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Changes in leaf area index (LAI) due to ice storm damage at Harvard Forest Lauren Sanchez, Middlebury College In collaboration with Harvard University.

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Presentation on theme: "Changes in leaf area index (LAI) due to ice storm damage at Harvard Forest Lauren Sanchez, Middlebury College In collaboration with Harvard University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Changes in leaf area index (LAI) due to ice storm damage at Harvard Forest Lauren Sanchez, Middlebury College In collaboration with Harvard University Spring Student Symposium 2010 Lauren Sanchez, Middlebury College In collaboration with Harvard University Spring Student Symposium 2010

2 Introduction  Global carbon balance  Carbon sink  Net Ecosystem Exchange (NEE)  Long-term measurements  Factors affecting NEE measurements  Global carbon balance  Carbon sink  Net Ecosystem Exchange (NEE)  Long-term measurements  Factors affecting NEE measurements

3 Disturbance- Ice Storms  Impacts on ecosystems  Variable damage  Tree species  Nature of stand  New England ice storms  Winter 1998 and 2008  Potential impacts due to the changing climate ges/01%20Vermont%20Ice%20 Storm% jpg

4 Leaf Area Index  Interaction between vegetation and the atmosphere  Ratio = foliage surface area ground area  Values range from 0-7  Interaction between vegetation and the atmosphere  Ratio = foliage surface area ground area  Values range from 0-7  Eddy covariance method  Whole-ecosystem function approach  Measurements- sonic anemometer and eddy flux tower  Eddy covariance method  Whole-ecosystem function approach  Measurements- sonic anemometer and eddy flux tower

5 Research Question: Is there a correlation between ice storm damage and change in LAI values? Hypothesis: Plots with more ice storm damage, particularly CWD, would experience a greater decrease in LAI Research Question: Is there a correlation between ice storm damage and change in LAI values? Hypothesis: Plots with more ice storm damage, particularly CWD, would experience a greater decrease in LAI

6 Methods  Biometry component  CWD and FWD survey  Classifications, observations  Site description  Harvard Forest, Petersham, MA  Measurement locations and plots  Site description  Harvard Forest, Petersham, MA  Measurement locations and plots

7 Observed LAI values at Harvard Forest

8 A comparison of 2008 and 2009 LAI values

9 The average amount of woody biomass in each plot due to the ice storm With D4Without D4

10 The relationship between ice storm woody debris and the change in peak LAI for each plot With D4Without D4 R 2 = 0.37 R 2 = 0.09  = P= 0.172

11 The relationship between ice storm FWD and the change in peak LAI for each plot, excluding D4 R 2 = 0.32  = P=

12 Comparing the CWD, FWD, and change in LAI values between two deciduous plots

13 Discussion  The total FWD biomass is comparable to CWD  High variability between plots  Importance of FWD survey  Strong correlation between amount of ice storm damage and decrease in peak LAI  Significant relationship for FWD data  Also significant correlation for FWD data in deciduous plots  The total FWD biomass is comparable to CWD  High variability between plots  Importance of FWD survey  Strong correlation between amount of ice storm damage and decrease in peak LAI  Significant relationship for FWD data  Also significant correlation for FWD data in deciduous plots

14 Future Study  Continue to extensively track LAI values  Investigate LAI trajectories and changes in green up and peaks  Climatic modeling and PAR data to determine effect of weather  Continue to extensively track LAI values  Investigate LAI trajectories and changes in green up and peaks  Climatic modeling and PAR data to determine effect of weather

15  Steve Trombulak and Andi Lloyd  Dr. Steven C. Wofsy  Leland Werden  Tammy Connell  Department of Energy GCEP Program  Steve Trombulak and Andi Lloyd  Dr. Steven C. Wofsy  Leland Werden  Tammy Connell  Department of Energy GCEP Program Acknowledgements  Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences  Harvard Forest  Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences  Harvard Forest


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