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CONFIDENTIAL 1 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 WP4: Relationship between workpackages.

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Presentation on theme: "CONFIDENTIAL 1 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 WP4: Relationship between workpackages."— Presentation transcript:

1 CONFIDENTIAL 1 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 WP4: Relationship between workpackages

2 CONFIDENTIAL 2 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 WP4 Presentation Outline Resources and funding Deliverables in the review period Task Structure Task activity review Summary Jun. 22,

3 CONFIDENTIAL 3 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 WP4 Resources and Funding Jun. 22, Partner Effort (m/m) Total: Effort (m/m) 2009 Effort (m/m) 2010 (planned) Contract signed Advanced payment LETI (9 T4.1 / 2.5 T4.2)12 (8 T4.1 / 4 T4.2)YY CSEM240 (T4.2)12 (T4.2)NN TMPO (16 T4.2 / 2.5 T4.4)22.3 (15.8 T4.2 / 6.5 T4.4)YY ELX3612 (T4.2) YY TEKL129 (T4.2)3 (T4.2)NY ST I7220 (4 T4.2 / 16 T4.4)30 (9 T4.2 / 21 T4.4)NN ST F665.5 (T4.3)30 (T4.3)YY ISD12355 (T4.3)40 (T4.3)YN LIRM3014 (T4.5)16 (T4.5)YY NMX305 (T4.3)12 (T4.3)NN THL6014 (13 T4.3 / 1 T4.5)15 (12 T4.3 / 3 T4.5)YY UPC4212 (3 T4.1 / 9 T4.4)15 (10 T4.1 / 5 T4.4)YY UNBO238 (T4.4) NN POLI (T4.2)12 (T4.2)NN

4 CONFIDENTIAL 4 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 WP4 Meetings Face2face meetings –ST I, Agrate Brianza, Italy, April 3 rd, 2009 Participants: all WP4 partners Web meetings – November 20 th, 2009 Participants: all WP4 partners –February 26 th, 2010 Participants: all WP4 task leaders and several partners –May 21 st, 2010 Participants: all WP4 partners Jun. 22,

5 CONFIDENTIAL 5 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 WP4 Deliverables in the Review Period (1/2) Jun. 22, No.PlannedStatusExplanation D4.1.1M24 On track Reports on PV-aware (self-) adaptive compensation and optimization techniques, including on-chip monitors D4.1.2M30 Tape-out of prototype on-chip sensors and level shifter circuits for (self-) adaptive design D4.1.3M36 Report on trade-off metrics for (self-) adaptive compensation and optimization techniques D4.2.1M12 Delivered Reports on PV-tolerant asynchronous blocks and on ultra low-power circuits/architectures. Prototype asynchronous/de-synchronization flow D4.2.2M24 On track Reports on PV-tolerant noise and EMI reduction techniques, and on asynchronous and de-synchronized communication scheme benchmarking D4.2.3M24 On track Advanced asynchronous/de-synchronization flow. Delivery of the first de-synchronized design, and ultra low- power circuits/architectures D4.2.4M36 Report on PV-tolerant architectures and circuit performance analysis and current profile estimation. Synthesis and simulation of ultra low-power circuits/architectures D4.2.5M36 High-level asynchronous synthesis tool and exploitation on high-performance advanced industrial de-synchronized design. Advanced power shaping methodology and tool for low-EMI design

6 CONFIDENTIAL 6 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 WP4 Deliverables in the Review Period (2/2) Jun. 22, No.PlannedStatusExplanation D4.3.1M12 Delivered Robust architecture design specification, and SystemC model for a multi-core SoC virtual platform D4.3.2M24 On track High-level models for robust and predictable blocks and architectures, also including NVM design, and robustness assessment report D4.3.3M24 On track Functional and test specs for a validated controller for ADC and PLL components. Fault-tolerant on-chip global communication scheme on a multi-core SoC virtual platform D4.3.4M36 Validated macro blocks for controllers implementation on the multi-core SoC virtual platform. Report on signal coding for robust NVM design D4.4.1M24 On track Report on yield prediction tool and regular structures for PV- tolerant blocks D4.4.2M24 On track Report on customizable and regular architectures for homogeneous multi-threading and signal processing,. Design flow for mapping on mask-programmable blocks D4.4.3M30 Tape-out of a chip based on regular transistor arrays D4.4.4M36 Exploitation of the design flow for signal processing application mapping on the proposed regular architectures. Report on regular design impact on yield improvement D4.5.1M24 On track Report on programming methods and tools for PV-tolerant, reliable, and predictable MPSoC architectures

