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1 Why Go Into Research ? The funding process & sources of funding. How to apply for funding ? How to manage a funded project ? Dr. Marek Rebow innovation.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Why Go Into Research ? The funding process & sources of funding. How to apply for funding ? How to manage a funded project ? Dr. Marek Rebow innovation."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Why Go Into Research ? The funding process & sources of funding. How to apply for funding ? How to manage a funded project ? Dr. Marek Rebow innovation research skills education enterprise

2 2 FACULTY OF ENGINEERING School of Electrical Engineering Systems School of Electronic and Communications Engineering School of Mechanical and Transport Engineering School of Civil and Building Services Engineering School of Manufacturing and Design Engineering Faculty of Engineering Research in a Nutshell Faculty of Engineering

3 3 Faculty of Engineering Research in a Nutshell CONTRACT RESEARCHERS as on 1 st NOVEMBER 2008 SFI STOKES Professor: 1 SFI STOKES Lecturer: 2 Research Assistants: 1 Postdoctoral Fellows:10 Research Associates/Managers: 8 TOTAL: 22 POSTGRADUATE RESEARCHERS as on 1 st NOVEMBER 2008 School Civil & Build. Services Manufac & Design Mech & Trans. Electrical Eng. Sys. Electronic & Comm. Whole Time Part Time Over Run Submitted Temp withdrawn TOTAL:112 (25 faculty)

4 4 RESEARCH INCOME: Research income in 2007: Research income in 2007: €3,500,000 Research income by October 2008: €1,800,000 Value of research proposals under evaluations: €8,083,000 Value of research proposals not approved in 2008: €3,317,000 POSTGRADUATE RESEARCH SUPERVISORS as on 1 st NOVEMBER 2008 School of Electrical Engineering Systems: 16 School of Electronic and Communications Eng.: 10 School of Manufacturing and Design Eng.: 6 School of Mechanical and Transport Eng.: 4 School of Civil and Building Services Eng.: 9 Internal supervisors from the Faculty & DIT: 7 TOTAL: 52 Faculty of Engineering Research in a Nutshell

5 5 The recently established DIT’s Graduate Research School (GRS) is the new 'virtual' entity designed to support and develop graduate research education across the organisation and to define the DIT community of research students and research student supervisors. The GRS enables the provision of generic skills training to all researchers to meet the challenge of interdisciplinary research, in addition to providing transferable skills modules which help PhD students to develop the skills required to effectively manage their PhD research project and improve their future career prospects. The following R&D training blocks are available:  research environment,  research techniques / methodology,  personal effectiveness,  research management,  specific skills,  communication,  team work,  career management,  induction/personal development plan. DIT’s Graduate Research School

6 6 As part of the new research student’s induction programme, students will be asked to complete a Skills Needs Analysis Report. The aim of this report is to assist students in identifying the key skills that they already have and those they will need acquire to effectively manage their research project. The information provided in this skills analysis exercise will be used by the student and supervisor to establish the student’s personal development plan. Under the Strategic Innovation Fund (SIF), Cycle 2 DIT has been awarded significant funding to establish the ‘Dublin Regional Higher Education Alliance (DRHEA)’, including Graduate Education programme training and sharing of modules among IoTs and Universities. DIT’s Graduate Research School

7 7 DIT International Collaborative Research  25 Countries in the EU  China  India  USA  South America

8 8 Audio Research Group (Centre of Excellence) Research Groups/Centres/Institutes within the Faculty of Engineering Antennas & High Frequency Research Group Applied Optoelectronics Centre Communications Network Research Institute (CNRI)Dublin Energy LabElectrical Power Research GroupCentre for Elastomeric ResearchNational Institute for Transport LogisticBiomedical Engineering, Assistive Technology and Health Informatics

9 9 The Biomedical Engineering, Assistive Technology and Health Informatics research group “TeaPOT”, consolidates its members' ongoing research into technology that interacts with humans and the human body - People Orientated Technology (POT). The group's activities include research and teaching in biomedical signal processing, human-computer interfaces, assistive technology, rehabilitation engineering and health informatics. TeaPOT (http://teapot.dit.ie) is involved in collaborations with Enable Ireland, the National Rehabilitation Hospital (NRH), St. James' Hospital, the Central Remedial Clinic (CRC) and Age Action Ireland. The Group consists of 6 faculty, 1 postdoctoral fellow, 3 PhD researchers and collaborates closely with biomedical engineering group in Bolton St which encompasses 8 faculty and 6 PhD researchers.

