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Putting It Together An ER verb assembly kit. La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation So what is conjugation? What does “conjugate” mean? In grammatical.

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Presentation on theme: "Putting It Together An ER verb assembly kit. La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation So what is conjugation? What does “conjugate” mean? In grammatical."— Presentation transcript:

1 Putting It Together An ER verb assembly kit

2 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation So what is conjugation? What does “conjugate” mean? In grammatical terms, it’s… Taking the regular form of the verb (such as: to have, to eat, to dance, to speak, etc) and changing it to agree with the subject of the verb (the person/object performing the action) We conjugate verbs in English every day! How???

3 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation Watch carefully as our verb construction crew conjugates an English verb in the present tense. To be I am We are You are You (pl) are He/She is They are

4 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation Here are some other familiar verbs in English: to dance to eat I dance We dance You dance You (pl) dance He/She dances They dance I eat We eat You eat You (pl) eat He/She eats They eat We change “to dance” (the infinitive) to “dance” or “dances” depending on who is doing the dancing. (I, You, He, She, We, They). We do the same for “to eat.”

5 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation Here are a couple more verbs conjugated in English: to watch I watch We watch You watch You (pl) watch He/She watches They watch to work I work We work You work You (pl) work He/She works They work C’est facile, n’est-ce pas?

6 Let’s try conjugating French verbs. La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb Conjugation Would you say... I is? You be? He are?She work? They watches? I to be? You to work? Of course not! Conjugated verbs are not interchangeable! It sounds ridiculous! It’s the same way with the French language.

7 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories In order to be a successful verb conjugator, you will need to know the following:

8 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories In order to be a successful verb conjugator, you will need to know the following: Subject- The person or thing doing the action (je, vous, Marie)

9 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories In order to be a successful verb conjugator, you will need to know the following: Infinitive-The verb in its raw state: to like / aimer Subject- The person or thing doing the action (je, vous, Marie)

10 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories In order to be a successful verb conjugator, you will need to know the following: Infinitive-The verb in its raw state: to like / aimer What are some other infinitive verbs that you already know? Subject- The person or thing doing the action (je, vous, Marie) travailler étudier écouter parler chanter

11 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories In order to be a successful verb conjugator, you will need to know the following: Stem- Infinitive-The verb in its raw state: to like / aimer What are some other infinitive verbs that you already know? The verb without the er: travaill, étudi, écout, parl, chant... Subject- The person or thing doing the action (je, vous, Marie) travailler étudier écouter parler chanter

12 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories And most importantly: the endings! The combination of letters that we put in place of the “er” that we dropped earlier. Each pronoun has it’s own ending to be used. Below is a chart that gives these endings. The pronunciation of the endings is in the brackets. -er verb endings Je e [—]Nousons [ohn] Tues [—]Vousez [eh] Il/ Elle e [—] Ils/ Elles ent [—]

13 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories SubjectInfinitiveStemEnding The worker:The drill packaging: The drill: (packaging removed) The drill bits: Or think of it this way: aimer, danser, chanter, parler er Je, Tu, Nous, la fille, Ils aim, dans, chant, parl e, es, e, ons, ez, ent The worker chooses the bit for each drill!!!

14 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories Let’s conjugate a verb by following the 4 simple steps:

15 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories Let’s conjugate a verb by following the 4 simple steps: 1.Decide on the worker (the subject of the sentence... Who is doing the action?)

16 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories Let’s conjugate a verb by following the 4 simple steps: 1.Decide on the worker (the subject of the sentence... Who is doing the action?) 2.Choose your drill package (the infinitive verb)

17 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories Let’s conjugate a verb by following the 4 simple steps: 1.Decide on the worker (the subject of the sentence... Who is doing the action?) 2.Choose your drill package (the infinitive verb) 3.Remove all er packaging from the drill

18 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories Let’s conjugate a verb by following the 4 simple steps: 1.Decide on the worker (the subject of the sentence... Who is doing the action?) 2.Choose your drill package (the infinitive verb) 3.Remove the er packaging from the drill 4.Select the correct drill bit for the worker given (the ending that goes with your subject)

19 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “I speak...”

20 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “I speak...” Je

21 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “I speak...” Je + infinitive (to speak) parler

22 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “I speak...” Je + infinitive (to speak) parler – “er” (parl)

23 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “I speak...” Je + infinitive (to speak) parler – “er” (parl) + the ending that goes with je (e) = parle

24 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “I speak...” Je + infinitive (to speak) parler – “er” (parl) + the ending that goes with je (e) = parle Je parle. = I speak. I am speaking. I do speak.

25 La Conjugaison des Verbes Je parle français. (I speak French.) (I am speaking French.) (I do speak French.)

26 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “He speaks...”

27 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “He speaks...” Il

28 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “He speaks...” Il + infinitive (to speak) (parler)

29 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “He speaks...” Il + infinitive (to speak) (parler) – “er” (parl)

30 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “He speaks...” Il + infinitive (to speak) (parler) – “er” (parl) + the ending that goes with “il” (e) (parle)

31 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “He speaks...” Il + infinitive (to speak) (parler) – “er” (parl) + the ending that goes with “il” (e) (parle) =il parle

32 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “He speaks...” Il + infinitive (to speak) (parler) – “er” (parl) + the ending that goes with “il” (e) (parle) =il parle (he speaks, he is speaking, he does speak)

33 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “you speak...” tu + infinitive (to speak) (parler) – “er” + the ending that goes with “tu” (es) = tu parles ( you speak, you are speaking, you do speak.)

34 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “we speak...” nous + infinitive (to speak) (parler) – “er” + the ending that goes with “nous” (ons) = nous parlons ( we speak, we are speaking, we do speak.)

35 parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories (infinitive) “to speak” How do we say “they speak...” ils + infinitive (to speak) (parler) – “er” + the ending that goes with “ils” (ent) = ils parlent ( they speak, they are speaking, they do speak.)

36 Je Tu Il/Elle Nous Vous Ils/Elles parler La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories parler – er + e= parle = je parle parler – er + es = parles = tu parles parler – er + e = parle = il/elle parle parler – er + ons = parlons = nous parlons parler – er + ez = parlez = vous parlez parler – er + ent = parlent = ils parlent

37 Je Tu Il/Elle Nous Vous Ils/Elles aimer La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories aimer – er + e= aime = j’aime aimer – er + es = aimes = tu aimes aimer – er + e = aime = il/elle aime aimer – er + ons = aimons = nous aimons aimer – er + ez = aimez = vous aimez aimer – er + ent = aiment = ils aiment

38 FELICITATIONS La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and Accessories Once you have memorized these endings, you will be able to conjugate any regular –er verb in the French language. That means you can conjugate hundreds of verbs...

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