7 CONFIDENTIAL 7 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 WP4 Task Structure Task T4.1: Variability-aware design –Partners: LETI, UPC, STF –Definition and development of (self-) adaptive compensation and optimization techniques to cope with the increasing impact of PV variations –New adaptive voltage and frequency scaling (AVFS) techniques, which can be exploited either after testing or at run-time, will be developed Task T4.2: Variation-tolerant, robust, low-noise and low-EMI architectures/micro-architectures –Partners: ELX, CSEM, TMPO, LETI, POLI, ST I, TEKL –Development and design of advanced macro-blocks for robust and reliable systems –Adaptive architectures based on asynchronous and de-synchronization techniques –On-chip communication schemes (GALS paradigm) –Synthesis of PV-tolerant asynchronous/de-synchronized functional blocks and architectures for low-EMI design –Design of ultra low-power applications Jun. 22,

8 CONFIDENTIAL 8 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 WP4 Task Structure Task T4.3: Design of reliable systems –Partners: ISD, THL, NMX, ST F –Design of highly reliable analog, mixed-mode, digital, and Non Volatile Memory (NVM) systems based on unreliable foundations subject to large PV variations and degradation Task T4.4: Design of regular architectures and circuits for high manufacturability and yield –Partners: ST I, TMPO, UPC, UNBO –Development of customizable circuits, macro-blocks, and architectures based on regular structures, in order to improve manufacturability and predictability Task T4.5: Distributed reconfigurable PV-robust architectures –Partners: THL, LIRM –Development of MPSoC design and distributed and reconfigurable PV-tolerant architectures –Programming methods and tools for predictable and PV-robust computing architectures Jun. 22,

9 CONFIDENTIAL 9 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.1: Local Adaptive Voltage and Frequency Scaling (LETI, STF) A Local Adaptive Voltage and Frequency Scaling approach is proposed : -Allowing a local variability management -Requiring isolated Voltage Islands -Requiring isolated Frequency islands  Variability is managed at fine grain tuning dynamically V/F (WP4.1) according to on-chip diagnostic (WP3)  A Globally Asynchronous and Locally Synchronous architecture is proposed (WP4.2) Jun. 22,

10 CONFIDENTIAL 10 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.1: Design of efficient Level Shifters (UPC, LETI) ►Isolated voltage islands are requiring efficient Level Shifters developed by UPC: -Early work achieved with some delay due to non-available first year funding -A test-chip design is planned for second year so that deliverables will be completed on-time Dynamic tuning of voltage and frequency requires new Local actuators developed by LETI: -Reduce the dynamic power by DVFS -Serve as a regulator using an adaptive technique, to exchange timing margins against power budget. Jun. 22,

11 CONFIDENTIAL 11 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.2: Architectures to mitigate PV (CSEM) Block architecture: for a full adder, which is the best architecture (ripple carry, carry look- ahead) and VDD for reducing the effect of PV? At 500mV, RCA adder is about 2X slower than CSL adder at 500 mV, but σ/μ of delay is about 28% smaller due to longer critical path length. But when we compare CSL at 500mV and RCA at 600mV, we see that RCA at 600 mV architectures are about 4% faster and less power hungry and 1.8X less sensitive to intra- die device-to-device process variations. By comparing RCA at 500mV and RCA at 600mV it is clear that 21% of this improvement is due to higher VDD. Jun. 22, mV mV mV EPO Delay σ/μ 8.1%5.8%4.6% CSL: Carry Select Adder RCA: Ripple Carry Adder EPO: Energy Per Operation Effect of power supply on circuit variability