10 10 The Audio Engineering and Speech Processing research group has had a number of significant achievements in sound source separation, time scale modification, and automatic music transcription. They are lead partner to a European Commission FP6 funded project EASAIER and an Enterprise Ireland Commercialisation project IMAAS. Sound source separation, a novel method for extraction of an instrument from a recorded ensemble (ADRess: Azimuth Discrimination and Resynthesis, by Dan Barry) has resulted in a successful patent and subsequent licensing agreement with a leading audio research company (http://www.audioresearchgroup.com/) The Group compromises: 1 PI, 1 senior researcher, 2 faculty, 1 postdoc, 7 PhD/MPhil researchers Audio Research Group (Centre of Excellence)

11 11 Photonics Research Group The Photonics Research Group is within the Applied Optoelectronics Centre. The Group is undertaking research in a number of areas of photonics and optical fiber communications. The Centre was founded in 1996 by Dr. Farrell, who is the Centre Director. The Centre is located in the School of Electronic and Communications Engineering in the Dublin Institute of Technology on the Kevin St. Campus. The group consists of 6 Ph.D. graduate students, 2 post-docs and 2 members of the academic staff, under the leadership of the Principle Investigator, Dr. Gerald Farrell. Researchers of this group have invented a single-loop, single-mode fibre sensor that is one tenth the cost of a FBG sensor. To analyse the sensor data, a simple Ratiometric Power Measurement (RPM) technique is used which costs significantly less than traditional tunable laser based or interferometric interrogation techniques. Inexpensive Disposable Fibre Temperature Sensor

12 12 The CNRI has origins in the School of Electronic and Communications Engineering and is headed-up by Dr. Mark Davis. The research staff complement currently stands at 3 Postdoctoral Fellows, 1 Research Assistant, 3 PhD and 3 MPhil full-time candidates. Communications Network Research Institute (CNRI) The CNRI is funded under a SFI Multi-Investigator Award and under an Enterprise Ireland Informatics Initiative project. The CNRI is undertaking research in the area of wireless networks and specifically the IEEE family of wireless LAN standards. The main focus of the work is in radio resource management for quality of service (QoS) provisioning. QoS provisioning is a critical element in the delivery of real-time services such as Voice over IP (VoIP) and video streaming over wireless networks

13 13 Antenna & High Frequency Research Group specialises in the analysis, design and measurement of RF and microwave devices for wireless communications and medical applications. Current research themes include Multiband & Wideband Antennas for Portable Communications, Base-Stations Antennas, Hyperthermia Antennas and Antennas for Sensor Networks. Equipped with a comprehensive range of analysis methods, manufacturing equipment and a measurement laboratory, the team can rapidly expedite ideas to qualified prototypes. This multi-national group of researcher is directed by Dr Max Ammann in the School of Electronic & Communications Engineering and comprises personnel who range from MSc studentships to post-doctoral levels. Antennas & High Frequency Research Group

14 14 The Dublin energy lab (DEL) is a leader in science and engineering energy research in Ireland with an associated staff of 24 academics, 4 full time researchers, 18 full and part time PhD researchers and MPhil researchers. DEL conducts research across a range of disciplines with key efforts organised into themes of o electrical power o energy policy o low carbon buildings o solar energy o sustainable energy technologies Dublin Energy Lab Electrical Power Research Group

15 15 The Electrical Power Research Group aims to develop a world class energy interface facility to advance leading research in power quality conditioning and in integration of wind and solar energy to the network. The group comprises two principal researchers, four academics and four PhD research students (www.eleceng.dit.ie/eprg/).www.eleceng.dit.ie/eprg/ They collaborate with the Power Quality Laboratory at Texas AM University and have established an international research consortium in fuel cell engineering. The fuel cell team has entered into partnership with colleagues from other centres at DIT and is partner to a Leonardo Da Vinci project in fuel cell engineering (www.fuelcellknowhow.com).www.fuelcellknowhow.com Electrical Power Research Group

16 16 Centre for Elastomeric Research The Centre for Elastomeric Research led by Dr Stephan Jerrams offers FEM modelling and equi-biaxial dynamic testing of hyperelastic and viscoelastic materials (fatigue, swelling, stress softening and relaxation), including magnetorheological elastomers, through their unique DYNAMET system, funded by Enterprise Ireland. This research group comprises principal and advisory researchers, 2 postdoctoral researchers, 3 PhD students and has developed strong collaborations with German Institute of Rubber Technology (DIK), the universities of Dundee, Portsmouth, London, Lyon and Warsaw. (http://www.dit.ie/research/centres/nlmrg/).

