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Coflow A Networking Abstraction For Cluster Applications UC Berkeley Mosharaf Chowdhury Ion Stoica.

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Presentation on theme: "Coflow A Networking Abstraction For Cluster Applications UC Berkeley Mosharaf Chowdhury Ion Stoica."— Presentation transcript:

1 Coflow A Networking Abstraction For Cluster Applications UC Berkeley Mosharaf Chowdhury Ion Stoica

2 Cluster Applications Multi-Stage Data Flows  Computation interleaved with communication Computation  Distributed  Runs on many machines Communication  Structured  Between machine groups 2 Driver

3 A Flow  Sequence of packets  Independent  Often the unit for network scheduling, traffic engineering, load balancing etc. Multiple Parallel Flows  Independent  Yet, semantically bound  Shared objective 3 Driver Communication Abstraction Minimize Completio n Time

4 Coflow A collection of flows between two groups of machines that are bound together by application-specific semantics Captures 1.Structure 2.Shared Objective 3.Semantics 4 ‘

5 We Want To… Better schedule the network  Intra-coflow  Inter-coflow Write the communication layer of a new application  Without reinventing the wheel Add unsupported coflows to an application, or Replace an existing coflow implementation  Independent of applications 5

6 6 Coflow AP I The Network (Physically or Logically Centralized Controller) Cluster Applications

7 7 Coflow AP I Goals 1.Separate intent from mechanisms 2.Convey application-specific semantics to the network Goals 1.Separate intent from mechanisms 2.Convey application-specific semantics to the network

8 8 Coflow AP I Shuffl e finishe s MapReduc e Job finishes create(SHUFFLE)  handle put(handle, id, content) get(handle, id)  content terminate(handle) Driver

9 Choice of algorithms  Default  WSS 1 Choice of mechanism  App vs. Network layer  Pull vs. Push Choice of algorithms  Default  WSS 1 Choice of mechanism  App vs. Network layer  Pull vs. Push 9 mapper s reducer s shuffl e 1. Orchestra, SIGCOMM’2011 Coflow Flexibilit y

10 10 mappe rs reducer s shuffl e driver (JobTrack er) broadcas b  create(BCAST) … put(b, id, content) … get(b, id) … Coflow Flexibilit y

11 11 mapper s reducer s shuffl e driver (JobTrack er) broadca b  create(BCAST) s  create(SHUFFLE, ord=[b ~> s]) put(b, id, content) … terminate(b) get(b, id) put(s, id s1 ) … Coflow Flexibilit y

12 Throughput-Sensitive Applications 12 Minimize Completion Time After 2 seconds

13 Throughput-Sensitive Applications 13 After 2 seconds After 7 secondsAfter 4 seconds Minimize Completion Time

14 Throughput-Sensitive Applications 14 After 2 seconds After 7 seconds Minimize Completion Time Free up resources without hurting application- perceived communication time

15 HotNets 2012 Latency-Sensitive Applications 15 Top-level Aggregato r Mid-level Aggregato rs Workers

16 Top-level Aggregato r Mid-level Aggregato rs Workers Latency-Sensitive Applications 16 HotNets 2012 Meet Deadline 1,2 1. D3, SIGCOMM’ PDQ, SIGCOMM’2012 HotNets-XI: Home Page conferences.sigcomm.org/hotnets/2012/ The Eleventh ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks (HotNets-XI) will bring together people with interest in computer networks to engage in a lively debate... HotNets Workshop | acm sigcomm The Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks (HotNets) was created in 2002 to discuss early-stage, creative... HotNets-XI, Seattle, WA area, October 29-30, HotNets-XI: Call for Papers conferences.sigcomm.org/hotnets/2012/cfp.shtml The Eleventh ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks (HotNets-XI) will bring together researchers in computer networks and systems to engage in a lively... Coflow accepted at HotNets'2012 Sep 13, 2012 – Update: Coflow camera-ready is available online! Tell us what you think! Our position paper to address the lack of a networking abstraction for... Limit impact to as few requests as possible

17 One More Thing… 1. Critical Path Scheduling 2. OpenTCP 3. Structured Streams 4. … 17

18 Coflow UC Berkeley Mosharaf Chowdhury A semantically-bound collection of flows Conveys application intent to the network  Allows better management of network resources  Provides greater flexibility in designing applications

19 Communication of a cluster application is represented by a partially-ordered set of coflows Network allocation takes place among these partially-ordered sets of coflows Critical Path Scheduling 19 S B S A S S A S

20 20 OperationCaller create(PATTERN, [opt])  handleDriver put(handle, id, content, [opt])  resultSender get(handle, id, [opt])  contentReceiver terminate(handle, [opt])  resultDriver Coflow AP I

21 Throughput-Sensitive Applications 21 Local shuffle finishes Shuffle finishes Data Flow Minimize Completion Time 1 MapReduc e Framewor k Job finishes Map Stage Reduce Stage 1. Orchestra, SIGCOMM’2011

22 22 Coflow Resourc e Allocation 1. Weights [Across Apps] mappe rs reducers shuffle 1 mappe rs reducers shuffle 2 Job 1 Job 2 Weighted sharing between shuffle 1  create(SHUFFLE, weight=1) shuffle 2  create(SHUFFLE, weight=2) … Weighted sharing between shuffle 1  create(SHUFFLE, weight=1) shuffle 2  create(SHUFFLE, weight=2) …

23 23 Strict shuffle 1  create(SHUFFLE, pri=3) shuffle 2  create(SHUFFLE, pri=5) … Strict shuffle 1  create(SHUFFLE, pri=3) shuffle 2  create(SHUFFLE, pri=5) … Coflow Resourc e Allocation 2. Priorities [Across Apps] mappe rs reducers shuffle 1 mappe rs reducers shuffle 2 Job 1 Job 2

24 24 Coflow Resourc e Allocation 3. Dependencies [Within Apps] mappe rs reducers shuffle 2 driver broadcast (b) mappe rs reducers shuffle 1 Job 1 Job 2 aggregation(a gg) finishes_before b  create ( BCAST ) shuffle 2  create ( SHUFFLE, ord=[b ~> shuffle 2 ]) agg  create ( AGGR, ord=[shuffle 2 ~> agg]) finishes_before b  create ( BCAST ) shuffle 2  create ( SHUFFLE, ord=[b ~> shuffle 2 ]) agg  create ( AGGR, ord=[shuffle 2 ~> agg])

25 25 Coflow Resourc e Allocatio n Communication of a cluster application is represented by a partially-ordered set of coflows Network allocation takes place among these partially-ordered sets of coflows Communication of a cluster application is represented by a partially-ordered set of coflows Network allocation takes place among these partially-ordered sets of coflows S B S A S S A S


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