12 CONFIDENTIAL 12 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.2: Desynchronization flow and EMI reduction (ELX, POLI, ST I ) 1/2 Set up and tested an automatic flow for de-synchronization –Inherit the properties of asynchronous circuits with little effort –Use a mixture of EDA vendors Magma for the backend and Synopsys for the frontend and signoff Apply the paradigm for EMI reduction –Analyzed supply current to estimate EMI improvement –Additionally, to improve the EMI reduction, multiplexed delay lines were used to introduce local clock jitter in the Elastic Clocks Fully integrated desynchronization into the ST implementation flow: –SOC Encounter for physical design –PrimeTime for sign-off –Apache RedHawk for power rail analysis Tested on two designs: –An H.264 video encoder circuit –An ST7 8-bit microcontroller –10-15 dB EMI improvement –Augment in robustness Jun. 22,

13 CONFIDENTIAL 13 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 Jun. 22, Synthesis Floorplan,Placement CTS Routing Chip finish ECO RTL Sign-off CUSTOMER FLOW Volt. Domains, Netlist, SDC, DEF TCL script, SDC Netlist, DEF Delay line synthesis (multi-corner) Elastix circuit transformations Elastix timing closure Timing, netlist TCL script, SDC RTL, UPF Identify regions to elasticize ELASTIX DESIGN FLOW TCL script, SDC STA Tool DB Timing TCL script T4.2: Desynchronization flow and EMI reduction (ELX, POLI, ST I) 2/2

14 CONFIDENTIAL 14 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.2: Variability-tolerant low-EMI asynchronous circuits (TMPO) Tiempo contribution is to enable the design of variability-tolerant low EMI asynchronous circuits and evaluate/predict at design time the EMC behavior Tiempo first year achievements ► Set up a flow to design PVT-tolerant asynchronous cells ► Set up a flow to estimate current consumption profile and estimate EMI ► Tiempo demonstrated the flows on its asynchronous AES ciphering IP Jun. 22, Corresponding current spectrum Below -30 dB AES asynchonous circuit current curve (extracted post P&R)

15 CONFIDENTIAL 15 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.2: Robust asynchronous QDI communication for NoC (LETI) Within a Local Adaptive Voltage and Frequency Scaling Architecture for dynamic variations compensation : - Isolated voltage islands are requested (T4.1 work) - Isolated frequency islands are also requested and a GALS architecture is proposed In this GALS context, an asynchronous NoC is developed by CEA in T4.2: - During the first year, an asynchronous library cells has been developed - 32 nm technology, about 40 cells, fully characterized Jun. 22,

16 CONFIDENTIAL 16 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.2: Integration of Power Shaping technology into EDA flows (TEKL, STI) Jun. 22, Integration seamlessly into mainstream flows is done by analysing a given design using standard indudstry formats such as Verilog, SDF and SDC, and exporting modified Verilog as well as flow specific clock tree synthesis directives. TEKL has integrated its power shaping technology into a Cadence Encounter-based as well as a Synopsys ICC-based ASIC backend flow. Part of this work has been done in close collaboration with ST I. Place&Route FloorDirector® Synthesis

17 CONFIDENTIAL 17 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.3: SystemC virtual platform for multicore SoC (ISD, THL) 1/2 ISD develops a clock-accurate, transaction-level SystemC virtual platform (VP) of a multicore SoC. Once validated, the VP is extended to incorporate fault tolerance. ISD also designs highly-reliable AMS blocks, e.g. PLL Jun. 22, Shared Memory (ISD) NoC (ISD) Cluster of PEs (Thales) Interconnect SE 1 SE 2 SE N CPE 1 CPE 2 CPE N … …