17 17 National Institute for Transport & Logistics (NITL) has establish its expertise in supply chain management (SCM) and logistics throughout a number of research funded projects and close research links with several leading logistics/SCM research organisations, including Heriot-Watt University, University of Hull, Cranfield University Transport Engineering Research Group, including low noise / low cost solutions for night deliveries, flight related deep venous thrombosis and application of behavioural decision theory to the Irish road freight industry. Members of this group are also involved in a number of EC FP6 projects (BESTUFS, SCILENSE, NICHES, POLIS, Interreg IVB BAPTS) and collaborations with Dublin City Council, SenterNovem Netherlands, Noise Abatement Society UK, Bombardier Aerospace and VENTAC. The project manager, Roisin Byrne and lead researcher, Hugh Finlay, have been recently appointed to the EC experts group on Transport Research (http://www.nitl.ie/) National Institute for Transport Logistic

18 18 Research Signature Areas Faculty of Engineering o Biomedical Engineering, Assistive Technologies & Health Informatics o DSP: Audio & Speech Processing, Bio-imaging and Computer Vision Systems, Cryptology and Information Security o Sustainable Energy & Transport Systems o Wireless Communications o Engineering Education o Optical Sensing o Characterization of Elastomers and Smart Materials

19 19 Definition of research A standard, textbook definition of scientific research is: Scientific research is the systematic, controlled, empirical and critical investigation of natural phenomena guided by theory and hypotheses about the presumed relations among such phenomena. (Kerlinger 1986, page 10) This definition can be simplified to: Scientific research is asking questions in a systematic way to obtain answers that will be meaningful and can be replicated.

20 20Problem Goal  Sub- problems Hypothesis  Collection of data  Inter- pretation of data Research is a cyclical process Research is, by its nature, cyclical Paul Leedy, "Practical Research: Planning and Design" Mathematical or/ and numerical modeling Experiments Validation

21 21 Grand challenge problems are areas where the problems are demonstrably hard to solve, suggesting that our capabilities to solve the problem(s) will require improvements of several orders-of-magnitude. Grand challenge problems are of economic and social importance. Most grand challenges are interdisciplinary in that they substantively consider 1) the inherent complexity of nature and society, 2) the consequent desire to explore basic research questions at the interfaces of disciplines, 3) the need to solve societal problems, and 4) the power of new technologies (National Academies, Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research, 2004). Grand challenge problems

22 22 $25 Million ‘Virgin Earth Challenge’ Sir Richard Branson and Al Gore have set up a new global science and technology prize -? The Virgin Earth Challenge - which will award $25 million to the individual or group who are able to demonstrate a commercially viable design which will remove at least 1 billion tons of atmospheric carbon dioxide per year for at least ten years without harmful effects. The removal must have long term effects and contribute materially to the stability of the Earth’s climate. The Virgin Earth Challenge It is the largest science and technology prize ever offered. Recently, The Board of Electricity Supply Board (ESB) in Ireland approved a Strategic Framework to 2020 that will see major company investment in renewable energy, the halving of its carbon emissions within 12 years, and the achievement of carbon net-zero by Fifty percent of the overall investment package is geared towards investments in our renewable future. €4bn of this will be directly invested in renewable energy projects and €6.5bn will be spent facilitating renewables including smart metering and smart networks. The Board of Electricity Supply Board (ESB) - €4 Billion

23 23 o Biogerontechnology o Energy Storage Materials o Biofuels and Bio-Based Chemicals o Clean Coal Technologies o Service Robotics o The Internet of Things Disruptive Civil Technologies Six Technologies with Potential Impacts on US Interests out to 2025 Emerging research signature areas ?

