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Chalmers University of Technology A COMPARISON OF THE CDIO AND EUR-ACE QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEMS Johan Malmqvist Chalmers University of Technology Göteborg,

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Presentation on theme: "Chalmers University of Technology A COMPARISON OF THE CDIO AND EUR-ACE QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEMS Johan Malmqvist Chalmers University of Technology Göteborg,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chalmers University of Technology A COMPARISON OF THE CDIO AND EUR-ACE QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEMS Johan Malmqvist Chalmers University of Technology Göteborg, Sweden

2 Chalmers University of Technology Introduction CDIO, as a general idea, aims to raise the quality of the educational programs that apply the concept CDIO includes a number of components that can be classified as quality assurance tools CDIO programs are also exposed to national schemes for accreditation and evaluation International accreditation schemes are emerging, eg within the EU – CDIO adapters need to relate to these The aim of this presentation is to compare CDIO with the EUR-ACE framework & discuss similarities and differences

3 Chalmers University of Technology Outline Introduction CDIO quality assurance system components and process Bologna process outcomes EUR-ACE quality assurance system components and process Comparison Conclusions

4 Chalmers University of Technology A CDIO-based quality assurance aystem CDIO syllabus – WHAT CDIO standards – HOW CDIO self-evaluation – HOW WELL

5 Chalmers University of Technology Bologna process components Qualifications framework – 1 st (bachelor), 2 nd (master) and 3 rd (doctor) cycles ECTS credit system Learning outcomes-based approach, eg Dublin descriptors and EQF characteristics European standards for quality assurance proposed (ENQA, 2005) General, applicable to all university education Needs to complemented for particular fields and/or professional degrees

6 Chalmers University of Technology The EUR-ACE standards A framework for the accreditation of engineering degree programmes in the European Higher Education Area. The EUR-ACE standards comprise three main parts: – A set of programme outcomes for 1 st and 2 nd cycle engineering degrees. – Guidelines for programme assessment and accreditation. – A procedure for programme assessment and accreditation.

7 Chalmers University of Technology The EUR-ACE “syllabus” (my numbering) 1. Knowledge and Understanding 2. Engineering Analysis 3. Engineering Design 4. Investigations 5. Engineering Practice 6. Transferable Skills 3.1The ability to apply their knowledge and understanding to develop and realise designs to meet defined and specified requirements

8 Chalmers University of Technology Mapping EUR-ACE syllabus – CDIO syllabus Additional CDIO syllabus elements All EUR- ACE req’s are addressed

9 Chalmers University of Technology Observations The EUR-ACE syllabus lacks a structure rooted in a purpose, what do engineers do? The “EUR-ACE engineer” is essentially a “design” or “analyst” engineer, while the CDIO syllabus also addresses Implementing and Operating – a “CDIO engineer” has a broader view The CDIO syllabus differs between personal and interpersonal skills Higher level of detail in the CDIO syllabus supports interpreting what is meant by high-level statements The proficiency levels are “given” in the EUR-ACE syllabus, and in some cases differ significantly from the CDIO syllabus survey results

10 Chalmers University of Technology Proficiency levels

11 Chalmers University of Technology The EUR-ACE accreditation standards Programme educational objectives consistent with … the needs of all stakeholders and … programme outcomes and the EUR- ACE programme outcomes for accreditation A curriculum and related processes which ensure achievement of the programme outcomes Academic and support staff, facilities, financial resources etc adequate to accomplish the programme outcomes Appropriate forms of assessment which attest the achievement of the programme outcomes A management system able to ensure the systematic achievement of the programme outcomes and the continual improvement of the programme

12 Chalmers University of Technology From categories to specific requirements 1. Needs, Objectives and Outcomes 2. Educational Process 3. Resources and Partnerships 4. Assessment of the Educational Process 5. Management System 1.2 Educational Objectives Are the programme educational objectives consistent with the mission of the Higher Education Institution (HEI) and with the needs of the interested parties (such as students, industry, engineering associations, etc.)? 2.3 Learning Assessment Have examinations, projects and other assessment methods, been designed to evaluate the extent to which students can demonstrate achievement of the learning outcomes of single modules and programme outcomes respectively throughout the programme and at its conclusion?

13 Chalmers University of Technology Comparison EUR-ACE accreditation standards – CDIO standards Guidelines for Accreditation Criteria to be assessed RequirementsCDIO standard 1. Needs, Objectives and Outcomes 1.1 Needs of the Interested Parties Have the needs of the interested parties (such as students, industry, engineering associations, etc.) been identified? 1, Educational Objectives Are the programme educational objectives consistent with the mission of the Higher Education Institution (HEI) and with the needs of the interested parties (such as students, industry, engineering associations, etc.)? Programme Outcomes Do the programme outcomes cover the EUR- ACE programme outcomes for accreditation? 2 Are the programme outcomes consistent with the programme educational objectives? 1, 2

14 Chalmers University of Technology Observations 1(2) The EUR-ACE accreditation standards/criteria are “Whats”, ie they do not say how a particular criteria should be addressed Many of the criteria are measurable, but there is no declaration of what is good (enough) The CDIO standards are “Hows” which address about ¾ of the criteria Criteria that lack corresponding CDIO standard include entrance requirements, organization, financial resources, throughput time and partnerships

15 Chalmers University of Technology Observations 2(2) Some CDIO standards (4, 5, 7 and 8) have no direct EUR-ACE correspondent. These standards refer to CDIO-specific curricular and teaching elements

16 Chalmers University of Technology CDIO self-evaluation process EUR-ACE accreditation process Internal evaluatorsExternal accreditation team Internal goalsExternal goals VoluntaryCompulsory Evaluation with respect to rating scale Threshold YearlySix-year intervals Limited amount of data Comprehensive amount of data

17 Chalmers University of Technology Conclusions The CDIO syllabus is more logically structured and reflects a more encompassing view of engineering than EUR-ACE’s The proficiency levels of the CDIO and EUR-ACE are difficult to compare, but there are some signs of differences The CDIO standards provide “solutions” on how to work with about ¾ issues raised in a EUR-ACE accreditation. – Missing elements concerns, eg, financial resources, partnerships and decision-making Four CDIO standards (4, 5, 7, and 8) define educational elements which are not explicitly discussed in EUR-ACE accreditation requirements An evaluation process based on a rating scale, such as the CDIO self-evaluation model, is more useful for guiding a continuous improvement process than a threshold value scale, typical for an accreditation


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