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© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Horney Chapter 6 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
© McGraw-Hill Outline Overview of Psychoanalytic Social Theory Biography of Horney Introduction to Psychoanalytic Social Theory Basic Hostility and Basic Anxiety Compulsive Drives Intrapsychic Conflicts Cont’d
© McGraw-Hill Outline Feminine Psychology Psychotherapy Related Research Critique of Horney Concept of Humanity
© McGraw-Hill Overview of Psychoanalytic Social Theory Social and Cultural Conditions Largely Responsible for Shaping Personality When Needs Are Not Met in Childhood, Basic Hostility and Anxiety Arise Combat Basic Anxiety in Three Ways: –Moving toward people –Moving against people –Moving away from people
© McGraw-Hill Biography of Horney Born in Eilbek (near Hamburg) in 1885 Youngest of two children born to an older sea captain and his young wife Entered University of Freiburg in 1906 –One of the first women in Germany admitted to medical school, where she specialized in psychiatry Analyzed in 1910 by Karl Abraham, one of Freud’s close associates Published The Technique of Psychoanalytic Therapy in 1917
© McGraw-Hill Biography (cont’d) In 1932, Horney left Germany to become Associate Director on Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute Increasingly abandoned orthodox psychoanalysis in favor of a more socially oriented theory Published Neurosis and Human Growth in 1950 Founded her own clinic Died in New York in 1952
© McGraw-Hill Psychoanalytic Social Theory Horney and Freud Compared –Horney’s criticisms of Freud’s Theories 1.Orthodoxy leads to theoretical and clinical stagnation 2.Inaccurate views of feminine psychology 3.Should move beyond instinct and examine culture The Impact of Culture The Importance of Childhood Experiences
© McGraw-Hill Basic Hostility and Basic Anxiety Basic hostility –Arise when parents do not satisfy child’s needs for safety and satisfaction Basic anxiety –Repressed hostility leads to feelings of insecurity and apprehension
© McGraw-Hill Compulsive Drives Neurotics Repeat Same Unproductive Strategy Neurotic Needs –Attempts reduce basic anxiety –10 categories Neurotic Trends Are Attitudes Toward Self and Others, and Include –Moving toward people –Moving against people –Moving away from people
© McGraw-Hill Intrapsychic Conflicts Originate from Interpersonal Experiences The Idealized Self-Image Includes Three Aspects: –Neurotic search for glory –Neurotic claims –Neurotic pride Self-Hatred –Neurotic individuals dislike themselves because their real self does not match insatiable demands of their idealized view of self
© McGraw-Hill Feminine Psychology Psychological differences between men and women are due to culture and social expectations rather than to anatomy View of the Oedipus complex was that any sexual attraction or hostility of child to parent would be the result of learning and not biology –Found concept of “penis envy” untenable –If that existed, should also be “womb envy”
© McGraw-Hill Psychotherapy Therapy focused on development of self- realization through self-analysis Utilizes same techniques as Freud Successful when patients can assume responsibility for their psychological development Goal of Horneyian psychotherapy: –Help patients grow to self-realization –Give up their idealized self-image –Relinquish their neurotic search for glory –Change self-hatred to self-acceptance –Focus on love, mastery, and freedom
© McGraw-Hill Related Research The Neurotic Compulsion to Avoid the Negative –Robinson et al. (2007) While most research has had an understandable negative bias, recent research has been investigating some benefits of neuroticism: It is possible to be a “successful neurotic” in that neurotic skill at avoiding negative outcomes improves daily mood
© McGraw-Hill Critique of Horney Horney’s Theory Is: –Moderate on Internal Consistency and Parsimony –Low on Falsifiability, Generating Research, and Guiding Action –Very Low on Organizing Knowledge
© McGraw-Hill Concept of Humanity Free Choice over Determinism Optimism over Pessimism Social Influence over Biology Causality and Teleology, and Conscious and Unconscious Play Equal Roles Similarities over Uniqueness
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Klein Chapter 5 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
5 | 1 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Psychoanalytic Social Psychology: Karen Horney.
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Erikson. © McGraw-Hill Outline Overview of Post-Freudian Theory Biography of Erickson The Ego in Post-Freudian Theory.