24 24 " Since we cannot be universal and know all that is to be known of everything, we ought to know a little about everything. For it is far better to know something about everything than to know all about one thing.“ B. Pascal ( ) Can we know all about everything ? Interdisciplinary research group

25 25 Funds PI 3PD 1T VS 5PG Priority researcharea RESEARCH TEAM Critical Mass Proposal Information/ Support Filter on the basis of quality (peer review)  Interdisciplinary RSU, OGS&R Workshops/ Seminars Technical/ Administ- rartion Staff International Collaboration/ Sabbaticals EU Training Courses/ IUTAM Summer Schools External Research Infrastructure, (Tyndall National Institute, ICHEC) 7FP COST SMEs – outsourcing Community Engagement RFP UREKA OUTPUTS Graduates research experience Research outputs Innovation outputs Visible research strengths Partnerships with extended knowledge actors & stakeholders QUALITY The quality of the outputs in turn impacts on the ability of the Faculty to attract research income Internal funding: e.g. Abbest, CaBS External funding: Model(s) of research groups/teams ?

26 26 Examples of open problems in computer science  If one-way functions do not exist then public key cryptography is impossiblepublic key cryptography  To what degree can one speed up a computation in various architectures – a single processor, grid, distributed network, etc. ? Amdahl's law ?  What is an optimal unit-execution-time (UET) scheduling algorithm for 3 processors with precedence constraints ? Electrical & Electronic & Software Engineering - exciting research fields. There are many opportunities for innovation, creating new technology, and designing and developing new research prototypes and products, in areas ranging from the most mathematical and theoretical to the most experimental. Researchers are members in a community of scholars and innovators. The research community contributes much that is important and valuable to society, and a career as a researcher can be enormously and personally satisfying. PROBLEMS FOR RESEARCH ARE EVERYWHERE !!!

27 27 Are you  curious about the whys and hows of things ?  persistent in your approach ?  an independent thinker and worker ?  creative and innovative ?  disciplined and focused when you need to be ? Researcher’s attributes The value of a research qualification  Can enhance your job prospects  Allows in-depth study of a particular subject of interest  Enables you to develop highly transferable skills, such as: autonomous learning and project management in-depth critical appraisal abilities well honed analytical and research skills creativity, problem solving and lateral thinking the capacity to spot patterns and trends commercial awareness After Dr. Gerald Farrell You can undertake postgraduate research YES

28 28 Your career ?

29 29 Values of the twenty-first century engineer After A. Pais

30 30 In philosophy, the concept of holism encompasses the idea that “the whole is greater than the sum of its parts”. The modern engineer will be able to see connections between seemingly disparate components and integrate them so that their combined value is greater than the sum of the values of the individual components. This ability will be acquired by an accumulated knowledge and creativity developed over time as a result of an interest in not only engineering but also other fields such as arts, science, humanities and commerce. Twenty-first century engineers should be well-rounded, well-balanced individuals who are capable of relating to people from a variety of backgrounds. They should not be driven by monetary reward alone but by the pride, satisfaction and enjoyment that comes from doing things that are particularly useful. Although their day-to-day work might involve solving very specific technical problems, they should be aware that their work is part of a ‘bigger picture’. Values of the twenty-first century engineer

31 31 Scientists’ and Engineers’ Job Satisfaction

32 32 The Knowledge-based Economy:  knowledge as a product  knowledge workers Building the Knowledge-based Economy in Europe European Union Research Policy – Lisbon Strategy Growth and Jobs Innovation Education Research  target for R&D: 2.5% GNP by 2010,  ranking in top six countries in scientific publications and citations,  researchers as proportion of total employment doubling,  a doubling of enterprises performing R&D and of sales/exports from products/processes,  university patenting, spin-out and licensing activity comparable to norms of leading US institutions ‘Building Ireland’s Knowledge Economy’ (2004) The Report of the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs said that by 2010 we will require an increase in the Irish research population from 10,200 (measured in 2003) to 18,300 (in 2010). The output of PhDs will rise from 450 per annum in 2002/2003 to 900 per annum in DIT Targets for Research and Scholarship by 2010  60 new research posts,  30% of academic staff are research active,  500 peer reviewed papers pa,  600 research students (400 PhD),  50 postdoctoral appointments The generation of PhD and research degrees as a key for success in knowledge economy !

33 33 Labour Intensive, low value-added activities Knowledge Intensive, high value-added activities A Time of Transition After Martin Cronin, Chief Executive, Forfás European Labour Market for Researchers

34 34 R&D the new Manufacturing ?