18 CONFIDENTIAL 18 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 Multilayered fault tolerant approach to diagnose and recover from permanent and transient node/link faults. Methodology includes –packet encoding/retransmission, –fault tolerant routing –offline static reconfiguration. Study performance degradation due to static and dynamic faults. 18 Jun. 22, 2010 Speedup vs hypercube size for parallel sorting (no faults, 1 st version of virtual platform) T4.3: SystemC virtual platform for multicore SoC (ISD) 2/2

19 CONFIDENTIAL 19 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.3: Multi-Core Architecture (THL) 1/2 Goal –Definition and development of a flexible, highly-parameterized, user- friendly framework for exploring performance, power consumption and reliability trade-offs (different architectural and algorithmic solutions and technology process variations) in future multi-core systems Results –Integration of Thales customized processor tile in coherence with fault- tolerance scenarios selected for preliminary platform reliability evaluation –Preliminary VP models and specifications exchanged between ISD and THL –Experimentation in Thales with processor model integration and platform simulation based on preliminary test-benches Jun. 22,

20 CONFIDENTIAL 20 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.3: Multi-Core Architecture (THL) 2/2 The Network Interface Module is in charge of network protocol translation. Because the iNoC and the NoC may not use the same protocol, or share the same frequency the tile must be isolated from the NoC. Interfaces between modules are defined so that the SystemC model of this architecture allows to test any module. The simulator is based on OCP TL2. Jun. 22,

21 CONFIDENTIAL 21 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.3: Fault Tolerant NoC architecture (STF) Extended Spidergon STNoC to support fault tolerant routing through direction and destination reprogramming Both node and link faults have been considered Industrial application in STMicroelectronics products using SSTNoC technology Jun. 22,

22 CONFIDENTIAL 22 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.3: Design of Highly-reliable Non-Volatile Memory systems (NUM) 1/2 Jun. 22, shrinking of technolog y nodes increasing of the number of bit-per-cell memories more prone to errors Design of highly-reliable Non-Volatile Memory (NVM) systems To exploit advanced coding (AD) techniques and signal processing (SP) for robust NVM designAdvanced coding techniques: Convolutional codesTurbo codes Trellis Coded Modulation LDPC Signal Processing Cell-to-cell interference, TrappingDe-trapping To identify architecture solutions for an efficient implementations of AD and SP for NVM products Key Enabler for advanced coding and DSP: Soft Decisions analog or quantized (with more levels than the actual ones) read of the memory cell Rule-of-thumb: for N b/c, N+2 quantization bits are enough

23 CONFIDENTIAL 23 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 Jun. 22, Next step High level architecture of the decoder Comparison of different concatenation schemes to Minimize parity check bits Achieve high reliability target (UBER < ) Have reasonable latency overhead Current best solution: LDPC+BCH Preliminary analysis: concatenation of two codes Inner code: to improve the “channel” reliability Outer code: to “crunch” all the errors T4.3: Design of Highly-reliable Non-Volatile Memory systems (NUM) 2/2

24 CONFIDENTIAL 24 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.4: Design of Mask Programmable IPs for Fast SoC Development (STI, UNBO) Jun. 22, M1/M2 connections Regular Transistor Array Customization through Metal Layers VIA 4 connections Base-cell developed (logic) P&R to be achieved with standard CAD 2 Metal customization (M1 + M2) Standard CORE library compliance Base-tile developed (logic + routing) Tile logic fully synthesizable 1 Via customization (Via 4) All tiles identical Customization Flow (same Front-End for both solutions).dot for GraphViz ANSI C emulation HDL netlist Pseudo-C Code (Griffy) Syntax checks Pipelined architecture distillation Standard P&R CAD Flow and Signoff Automatic Via 4 Layer generation for GDS view and standard Signoff Transistor Array Tile Datapath IP Ready for integration Front-End flow already implemented Back-End flow under development Regular Tile Datapath Customization through Via Connections