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Maslow Chapter 10 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
© McGraw-Hill © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Theories of Personality May Chapter 12 Courtesy Georgia M. Johnson-May.
Karen Horney By Dermot McElhennon. Introduction Biography Beginnings of Her Career Major Works Neurotic Needs Neo-Freudianism Feminine Psychology.
Theories of Personality Maslow: Holistic-Dynamic Theory Chapter 10.
Theories of Personality Rogers: Person-Centered Theory Chapter 11.
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Allport Chapter 13 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Kelly Chapter 18 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Rotter & Mischel Chapter 17 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Sullivan Chapter 8 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Theories of Personality Jung g.html.
CHAPTER 5 HORNEY'S SOCIAL AND CULTURAL PSYCHOANALYSIS.
Theories of Personality Allport: Psychology of the Individual Chapter 13.
Karen Horney Born Germany-of Norwegian parents Problems with dominant father-but supportive mother Perceived self-homely-Since I cannot be beautiful.
Karen Danielsen Horney Horney was a powerful critic of Freudian theory who, among other things, stressed socio-cultural influences on personality development.
Theories of Personality Eysenck’s Biologically Based Factor Theory Chapter 14.
Copyright © 2016, 2012, 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved Personality Sixth edition Chapter 4 Neo-Analytic and Ego Aspects of Personality.
Karen Horney Personality Theory. Relationship to Freud 1. Published series of papers criticizing Freud and proposing a feminine psychology around 1930.
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Jung Chapter 4 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Karen Horney Neo-Freudian View Accomplishments on Self-Realization.
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Eysenck, McCrae and Costa Chapter 14 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon (2012). Karen Horney Feminist neo-analytic theory Rejection of Freudian notion of penis envy Envy of masculine freedoms and.
Theories of Personality Freud: Psychoanalysis Chapter 2.
Theories of Personality Adler Chapter 3 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved © McGraw-Hill.
1 EVIDENCE, CRITIC, & ALTERNATIVES TO PSYCHOANALYSIS RESEARCH EVIDENCE Why is psychoanalytic theory so difficult to test? Examples of empirical studies.
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Skinner Chapter 15 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
The Psychodynamic Perspective: Neo-Freudians. Neo-Freudians Followers of Freud’s theories but developed theories of their own in areas where they disagreed.
Theories of Personality May: Existential Psychology Chapter 12.
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality May Chapter 12 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Karen Horney Psychoanalyst and Feminine Psychologist Erica Merryweather.
KAREN HORNEY Pioneer in Feminine Psychology.
Instructor name Class Title, Term/Semester, Year Institution © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Introductory Psychology Concepts Psychoanalytic Theory.
© McGraw-Hill Theories of Personality Bandura Chapter 16 © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Neo- Freudians. The Neo-Freudians are personality theorists who started their careers as followers of Freud but eventually disagreed on some of the.
Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Theories of.
The Psychology of the Person Chapter 5 Neo-Freudians The Psychology of the Person Chapter 5 Neo-Freudians Naomi Wagner, Ph.D Lecture Outlines Based on.
Karen Horney & Erich Fromm Personality Psychology.
September 16 th 1885 ~ December 4 th * Suffered from depression throughout life (Langenderfer, 1999) * Entered medical school in 1906 (Langenderfer,
Psychodynamic Theory. Psychodynamic Theories Recall that PD theories believe unlocking the unconscious mind is key to understanding human behaviour This.
Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Theories Freud’s notion of an objective psychology.
Karen Horney The Neopsychoanalytic Approach. Neopsychoanalytic Reaction to Freud Humans motivated by need for security and love, not by sex and aggression.
Instructor name Class Title, Term/Semester, Year Institution © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Introductory Psychology Concepts Personality.
UNIT 10: PERSONALITY. ESSENTIAL QUESTION From where do one’s personality traits derive, and how do they affect one’s life experiences?
4 | 1 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Alfred Adler.
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Copyright © 2016, 2012, 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved Personality Sixth edition Chapter 3 Psychoanalytic Aspects of Personality.
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