35 35 Competing on Knowledge Research Converted to Knowledge & Technology Research Converted to Knowledge & Technology Innovation Knowledge & Technology Converted to Innovation Knowledge & Technology Converted to Innovation/ R&D Production of Goods/Services Sales & Marketing Integrated Value Chain After Martin Cronin, Chief Executive, Forfás

36 36 Value Added in Manufacturing

37 37 Value Added in Tradable Services

38 38 Salaries and Career Progression

39 39 Destinations after Graduation

40 40

41 41

42 42 Guidelines for Contract Researchers Salary Scales 2007

43 43 Tomorrow’s Skills. Towards a National Skills Strategy

44 44 Employment in Ireland by Sector

45 45 Source: Kline and Rosenberg (1986) (C) a central chain of innovation involving the identification of a potential market followed by design and testing of the idea, leading to market entry. (f) feed-back loops to depict the trial and error nature of the process. (F) the most important source of feed-back is from testing the idea in the market. (K) the existing stock of knowledge (R) research - new knowledge, (1) & (2) the problem might be solved by reference to the existing stock of knowledge (3) research undertaken (4) outcomes of research is uncertain as the problem may be insoluble. The chain-link model of innovation

46 46 ‘Although the transmission of knowledge is critical to social and economic development, general advancement of knowledge comes through research-based acts of discovery. This is why the research function of the university matters. It is through research that universities add to the shared stock of human knowledge. Research efforts can be problem-directed in their nature, taking as their starting point issues and concerns emerging from everyday life. Research efforts can also be curiosity driven, motivated primarily by the interests of researchers who might gain their inspiration from a variety of questions or puzzles, and who approach their research using concepts and methods, representing the accumulation of knowledge in their given disciplines or fields of inquiry (Strandburg, 2005).’ The chain-link model of innovation

47 47 A general model of the research process Michael Mintrom, Managing the research function of the university: pressures and dilemmas Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management Vol. 30, No. 3, August 2008, p. 231–244

48 48 Options for managing the research function

49 49 Options for managing the research function

50 50 Contact details: Tom Flanagan Head of Commercialisation DIT Hothouse, Aungier St P: +353 (1) E: Intellectual Property (IP) Policy “He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine, as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me”. As Thomas Jefferson, the father of the US patent system put it, “He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine, as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me”. The US Constitution is a relatively short document, but protection of discovery and innovation was thought important enough to be included: “Congress shall have power to promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. [Article I, section 8]

51 51 “At DIT we are leading the way with our new IP policy” said President Norton. “It is unique in Ireland and most of Europe. The fact that the creator can own their own IP encourages staff and students to be innovative. It makes DIT an attractive place to work for leading researchers, authors and inventors, and enhances our reputation for excellence and industry relevance”. In addition to the new policy, DIT set up Hothouse the Innovation and Technology Transfer Centre at DIT, to help inventors and authors protect and commercialise their IP. Tom Flanagan leads the Hothouse team and has successfully negotiated licences for DIT technologies with SONY, Sherman Williams, General Paints, ABB etc and many more are in the pipeline. DIT New Intellectual Property Policy

52 52 DIT’s new Intellectual Property (IP) policy The following table shows the distribution of net revenue received for licences or equity sales made by DIT for IP that is assigned to it:  Where the owner assigns their IP to DIT to commercialise then DIT will return 65% of net proceeds to the inventor, whereas most IP firms will only return 10-20%.  Where IP was developed using substantial DIT resources and is commercialised by the inventor or author, only 10% of Net Revenues will be claimed by DIT.  Inventors can also ask Hothouse to assign back IP that was originally assigned to DIT and in these cases DIT will only claim 10% of any net revenues received.

53 53 A spin-out company: research, technology transfer and company growth Some industrialists believe that academics never deliver what they promise, and some academics believe the objectives of all industrialists is to steal their ideas. Of course, these preconceptions are misconceptions, and the challenge for the technology transfer staff is to help correct the misconceptions. If the intermediary can persuade the academic that he will not allow the industrialist to steal the academic’s ideas, and can persuade the industrialist that this academic does deliver on promises, then, quite often, the antagonists discover the inaccuracy of their initial prejudices. The industrialist finds that the academic is, in fact, quite hard working and does, in fact, deliver. The academic finds that industrialists are, on the whole, honest and often have some very useful resources.

