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The Neck: Musculature and Bony Anatomy
Bony Framework 7 cervical vertebrae Atlas (C1) Axis (C2) C3 - C7
Atlas 1 – Articular process 2 – Transverse process 3 – Posterior arch
Axis 1 – Dens/Odontoid process 2 – Spinous process
Cervical Vertebra 1 – Transverse foramen 2 – Body 3 – Vertebral foramen 4 – Transverse process 5 – Spinous process 6 – Articular process
Palpation of bony anatomy Spinous process; vertebra prominens (C7) Transverse process
Palpation of Bony Anatomy Hyoid bone Clavicle Thyroic cartilage Cricoid cartilage
Intervertebral Discs Annulus fibrosus Nucleus pulposus Shock absorbers for spine
Nerves of the Cervical Spine 7 vertebrae, but 8 nerves Emerge above corresponding vertebra, except C8 nerve Brachial plexus – C5-T1 Myotomes and Dermatomes
NERVEMYOTOME C5Shoulder Abduction C6Elbow Flexion, Wrist Extension C7Elbow Extension, Wrist Flexion C8Thumb Extension, Ulnar Deviation
Muscles of the Neck MUSCLEORIGININSERTIONACTION TrapeziusOcciput, Nuchal ligament, SP of C7- T12 Lateral clavicle, Acromion, Spine of scapula Extends, Ipsi lateral flex, Contra rotation Levator ScapulaeTP C1-C4Medial border of scapula Extends, Ipsi lateral flex, elevate scapula SternocleidomastoidSternal: manubrium Clavicular: medial 1/3 of clavicle Mastoid processFlexes, Ipsi lat flex, Contra rotation
MUSCLEORIGININSERTIONACTION Anterior ScaleneTP C3-C61 st ribIpsi lat flex, Elevate 1 st rib Middle ScaleneTP C2-C71 st ribIpsi lat flex, Elevate 1 st rib Posterior ScaleneTP C5-C72 nd ribLat flex, Elevate 2 nd rib Longus Colli and Longus Capitus Ant TP C1-C6OcciputFlexion Rectus CapitisTP C1OcciputFlexion, Lat flexion
The Neck: Common Injuries and Problems
Pain Generators Myogenic Discogenic Facet joint, Arthritic Stenotic (central canal, neuroforamen) Neurogenic
Spinal Injuries CHAPTER 11. Five Divisions Cervical Division (7) Thoracic Division (12) Lumbar Division (5) Sacral Division (5) Coccygeal.
Cervical Spine Anatomy and Clinical Evaluation Orthopedic Assessment III – Head, Spine, and Trunk with Lab PET 5609C.
Spine Outline Sports Med 2. Anatomy Bones of the Vertebral Column 33 vertebrae 24 movable (true) 9 immovable (false) Movable Cervical, thoracic,
Muscles of the Head and Shoulders. Insertion Origin Sternum and Clavicle Insertion Temporal Bone (Mastoid Process) Action(s) Flexes and rotates the head.
Cervical Spine Anatomy. General Vertebral Anatomy Body Vertebral Arch Pedicles Laminae Vertebral Foramen Spinous Process Facets Superior.
Cervical curvature Lumbar curvature Thoracic curvature Sacral curvature (pelvic) How many of each vertebrae? Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Coccygeal.
BONES OF THE SPINE. Introductory Information 33 The spine is a stack of 33 bones called vertebra held together by ligaments and muscles. disc Between.
BNG-345: Lecture 13 The Spine Anatomy Test on Friday.
Spine Outline Sports Med. Anatomy Bones of the Vertebral Column Bones of the Vertebral Column 33 vertebrae 33 vertebrae 24 movable (true) 24 movable (true)
REVIEW OF ANATOMY OF SPINE UNDERLYING INTERVERTEBRAL DISC REPAIR.
Hi!!. Vertebral Column General Characteristics 1. Consists of 26 irregular bones 2. A curved structure that extends from the skull to the pelvic.
Fig Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Thoracic region (curved posteriorly) Cervical region.
The Skeleton P A R T C. Cervical Vertebrae Seven vertebrae (C 1 -C 7 ) are the smallest, lightest vertebrae Oval body and large, triangular vertebral.
The Spinal Column and Thorax ESAT 3600 Fundamentals of Athletic Training.
Anatomy of the Cervical Spine Physician Name Physician Institution Date.
