Presentation on theme: "Facilitation techniques for the upper extremities RHS 323 lecture 3"— Presentation transcript:
1 Facilitation techniques for the upper extremities RHS 323 lecture 3 Prepared by Mrs: Muneera Al- Murdi
2 Facilitation and reinforcement Unilateral patterns:The initial position of the physical therapist showing the lengthened range of the pattern and the ending position showing the shortened range of the pattern.
3 Facilitation and reinforcement The manual contact in each movement are optimum for the specific pattern.The spiral characteristic of the pattern is shown by the dotted lines placed medially or laterallyon the extremities.All information concerning a specific pattern is given for left or right extremities, or trunk and neck motion to the left or right.
4 Facilitation and reinforcement Components of motion: Description is from distal to proximal in accordance with normal timing. Normal timing: May be used with the maximal resistance or may be performed as free active motion without contact with the physical therapist.
5 Facilitation and reinforcement Timing for emphasis: Alters range of motion of the proximal pivots when distal pivots are emphasized. Commands: Preparatory commands, must be varied in accordance with the age level and abilities of the subject to cooperate. Action command, may be repeated as necessary in order to stimulate the patient to further effort.
6 Facilitation and reinforcement Pattern analysis: The motion components and the major muscle components are presented from proximal to distal in keeping with anatomical description.
7 Facilitation technique of upper extremity Flexion-adduction-external rotation (D1 fl) with elbow straight.Antagonistic patternstraight) patternComponents of motionNormal timingTiming for emphasisManual contactCommandsPattern analysis