54 54 A spin-out company: research, technology transfer and company growth

55 55 Which Route: Taught ME or MPhil or PhD by Research ?  Taught programmes offer well defined route but less research experience.  MPhil takes months, less well defined but greater independent research experience.  PhD takes 3-4 years, demands not just more time but greater level of originality.  Route depends on aptitude/circumstances; can start out then progress higher. After Dr. Gerald Farrell Which Route: Full-time.V. Part-time?  Part-time research degrees are increasingly popular with engineers in employment  Employers may provide support, but may require lock-in contract  Research may relate to work, but caution may be needed with conflicts relating to timing and IP  Route depends on circumstances and employer support

56 56

57 57 Source of Funding DIT internal research funding 1. Abbest PhD Scholarship 2. STRAND I (HEA) – MPhil, PhD 3. Capacity Building Scheme (CaBS) for Strategic Research (old) 4. STRAND III (HEA) Two of the major routes for external funding are:  Employment as a research assistant by research programmes funded by bodies such as Science Foundation Ireland (SFI), Entreprise Ireland (EI) or EU 7th Framework Programme  Postgraduate stipends under the Embark Programme administered on behalf of the Government by the Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology (IRCSET)

58 58  aimed at exceptional candidates who have an exciting or innovative idea for Doctoral research  grants €16,000 p.a., plus €2,000 towards research expenses and fees  duration 3.5 years  applicants formulate their own research proposal,  closing date May 2009 DIT ABBEST PhD Scholarship Programme

59 59 IRCSET: Postgraduate Research Funding Terms and Conditions  Total Value: €24,000 max per annum  €16,000 goes directly to the student with the remainder available to fund other forms of support such as fees, appropriate travel and other expenses. A social insurance contribution is also provided for, in addition to the above  The exact amount will vary depending on individual circumstances, but for a typical single person with only standard tax credits it is equivalent to approximately €18,900.  Scholars encouraged to participate in appropriate conferences  Scholarship paid to Research Body in quarterly instalments  Review of progress: yearly reports  Open to those commencing a research degree for the 1 st time in Ireland in the Autumn of the year of application  Qualifications: normally 1 st class results, few upper 2 nd class honours degree & other factors  PhD funding: 3 years, Masters funding 1 year, extensions are possible  Two calls per year: closing April (up to 150 scholarships ) & July (up to 30 scholarships)

60 60 IRCSET: Postgraduate Research Funding The Application Process  Practise writing your personal statement and get this up to scratch. Talk it over with your career’s advisors.  Look into project areas that interest you  Approach potential referees  Assessment: 10% Research project: need to show focus, discuss this with potential supervisor 30% Academic Career: your CV 30% Personal Statement: need to show that research is a considered career path, 30% References: get the referees to comment on just how fabulous you are! This will also include your position in class.

61 61 The programme supports students in computing and those working at the intersection of computing and the sciences. Areas of interest:  Computational Biology,  Computational Ecology and Environment Science,  Computer-Mediated Living (including Integrated Systems, Sensors and Devices, and Socio-Digital Systems),  Constraint Reasoning, Machine Learning and Perception (including Applied Games, Computer Vision, Information Retrieval, and Machine Learning),  Natural Computation,  Programming Principles and Tools (including Security),  Systems and Networking (including Distributed Systems, Networking, and Operating Systems). The Microsoft Research European PhD Scholarship Programme

62 62  Applications will only be accepted through a student’s institution,  Any student who has been accepted by a university in Europe to start a PhD or who will have completed no more than one year of their PhD by October 2007 is eligible.  Two strong letters of recommendation (preferably not from the supervisor)  Each Microsoft scholar will be awarded a bursary of up to 33,000 euros per year up to a maximum of three years,  Awards will be made by 1 July 2007  At the end of the second year of their PhD, some of the scholars may be offered in Microsoft Research’s sole discretion an internship in one of the Microsoft Research laboratories  At the end of the first year of their PhD, scholars will be invited to Microsoft Research Cambridge for a summer school that includes a series of talks of academic interest and a poster session, which will give the scholars the opportunity to present their work to Microsoft researchers and a number of Cambridge academics The Microsoft Research European PhD Scholarship Programme – Terms and Conditions

