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ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee1 Reporting and Preparing Financial Statements UAA – ACCT 201 Principles of Financial Accounting Dr. Fred Barbee.

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Presentation on theme: "ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee1 Reporting and Preparing Financial Statements UAA – ACCT 201 Principles of Financial Accounting Dr. Fred Barbee."— Presentation transcript:

1 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee1 Reporting and Preparing Financial Statements UAA – ACCT 201 Principles of Financial Accounting Dr. Fred Barbee Chapter 3

2 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201

3 TopicLOReadHW Closing Process C4, C5 P4, P QS8, QS9, E7 Classified Balance Sheet C E8, E9 Decision AnalysisA2, A P2A Chapter 3 - Day 2 - Agenda

4 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201

5 Dr. Fred Barbee5 Learning Objective Describe and prepare closing entries. P4 Procedural

6 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee6 Learning Objective Explain why temporary accounts are closed each period. C4 Conceptual

7 Temporary Accounts Revenues Income Summary Expenses Dividends Permanent Accounts Assets Liabilities Retained Earnings Temporary and Permanent Accounts

8 Credi tDebit Credi tDebit Post. Ref.ItemDate Balance Account No. ### Account Title Credi tDebit Credi tDebit Post. Ref.ItemDate Balance Account No. ### Account Title Nominal (Temporary) Accounts Real (Permanent) Accounts ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201

9 Account Title Account No. ### DateItem Post. Ref.DebitCredit Balance DebitCredit Real Accounts

10 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee10 Real Accounts... Accounts that are not closed to a zero balance at the end of each accounting period. Permanent accounts appearing on the Balance Sheet.

11 Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201

12 Account Title Account No. ### DateItem Post. Ref.DebitCredit Balance DebitCredit Nominal Accounts

13 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee13 Nominal Accounts... Accounts that are closed to a zero balance at the end of each accounting period. Temporary accounts generally appearing on the Income Statement.

14 Revenues Expenses Revenues Expenses ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201

15 What are closing entries? ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201

16 Dr. Fred Barbee16 Closing Entries... Journal entries made at the end of an accounting period. They clear all nominal accounts and prepare them to receive transactions in the new accounting period. They summarize a period’s revenues and expenses.

17 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee17 Purpose of Closing Entries Closing entries bring the income statement accounts back to a zero balance, making them ready for a new set of transactions.

18 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee18 Purpose of Closing Entries. The closing entry process transfers the net income or net loss for the accounting period to the owner’s equity and Reduces owner’s equity for any distributions to owners.

19 Is there a set procedure? ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201

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21 Account Title Account No. ### DateItem Post. Ref.DebitCredit Balance DebitCredit Income Summary Introducing a new account!

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26 Overview of the Closing Process

27 Using the adjusted trial balance, let’s prepare the closing entries for FastForward.

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29 Now, let’s look at the ledger accounts after posting this closing entry.  Close Revenue Accounts to Income Summary

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32 Now, let’s look at the ledger accounts after posting this closing entry.  Close Expense Accounts to Income Summary

33 Net Income

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35 Now, let’s look at the ledger accounts after posting this closing entry.  Close Income Summary to Retained Earnings

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37 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee37 Learning Objective Explain and prepare a post- closing trial balance. P5 Procedural

38 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee38 Post-Closing Trial Balance List of permanent accounts and their balances after posting closing entries. Total debits and credits must be equal.

39 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201

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41 Dr. Fred Barbee41 Learning Objective Identify steps in the accounting cycle. C5 Conceptual

42 1. Analyze Transactions 2. Journalize 3. Post 4. Prepare Unadjusted Trial Balance 5. Adjust 6. Prepare Adjusted Trial Balance 7. Prepare Statements 8. Close 9. Prepare Post-Closing Trial balance 10. Reverse (Optional)

43 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201

44 Dr. Fred Barbee44 Learning Objective Explain and prepare a classified balance sheet. C6 Conceptual

45 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee45 Classified Balance Sheet

46 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee46 Current Assets/Liabilities Current items are those expected to come due (either collected or owed) within one year or the company’s operating cycle, whichever is longer.

47 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee47 Operating Cycle – Service Company – Exhibit 3-31 Cash Available Cash paid for employee work Services sold to customers Customers pay for services

48 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Dr. Fred Barbee48 Operating Cycle – Merchandising Company Cash Available Cash paid for products Products sold to customers Customers pay for products

49 Classified Balance Sheet Let’s look at the asset section of a classified balance sheet. ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201

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51 Current assets are assets that will be turned into cash or expire (be used up) within the longer of one year or the operating cycle.

52 Property, plant and equipment includes assets with useful lives of more than one year acquired for use in the business rather than for resale.

53 Other assets and intangible assets include items such as patents, goodwill, copyrights, etc.

54 Let’s look at the liability section of a classified balance sheet. ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201 Classified Balance Sheet

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56 Current liabilities are obligations that will be paid with current assets, normally within one year.

57 Long-term liabilities are debts that have maturity dates extending beyond one year from the balance sheet date.

58 Let’s look at the stockholders’ equity section of a classified balance sheet. ACCT 201 ACCT 201 ACCT 201

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60 Contributed capital is often shown in two separate accounts...  Common stock  Paid-in capital Contributed capital is often shown in two separate accounts...  Common stock  Paid-in capital

61 Comprehensive income includes gains and losses not included in the computation of net income.

62 Retained earnings is the accumulated earnings of the company less the accumulated dividends declared.


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