25 CONFIDENTIAL 25 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.4: Definition of customizable MP architecture (UNBO, STI) Jun. 22, Programming model for application mapping on a regular multiprocessor architecture: –Results : Implementation of a compilation flow based on CUDA programming model –Future activities : High level memory transfers management through automated programming of DMA channels Hardware/software design methodology for mapping accelerators on a customizable multiprocessor architecture: –Results : Implementation of a scalable and parametric system- C (TLM) multiprocessor architecture –Future activities: Integration of accelerators emulation function with the system-C model High level management of heterogeneous distributed hardware acceleration Template architecture Design flow

26 CONFIDENTIAL 26 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.4: Development of a via-configurable regular transistor array (UPC, STI) Main Target: To develop a via-configurable regular transistor array (VCTA). The performance –area -power trade-offs of this approach for regular design will be evaluated, along with its impact on random defectivity, parametric yield, and manufacturability Highlights: VCTA basic architecture studied and implemented Basic elements and blocks implemented Regularity evaluation (part of D4.4.1, M24) using verification tools to compute geometrical regularity characteristics A paper has been submitted to VLSI SOC 2010 conference Lowlights: funding delays have affected the development of activities Work plan and on going activities: Work on regular cell fabric to integrate ( Placement and Routing ) as automatic as possible, using state of art CAD tools Jun. 22,

27 CONFIDENTIAL 27 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.4: Regular structures for variability-tolerant asynchronous circuits (TMPO, STI) Main Target: Study regular structures of variability-tolerant asynchronous circuits and evaluate their benefits on manufacturability and yield. Highlights: Study for characterization of asynchronous cells and macro-blocks completed Study of effect of variability on asynchronous circuits completed Set up of a flow to characterize asynchronous building blocks: Design of about 40 different cells and different drivers Characterization of asynchronous cells designed has been completed CAD view (.lib, functional, verilog, schematic, symbols, layout) defined Work plan and on going activities: Characterization based on technology data to evaluate benefits of circuits designed in term of manufacturability (support from industrial partner for technology data access) Jun. 22,

28 CONFIDENTIAL 28 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.5: Distributed reconfigurable PV-robust architectures (THL) –Definition of fault scenarios –Definition of specification for solving the faults described in the fault scenarios. Fault tolerance Operating Library allowing the user to detect faults and to solve detected problems. Definition of a set of functions (called through an API) that are used by the operating system running on the architecture to detect faults, and by the user to receive fault reports –From the given information, the user computes a new tile mapping for running processes After a reset of the chip, the new mapping will be used and the chip shall continue working like before the fault, without using the faulty part The new mapping implies new communication schemes –Next step includes the development of re-mapping generation tools Jun. 22,

29 CONFIDENTIAL 29 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.5: Distributed reconfigurable PV-robust architectures (LIRM) 1/2 ► Distributed, homogeneous MPSoC Architecture (HS- Scale Architecture), from model to Hardware ► Run-Time Task remapping (Self Adaptive Task Migration) ► Distributed OS developed ► Monitors (CPU load for instance) used Jun. 22, Network layer (packet switching) Hardware processing layer MIPS R3000 MIPS R3000 RAM NI Processor 32 bit type MIPS R3000 CPU No MMU, OS kernel… Simple Interface memory gcc4.0.1 cross-compiler The Network Processor Unit

30 CONFIDENTIAL 30 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 T4.5: Distributed reconfigurable PV-robust architectures (LIRM) 2/2 Jun. 22, Validation System C Model, Architecture Model Exploration (Game theory for instance) Task Migration performances

31 CONFIDENTIAL 31 MODERN 1st Year Review June 30, 2010 WP4 Summary All WP4 activities are on track and progressing according to milestones D4.2.1 and D4.3.1 delivered on time (M12) All other deliverables on track Funding situation is not good: Several national public authorities haven’t signed the contract and granted the expected funding Many WP4 partners are suffering from this situation and even if some activities were initially delayed, the strong commitment of WP4 partners to MODERN kept all WP4 activities and deliverables on track However, if lack of funding from national Pas will persist in 2010, this will impact on WP4 activities and deliverables WP4 is delivering innovative and outstanding scientific work with a prompt and timely industrial exploitation and good cooperation among the partners Jun. 22,


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