63 63 Research Funding Agencies The Irish Government pursues a carefully planned, integrated R&D strategy encompassing all of the key elements necessary to achieve world-class R&D. Government agencies have developed a range of new initiatives to encourage pooled projects and attract world-class scientists to carry out research in Ireland. This inclusive way of bringing together industry and academia has led to a boom in research projects. More than 10,000 researchers are working on cutting edge R&D projects in Ireland. Flexible funding mechanisms are available for research by industry and by academics, individually or in collaboration. Funding programmes are implemented by the following agencies: IDA Ireland Enterprise Ireland Higher Education Authority Science Foundation Ireland Environmental Protection Agency Sustainable Energy Ireland

64 64 Ireland’s intellectual property laws provide companies with generous incentives to innovate. The Irish tax system offers huge support to turn brilliant ideas into the finished article. A highly competitive corporate tax rate of 12.5% is a major incentive. No tax is paid on earnings from intellectual property where the underlying R&D work was carried out in Ireland. Incentives for Industry IDA Ireland (Industrial Development Agency) Schemes:  Feasibility and Training Support. Support for first time research and development activity  RD&I Support: Support for companies with existing research and development activity  Collaborative R&D projects  The Innovation Partnership Initiative  EU Framework Programme  R&D Tax Credit  Stamp Duty on Intellectual Property

65 65 Industry Research Partnership Industry involvement with SFI Investigator Programmes SFI strongly encourages research collaboration between SFI funded scientists & engineers and industry. Such interactions can lead to SFI scientists & engineers becoming more informed about industrial priorities and research needs; and lead to industrial collaborators being informed about important new science and engineering research developments in Ireland. Science Foundation Ireland

66 66 R & D Funding R & D Funding Enterprise Ireland's R&D funding supports market-led innovation in manufacturing and services companies. Innovation Vouchers Innovation Vouchers A new initiative to boost innovation in small companies by building links between your company and the Research community. New to R&D? New to R&D? Through our R&D awareness initiative, we can help companies that have not previously been involved in R&D to get started. R & D Management R & D Management We support training on R & D techniques and Innovation under our Innovation Management Initiative Technology Acquisition Acquiring technologies developed by others is an effective way to enhance your company's performance. Technology Acquisition R&D within your Enterprise

67 67 We provide support in three phases: Proof of Concept PhaseProof of Concept Phase - €50,000-€100,000 over a 12 month period Technology Development PhaseTechnology Development Phase - €100k to €400k; months. Business Development Phase - CORDBusiness Development Phase - CORD Under this phase we also offer support through our Enterprise Platform Programme - EPPEnterprise Platform Programme - EPP Commercialisation Fund

68 68 Innovation Partnerships R&D Support  Maximum Grant €190,000 (EI contribution)  Duration 6 Months - 2 Years  Variable Grant Rate (50% - 75%)  Dedicated  Dedicated researcher & research facilities  Access  Access to up-to-date science / technology  Duration  Duration 6 to 24 months  Skills  Skills availability post-project  Reduced  Reduced R&D costs to company Key Features / Benefits RESEARCH PROJECT

69 69 Company College PI Innovation Research Outline proposal Full Proposal Feasibility Technical Assessment Commercial Assessment OK NRSFB New Product or process Max €190K EI grant Max €9K EI grant EI Assessment 6 wks 90% Funded Project Company 25-50% Enterprise Ireland 50-75% Innovation Partnerships R&D Support

70 70 Planning a grant application Imagine a proposal that is due on June 5th. A great deal must occur before the application deadline. The hypothetical schedule below for the typical grant proposal assumes a concentration of effort in the final month. Be prepared to:During/By: Think Outline Seek advice Rethink Write Prepare a draft budget Revise Ask colleagues to review draft Revise Finalise budget (with research accountant) Solicit final review by colleagues Revise and proofread Submit for internal sign-off Package Submit to funding agency September-December January Early February Mid February March April 1-15 April May 1-10 May May June 1-8 June 2 June 4 June 5

71 71 Objectives: oTo support innovative, cutting-edge and internationally competitive research in a broad range of disciplines in Science, Mathematics and Engineering. oTo establish a mechanism of looking forward to allow for changes in strategic areas in the future. oTo provide a broad base of support to underpin the strategic areas of Biotechnology, Information & Communications Technology, and Sustainable Energy & Energy-Efficient Technologies. oTo provide advanced education and training for young researchers in a wide variety of areas. How to apply for funding ? Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) Research Frontiers Programme (RFP)

72 72 How to manage a funded project ?

