The forces of the U.S. were divided between confronting Germany and Italy in North Africa and Europe and confronting Japan in the Pacific.

3 Multiple Front War A multiple front war created a huge demand for wartime supplies and resources. The demand for men and supplies on all fronts challenged the resources of the United States and made the U.S. the major supplier for all the Allied Powers.

4 Strategic Objective         1. Hitler first: Churchill & FDR wanted to concentrate on defeating Germany before giving Japan higher priority.

5 Axis Powers & Leaders Axis Powers - Germany, Italy, Japan. Axis Leaders: • Adolf Hitler - Fascist dictator of Germany. • Benito Mussolini - Fascist dictator of Italy. • Hirohito - Emperor of Japan.

6 Allied Powers & Leaders
Allied Powers - Great Britain, France, the U.S.S.R, and the United States [after 1941]. Allied Leaders: • Winston Churchill - Prime Minister of Great Britain. • Josef Stalin - Communist dictator of the U.S.S.R. • Franklin D. Roosevelt - President of the United States, President Harry Truman after Roosevelt’s death in 1945

7 Advantages to the Allied Powers with the United States involved in the war
1. The capacity for war production of the United States provided a significant advantage. 2. Fresh troops could be obtained from the United States. The Allied countries were tired because they had been fighting somewhere in Europe since 1939.

8 Allied Turning Points in the War
Battle of Stalingrad (Sept. 1942)   First major German defeat on land.

9 D-Day June 6, 1944 D-Day (June 6, 1944): Invasion of Normandy -- "Operation Overlord" a. Perhaps war’s most important battle             b. Commanded by General Dwight D. Eisenhower             c. 120,000 troops left England and stormed 5 beachheads at Normandy Coast.                 i. 800,000 more men within 3 weeks; 3 million total Signaled the beginning of the liberation of Europe

10 Liberation of Europe Invasion of Germany             a. Pre-invasion bombing                 i. Hamburg all but wiped out in summer                 ii. Berlin and other major cities and targets hit repeatedly especially factories and oil refineries.

11 Europe surrenders May 8, 1945

12 The Pacific Front Battle of Midway (June 4-7, 1942) – turning point in the Pacific war         Japan never won another battle in the Pacific after the defeat at Midway.            The US began Island Hopping towards the Japanese mainland

13 Island Hopping Island Hopping military strategy began in 1943 and involved the US forces attacking islands randomly as they made their way towards Japan. Allowed us to break through Japanese defenses and get closer to Japan

14 Island Hopping

15 "Kamakazie" attacks more frequent

16 The bombing of Japan . Bombing of Japan resulted in destruction of most major cities             -- March 1945, 100,000 die in a single Tokyo raid; 60% of buildings destroyed. At this point it did not look like the Japanese would surrender any time soon

17 Death of FDR Election of 1944 and death of FDR     A. FDR, with running-mate Harry S. Truman, defeated Republican Thomas Dewey.         -- FDR elected to an unprecedented fourth term in office.     B. April 12, FDR died at Warm Springs, GA     C. Vice President Harry Truman become president

18 Truman becomes President
Harry S. Truman ( )

19 Super Secret project to create the atomic bomb
The Manhattan Project Super Secret project to create the atomic bomb

20 Site of the "Manhattan Project"-
Los Alamos, NM

21 The explosion

22 "Fat Man"

23 "Little Boy"- "gadget" used
on Hiroshima

24 The Atomic bomb August 6, First atomic bomb ("Little Boy") dropped on Hiroshima         1. 80,000 killed immediately; 100,000 injured             -- Countless die later of radiation sickness or cancer         2. Bomb dropped by the Enola Gay         3. Japanese gov’t still did not surrender

25 V-J Day August 9, 2nd bomb ("Fat Man") dropped on Nagasaki; 60,000 dead     F. August 14, Japan surrendered         1. World War II is over.         2. Sept 2, Japanese formally surrendered aboard U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay.

26 Decision to drop the Atomic Bomb
The decision to drop the atomic bomb became controversial in later few decades.         1. Most compelling reason for dropping the bomb was that it saved countless U.S. lives who would have had to invade Japan.

27 photographed right after their return
Crew of "Enola Gay"- photographed right after their return

28 Hiroshima after the bomb

29 The aftermath of the Atomic bomb

30 Japan surrenders

31 Japan surrenders August 15, VJ Day

32 Important American Military Leaders
Omar Bradley Omar Nelson Bradley, ( ), American general, who during World War II commanded the U. S. 12th Army Group in Europe. Took part in the invasion of Normandy – D-Day

33 Dwight D. Eisenhower Dwight D. Eisenhower 1890-1969
American general and 34th President of the United States was the principal architect of the successful Allied invasion of Europe during World War II and of the subsequent defeat of Nazi Germany. He led the assault on the French coast at Normandy, on June 6, 1944, and held together the Allied units through the European campaign that followed.

34 Douglas MacArthur – 1964 During World War II, MacArthur fought in Southeast Asia against Japan. After the defeat of his forces in the Philippines, he made his famous statement to the troops who were left behind: “I shall return.” He became Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in the Southwest Pacific and took command of Australian, American, Dutch, and other Allied forces defending Australia, fighting mainly in and around New Guinea.

35 George Patton During World War II he served in North Africa and Sicily before becoming the commander of the Third Army. Patton distinguished himself in various World War II campaigns including the invasion of North Africa and the capture of Sicily.

36 Chester A. Nimitz In December 1941, however, he was designated as Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas, where he served throughout the war. On December 19, 1944, he was advanced to the newly created rank of Fleet Admiral. He commanded American forces during their long advance across the Pacific to full victory in August 1945.

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