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Transparent Re-alignment of the Diamond Storage Ring M. Apollonio – Diamond Light Source Ltd ESLS – XXII Workshop, ESRF Grenoble, November 25 th 2014 25/11/2014M.

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Presentation on theme: "Transparent Re-alignment of the Diamond Storage Ring M. Apollonio – Diamond Light Source Ltd ESLS – XXII Workshop, ESRF Grenoble, November 25 th 2014 25/11/2014M."— Presentation transcript:

1 Transparent Re-alignment of the Diamond Storage Ring M. Apollonio – Diamond Light Source Ltd ESLS – XXII Workshop, ESRF Grenoble, November 25 th /11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble M1 M2 1/15

2 -Motivations -Low Coupling -Alignment & Tests -Transparent Re-alignment (TR) -Conclusions 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Outline 2/15

3 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Why aligning the machine? - perfectly aligned machine ensures - nominal performance - nominal photon beam properties - misalignments minimized via orbit corrections - CMs (dipoles) correct orbit but introduce dispersion in both planes - CMs correct the orbit at BPMs - orbit can be ≠ 0 anywhere else - off axis orbit at quadrupoles - dipole kicks  more corrector strength  more dispersion - H dispersion errors  H emittance errors - V dispersion  V emittance (> quantum limit ~0.6 pm) - off axis orbit at sextupoles - dipole kicks - tune shift (H offset at sextupoles makes a normal quad) -  -beating - betatron coupling (V offset at sextupoles makes a skew quad) - dynamic aperture reduction - lifetime increase - … these distortions can become relevant especially at low coupling... Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions 3/15

4 In response to request from Science Division, vertical emittance has been reduced from 27 pm.rad to 8 pm.rad for user operation (1% to 0.3% coupling)  Initially confined to machine development periods  Two week period from 17 th October to 1 st November 2012  Standard operational mode since 6 th March 2013 Benefits include increased brightness / transverse coherence, smaller spot size 1% coupling 0.3% coupling Reduced Vertical Emittance 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions 4/15

5 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble dR S Survey Data dZ S H-plane V-plane > 1mm sway Survey March 2014 Survey August 2014 Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions > 600um heave 5/15 best fit plane MOPRO099, IPAC um

6 - AT model - MATLAB functions change magnet positions according to survey - girder  (sway,yaw, heave,pitch) - quadrupoles/sextupoles magnetic centres moved w.r.t. to girder according to data - residuals <50um - BPM positions in the model defined accordingly - primary fixed to floor - secondary anchored to girder DX YAW QUAD SEXT BM Girder moves – model 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble primary BPM secondary BPM Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions 6/15

7 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Girder moves – initial tests (2013) - 5-cam axis motor (u,v,  ) - rack in-tunnel: local control - single girder moves - temporary protection system limit excessive strain on bellows - preliminary to program of full SR re-alignment - reinforce confidence in model - gain confidence in control system GirderHeave/Sway (um)Yaw/Pitch (urad)Date HC3G VC20G VC8G VC2G VC13G VC3G VC3G VC4G VC3G Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions - model highly predictive VC8G2 heave=+197um - CM variation correctly reproduced when BBA corrections are introduced in the model (as done in the machine) 7/15

8 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Girder moves – transparent re-alignment (TR) Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions - leading idea: re-align the machine with no impact on operating beamlines - orbit variations compensated by introducing Golden Offsets at primary BPMs - initial single girder tests (I03)  TR project: Cell-4, 5, 6: (I05) MOPRO101, IPAC2014 8/15

9 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble CELL move – control system 2013 – single girder move - local rack (inside tunnel) - temporary LVDT sensors (on girder bellows) - local PC 2014 – cell (multi-girder) move - CIA rack (outside tunnel) - 8 permanent LVDT sensors per cell - EPICS with PC from control room Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions PLC LVDTs 9/15

10 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble LVDT motion sensors G2 – G3 CAM motors View of cell-4 LVDT motion sensors G3 end Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions CELL move – control system 10/15