73 73 How to manage a funded project ? Gantt Chart

74 74 Work package 1: Project Management and Communication Duration: months 1-24 Aim: Overall management and communications for the EAOS project Activities:  Overall management of the research project and its activities  Project communications  Ensure on-time delivery of all project scientific and technical deliverables.  Organise meetings of the project partners as required plenary meetings of the project partners every four months  Co-ordinate activities of the partners in acquiring further funding support for the research  Together with WP6 co-ordinator ensure maximum impact of project outputs by appropriate dissemination. Milestones & Deliverables: Milestone: 1.A successful demonstration of optical sensing in each of the three application areas. Deliverables: 1.End of Year 1 report on the project to DIT 2.Final report on the project to DIT 3.EAOS workshop organised 4.Project meetings organised How to manage a funded project ?

75 75 Work package 2: Solutions for Optical Sensing Applications Duration: months 1-24 Aim: Research to develop application specific optical sensing solutions for Fast Measurement of Low Strain Values, using a common sensor interrogation system Activities:  Optimisation of the bend loss filter design and characteristics to achieve a high sensitivity to low values of strain  Development of a high-speed interrogation technique for analysis of multiple sensors  Calibration of the sensor interrogation system for operation in a “real world” conditions, separation between temperature and pressure effects, temperature stabilization etc.  Embedding of fibre optic sensors within a working environment for each of the specific applications, e.g., sensor mounting, protection etc. Milestones & Deliverables: Milestone: 1.Optimal bend loss filter specification (optical and mechanical) for high speed, low strain value sensing. 2.Versatile calibration technique which can deal with a variety of different application areas and sensor conditions 3.Understanding of the protection requirements for optical sensors in the three different application areas 4.Reliable application specific techniques for sensor attachment and/or embedding Deliverables: 1.A fast and accurate sensor interrogation system which can be adapted to suit the requirements of each of the three named application areas in the EAOS project 2.Journal and conference publications on fast low strain interrogation of optical sensors (see WP6) 3.A technical report/guide on the embedding and protection of optical sensors for a range of application areas, as a guide to other users who may wish to employ optical sensing in their applications How to manage a funded project ?

76 76 Work package 6: Dissemination for the EAOS project Duration: months 1-24 Aim: To disseminate knowledge of the project and its outcomes to a broad audience of fellow academics, students and industry Activities:  Preparation of joint publications in journals and at conferences  Development of a dedicated web presence for dissemination  Preparation of joint publications in trade and other relevant magazines  Workshop organisation Milestones & Deliverables: Milestones: 1.An interim dissemination report at the end of Year 1 2.A final dissemination report at the end of the project. Deliverables: 1.At least four joint international journal papers and six joint conference papers with high impact factors per year. 2.Dedicated dissemination web page, 3.Promotion of the project outcomes on the web sites of the Applied Optoelectronics Centre (http://www.aoc.dit.ie/) and the Faculty and DIT websites. 4.Presentation of research reports for DIT and other student research seminars; 5.Two appropriate articles in industry trade magazines 6.An article in the Enterprise Ireland publication “Technology Ireland” describing the EAOS project. 7.Organisation of a EAOS workshop How to manage a funded project ?

77 77 Months WP1: Project Management and Coordination D4 D1 D4 D3 D4 M1 D2 D4 WP2: Solutions for Optical Sensing Applications M1 M2 M3 M4D1D3 D2 WP3: Strain sensing for robotic surgical instruments M1M2D1D2D4 D3 WP4: Strain sensing of noise fields M1D1M2D2D3 D4 WP5: Strain and Temperature Measurement for Functionally Graded Materials M1M2D3D4 D1, D2 WP6: Dissemination for the EAOS project D2D3M1 D5 D7 D6M2 D1, D4 WP7: Teaching and Learning Impact of the EAOS project M1D4 M2 D5 D1, D2, D3 How to manage a funded project ? Gantt Chart

78 78 "Aeroplanes are not designed by science, but by art in spite of some pretence and humbug to the contrary. I do not mean to suggest that engineering can do without science, on the contrary, it stands on scientific foundations, but there is a big gap between scientific research and the engineering product which has to be bridged by the art of the engineer “. - British Engineer to the Royal Aeronautical Society, 1922

79 79 No to PowerPoint Poisoning Thank You !!! Questions ? Dr. Marek Rebow, Head of Research, Faculty of Engineering Dublin Institute of Technology Bolton Street, E-Block, Dublin 1, Ireland Phone: (0) / 8013 Mobile: (0)


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