1 Myology Bony Anatomy of the Vertebral Column. 2 Gross Anatomy Osteology of the Spine.
© Mark E. Damon - All Rights Reserved Presentation by © All rights Reserved
Trapezius (Upper fibers) O: base of skull, occipital protuberance, posterior ligaments of neck I: posterior aspect of lateral 1/3 of clavicle A: elevation.
Upper Extremity Musculature. Shoulder Complex Scapula Scapula Clacivle Clacivle Sternum Sternum Humerus Humerus Rib Cage Rib Cage Sternoclavicular Joint.
Chapter 12 The Trunk and Spinal Column. Skull Label Frontal External Occipital Protuberance Superior Nuchal Line Superior Nuchal Line (3 rd picture #2)
Chapter 5 Skeletal System Axial Skeleton Vertebral Column.
Axial Skeleton Vertebral Column composed of 26 bones of the 80 total that make up the Axial Skeleton.
Lab Activity 11: Group I Muscles Martini Chapter 11 Portland Community College BI 231.
PowerPoint ® Lecture Slides prepared by Janice Meeking, Mount Royal College C H A P T E R Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. 7 The Skeleton: Part.
The Skeleton. Two Divisions Axial Appendicular Axial Skeleton.
Human Anatomy & Physiology Ninth Edition PowerPoint ® Lecture Slides prepared by Barbara Heard, Atlantic Cape Community College C H A P T E R © 2013 Pearson.
Axial Skeleton. Vertebral Column/ Spine supports the skull /transfers weight Structure: 26 irregular bones (33 pre-birth) 7 cervical 12 thoracic 5 lumbar.
Vertebral column Supports Skull Pectoral girdle Upper limb Thoracic cage Protects Spinal cord and the spinal nerve roots 1.
Palpation LAB Bones and Muscles to look at:. Palpation Lab: Palpation structures:Check Mark When Done Occipital Bone Frontal Bone Mastoid Process C1 cervical.
Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. The Vertebral Column Yes, this is a Predator Ewok….
Vertebral Column & Thoracic Cage. A. Vertebral column – functions: 1. Vertical support for head and trunk 2. Houses & protects spinal cord 3. Enables.
The Vertebral Column In General Day 1 Notes. The Vertebral Column in General The vertebral column is a flexible, strong, central axis of vertebrates.
CERVICAL SPINE DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY. DR.SANAA AL-SHAARAWY.
1 Myology Muscles of the Anterior Neck. 2 Muscles of the Neck Overview Muscle of neck are divided into two groups: –Anterior Superficial (2) Hyoids –Infrahyoids.
External Intercostal Inferior border of the ribs Origin Superior border of the ribs below Insertion Intercostal nerve Nerve Elevates Ribs Action.
Soft Tissue of the Back. Innervation As a general rule, muscles associated with the back are innervated by the dorsal rami of the spinal nerves They are.
1 Chapter 7 The Skeletal System: The Axial Skeleton.
Bone, Muscles of vertebral column By Prof. Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh, MD.
Ms. Bowman. Formed from 26 irregular shaped bones Supports the trunk Transmits the weight of the trunk to the lower limbs Surrounds and protects.
KINESIOLOGY Scientific Basis of Human Motion, 12 th edition Hamilton, Weimar & Luttgens Presentation Created by TK Koesterer, Ph.D., ATC Humboldt State.
Radiographic Anatomy of the Skeleton The vertebral column curves There are 4 normal curves formed by vertebras, two are concave and the other two.
Bones Of The Axial Skeleton THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Vertebral Column: Curvatures Increase resilience and flexibility of spine –Cervical and lumbar curvatures Concave posteriorly.
CERVICAL VERTEBRAE 1 Prof. Saeed Abuel Makarem & Dr. Sanaa Al- Shaarawy.
The Anatomy of the Spine. THE BONES OF THE SPINE.
Body Pedicle Vertebral Foramen Lamina Transverse Process Superior Articular Process Inferior Articular Process Spinous Process Typical Anatomy of a Vertebra.
Cervical Vertebrae Seven vertebrae (C 1 -C 7 ) are the smallest, lightest vertebrae C 3 -C 7 are distinguished with an oval body, short spinous processes,
Hyoid bone –U-shaped bone located just above the larynx and below the mandible –Suspended from the styloid processes of the temporal bone –Only bone in.
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