11 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble 1 st test of transparent re-alignment at BL-I03: BBA and orbit restoration via Golden Offset (1) (2) 22/10/2013 VC3G1 heave = -245 um pitch = urad GO =191 um model data (A)BPM offset after BBA cell-3 (A)Orbit after move (B)Effect of BBA (C)Effect of GO(3,1) = 181um XBPM-measured tilt: -28.7urad / AT prediction: -28. urad VC3G1 - 22/10/2013 heave = -245 um pitch = urad MOPRO101, IPAC2014 Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions (SP,  ) = (-95um,-28urad) 11/15

12 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions getting ready for TR at BL-I05 (1) (2) VC4G2+G3 heave G2= -275 um G3 = -250 um pitch G2 = 15 urad G3 = -17 urad ID um C2 C3 C4 C5 C6  SP=-150um  a = 27urad 12/15

13 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble getting ready for TR at BL-I05: BBA (1) and orbit restoration via Golden Offset (2) (1) (2) ID um Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions  SP= 0um  a = 0urad GO=239 um VC4G2+G3 heave G2= -275 um G3 = -250 um pitch G2 = 15 urad G3 = -17 urad (SP,  ) = (-150um,27urad) (SP,  ) = (0um, 0urad) 13/15

14 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble getting ready for TR at BL-I05: effect of orbit tilt on I05 energy peaks (SHADOW simulation) Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions (He-photo ionization peaks, data from BL-I05) 14/15

15 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Conclusions - aligning the Diamond Storage Ring represents a benefit in terms of reduced vertical emittance - increase stability on feedback for present low coupling system - model of girder moves available (AT) - very precise when determining local effects (girder moves) - a campaign of survey-based girder moves has been completed - using a 5-axis control system - 1-H and 8-V moves actuated so far - gained great knowledge both of the control system and of the model - 1 st test of TR done (Oct 2013, vC3G1, I03) - now extended to multi-girder moves, possibly distributed on the entire machine - cell 4, 5 and 6 equipped with new control system and commissioned - cell-4 scheduled for move: Dec 19 th - preliminary tests to assess effects on nearby BL-I05 - aim at completing cell-5, cell-6 before May Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions 15/15

16 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Thanks for your attention...

17 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Spares Camshaft Axes of rotation Bearing Range of motion Beam Direction Mover 1 Mover 2Mover 3 Mover 4 Mover 5 GIRDER CELL move – control system: CAM-axes

18 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble CELL move – control system: CAM-axes PLC interface – LVDT readings All cams in their neutral position,: u=0, v=0, χ =0, η =0, σ =0. Pitch of 4.16 mrad: u=0, v=0, χ = , η =0, σ =0. Spares

19 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Spares Summer 2012 uncontrolled girder motion “CELL-25” test Importance of LVDT limiting sensors

20 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Girder moves – initial tests - model highly predictive when describing changes - orbit variation correctly reproduced - CM variation correctly reproduced - local reduction in total CM kick angle reasonably reproduced original position new position C03 G1 G2 G3 HC3G2 sway=+324um Spares

21 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Girder Moves explain 2/3 of the H-orbit. In V-orbit there is phase agreement, amplitude is not reproduced. Girder moves – effect on orbit Spares

22 couplinglifetimecurrent Coupling feedback started 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Reduced Vertical Emittance Spares

23 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Reduced Vertical Emittance Setting the vertical emittance: LOCO correction during start-up Apply correction to all skews Add offset to set desired ε y value Use feedback to stabilise during user time Issues: Coupling correction only optimal for a particular configuration of ID gaps Quality of correction drifts over days / weeks  pLOCO measurement and fit: 15m!  Begun girder re-alignment campaign to increase margin between minimum and desired ε y values MOPEA071, IPAC2013 Spares

24 25/11/2014M. Apollonio – ESLS XXII - Grenoble Survey August 2013 H-plane Survey January - August 2013 V-plane SR shrinking:  RF C SR = c h / RF measured circumference Motivations Coupling Alignment Tests TR Conclusions best fit plane MOPRO099, IPAC um


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