Presentation on theme: "Propaganda “No matter how big the lie; repeat it often enough and the masses will regard it as the truth.” ― John F. Kennedy “In wartime, truth is so."— Presentation transcript:
1Propaganda“No matter how big the lie; repeat it often enough and the masses will regard it as the truth.” ― John F. Kennedy“In wartime, truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard of lies.” ― Winston Churchill
2Your Turn How do you get people to do what you want them to do? ManipulationHow did you do it?Why did you do it?
3Propaganda and WW2Government sponsored manipulation is called propagandaK.S Chart
4KSW chart—WW2 Propaganda KnowSo What? (why does this matter to you?)
5Guided Notes I’m going to pass out guided notes. I’ve left off the essential information…and given you the explanationFill in the blank
6Propaganda--definedinformation, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely by an organization or person to help or harm a person, group, movement.One of the key features of propaganda is that it most often (almost always, in fact) taps into the power that images have to reach us on an unconscious ( unaware) level.Propaganda’s cousin is advertising.Is everything that someone says propaganda?What distinguishes propaganda from information, aside from the fact that it is often disinformation, is that it is calculated to appeal to the emotions and circumvent rational judgment. One of the key features of propaganda is that it most often (almost always, in fact) taps into the power that images have to reach us on an unconscious level.You may be familiar with propaganda’s rich cousin, advertising.
7Quick check-in…unconscious and emotive in pictures I bet you already know how to evaluate images If you understand these, you know propaganda
8Propaganda Is anything left out of the definition? What is the difference between gossip, bullying and propaganda?
9Common objectives Why propaganda in WW2 Getting men to fight as soldiersRaising money to pay for the warStop people from complainingConserve (save) resourcesGet citizens to support the war effort
10Common Tools Demonization—enemy/others as evil, bad Emotional appeals—playing on feelingsName calling—words to encourage hatePatriotic appeals—patriotic words or symbolsHalf-truths and lies—deception or twisting truthCatchy slogan—memorable phrasesEvocative visuals—images appeal to emotionsHumor or caricatures—image is funny or stupid
11PropagandaIs there anything left off the list…or anything you would renameDiscuss with the person next to youThere are other names for propaganda techniques, especially when used for advertisingAssertion, Bandwagon, card-stacking, glittering generalities, lesser of two evils, name calling, pinpointing the enemy, plain folks, stereotyping, testimonials, transfer
12How to spread propaganda What types of communication(sending and receiving messages) were there in the 1930s and 1940s?What was the best way to spread information and why?Discuss with a neighborNewspaper, film, radio, posters, letters, phone
22Your TurnLast look together and then you will have a chance to work with posters
23Worksheet Description to identify poster Common objective Tools used—hint, 3!Pass out worksheet after reviewFood will win the warConservation of resourcesHalf-truths—food won’t win the warEmotional appeals—word freedomVisual symbols—Statue of liberty/common folk-immigrants/rainbow
24WorksheetBrief Description of poster or phrase on poster used to identify the posterCommon Objectives of Wartime PropagandaTools used in Wartime PropagandaFood Will Win the WarConservation of resources necessary to wage war: FoodHalf-truths and lies: Food will not win the warEmotional Appeals: The word “freedom is used in a context to encourage people to support the warVisual Symbols: statue of liberty, rainbow
25StopNow it’s your turn to try to figure out the techniques used in U.S. PropagandaPair up with someoneOne worksheet per pairUse pen or pencilNot yet…there are more instructions…………
26Instructions Walk around for a minute and view the posters Pick two (2) to review---if the poster is very popular, don’t wait around, move to another posterComplete the chart for your postersWe’ll go over some posters and see how you didAsk me at least one relevant question and you can start
35Propaganda and The Portrayal of Women Questions to considerWhat are the different images of women?Are there positive images?Are there negative images?What activities do the posters encourage women to do?Would those posters be the same today or would they be different?
58Close reading—music Read through and underline anything interesting Share what you underlined with a peer/group of peersDevelop questions or observations you have about the reading on the right hand side of the paperDecide if this is propaganda: if so, reason for the propaganda and tools usedClass discussion
59ArtUsing one or more of the objectives and tools, create a button or small poster for the current war in AfghanistanOr, using one of the tools, create a button or poster about Hamilton High School.