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Chapter 2 Contracting Authorities and Structure Nov 11, v5.

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1 Chapter 2 Contracting Authorities and Structure Nov 11, v5

2 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Learning Objectives Terminal Objectives Explain your role and responsibilities in a contingency contracting environment Enabling Objectives Define contingency contracting Explain the difference between command and contracting lines of authority Identify contracting structure Describe the contracting support organizations Compare various contracting support organizations

3 Learn. Perform. Succeed. What is Contingency Contracting? The term ‘Contingency Contracting’ means All stages of the process of acquiring property or services by DoD during a Contingency Operation in the continental United States (CONUS) or outside the continental United States (OCONUS) ‘Contingency Operation’ [10 U.S.C. 101(a)(13)] means a military operation that: –Designated by Secretary of Defense when armed forces used against an enemy; or –Declared by President or Congress when Reserves activated under Title 10, U.S.C. –(FAR 2.101)

4 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Where do you research how to contract in a contingency? FAR 18 DPAPSS/DFARS/PGI ACC


6 Learn. Perform. Succeed. 6 Command and Contracting Lines of Authority Example ASA (ALT) SecArmy SAFUSD (AT&L) Defense Contracting Agencies Contracting Authority SecDef CENTCOM MNF-I SAF(AQ) Weapon Systems Support AFMC **DLA/CFLCC Command Authority CJTF-101 PARC-IPARC-A USACE GRD/AED LOGCAP AFCEE ACC AMC Head of Contracting Activity (HCA)

7 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Geographic Combatant Commands

8 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Secretary of Defense Unified Combatant Commands Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff US European Command EUCOM US Special Operations Command SOCOM US Transportation Command TRANSCOM US Strategic Command STRATCOM US Africa Command AFRICOM US Central Command CENTCOM US Pacific Command PACOM US Southern Command SOUTHCOM US Northern Command NORTHCOM Geographical Combatant Commands Functional Combatant Commands Unified Combatant Commands

9 Learn. Perform. Succeed. AFRICOM - Kelley Barracks, Stuttgart, GE Air ForceArmyNavyMarinesSpecial Ops U.S. Air Forces Africa (USAFAF) U.S. Army Africa (USARAF) Naval Forces Africa (NAVAF) U.S. Marine Corps Forces Africa (MARFORAF) U.S. Special Operations Command Africa (SOCAFRICA) Third AF HQ at Ramstein Air Base, GE Operating from Vicenza, Italy, U.S. HQ Naples, Italy Personnel shared with U.S. Naval Forces Europe Sixth Fleet Located in Stuttgart, Germany shared U.S. Marine Corps Forces Europe Co-located with U.S. Africa Command at Kelley Barracks, Stuttgart, GE Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti. USAFRICOM

10 Learn. Perform. Succeed. PACOM – Camp H.M. Smith, HI Air ForceArmyNavyMarinesSpecial Ops U.S. Pacific Air Forces (PACAF) U.S. Army Pacific Command (USARPAC) U.S. Pacific FleetMarine Forces Pacific (MARFORPAC) Special Operations Command, Pacific (SOCPAC) Fifth Air Force - Japan Seventh Air Force - Korea Eleventh Air Force - Alaska Thirteenth Air Force - Hawaii 25th ID - HI and AK 94th Army Air and Missile Defense Command -HI and Kadena Air Base, Japan US Army Alaska US Army Japan 9th Regional Support Command (USAR) Pearl Harbor, HI Third Fleet - California Seventh Fleet - Japan 1st Marine Expeditionary Force - California 3rd Marine Expeditionary Force - Japan Camp H. M. Smith, Oahu, HI Major subordinate commands: U.S. Forces, Japan (Yokota AB, near Tokyo) U.S. Forces, Korea (Yongsan Army Garrison, Seoul) Alaskan Command (Elmendorf AFB, Anchorage) Standing Joint Task Force: Joint Interagency Task Force West (Camp H. M. Smith, Hawaii) Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (Hickam AFB, Hawaii) Joint Task Force-Homeland Defense (Ft. Shafter, Hawaii) Joint Task Force 510 Joint Special Operation Task Force – Philippines USPACOM

11 Learn. Perform. Succeed. CENTCOM - MacDill Air Force Base, FL Air ForceArmyNavyMarinesSpecial Ops U.S. Air Forces Central (AFCENT) U.S. Army Forces Central Command (ARCENT) U.S. Naval Forces Central Command (USNAVCENT) U.S. Marine Forces Central Command (USMARCENT) Special Operations Command Central (SOCCENT) Ninth Air Force, HQ Shaw Air Force Base, SC HQ at Shaw Air Force Base, SC 3 rd Army Fifth Fleet, HQ at Naval Support Activity Bahrain, Kingdom of Bahrain HQ at Camp Pendleton, CA HQ at MacDill Air Force Base, FL Major subordinate multiservice commands: United States Forces – Iraq (decommissioned) International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) NATO (Formerly: Combined Forces Command Afghanistan). USCENTCOM

12 Learn. Perform. Succeed. EUCOM – Stuttgart, Germany Air ForceArmyNavyMarinesSpecial Ops United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) United States Army Europe (USAEUR) United States Naval Forces Europe (NAVEUR) United States Marine Corps Forces Europe (MARFOREUR) Special Operations Command, Europe (SOCEUR) Third Air Force - Ramstein Air Base, GE Wiesbaden, GE V Corps: Wiesbaden, GE Additional units Sixth Fleet - Naples, Italy Navy Region Europe - Naples, Italy Stuttgart, GE Additional supporting units: George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies (Garmisch, Germany) NATO School (Oberammergau, Germany) Joint Analysis Center (RAF Molesworth, Huntingdonshire, UK USEUCOM

13 Learn. Perform. Succeed. SOUTHCOM – Doral, FL Air ForceArmyNavyMarinesSpecial Ops United States Air Forces South (AFSOUTH) United States Army South (ARSOUTH) United States Naval Forces Southern Command (COMUSNAVSO) United States Marine Corps Forces South (MARFORSOUTH) Special Operations Command, South (USSOCSOUTH) Twelfth Air Force – Davis-Monthan Air Base, AZ Fort Sam Houston, TXFourth Fleet – Mayport Naval Base, FL Miami/Doral, FLHomestead Air Reserve Base, FL Additional supporting units: Joint Task Force Bravo – Sota Cano Air Base, Honduras Joint Task Force Guantanamo – Cuba Joint Interagency Task Force South – Florida Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies – D.C. USSOUTHCOM

14 Learn. Perform. Succeed. NORTHCOM – Peterson AFB, CO Air ForceArmyNavyMarinesSpecial Ops United States Air Forces North (AFNORTH) United States Army North (ARNORTH) United States Fleet Forces Command (USFF) United States Marine Corps Forces North (MARFORNORTH) Special Operations Command, NORTH First Air Force – Tyndall Air Force Base, FL Fifth Army, Fort Sam Houston, TX Fourth Fleet – Mayport Naval Base, FL Operational in 2014 Standing Joint Task Force (previously assigned to USJFCOM): Joint Force Headquarters National Capital Region Joint Task Force Alaska Joint Task Force Civil Support Joint Task Force North USNORTHCOM

15 Learn. Perform. Succeed. SOCOM – MacDill AFB, FL Air ForceArmyNavyMarines United States Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) Naval Special Warfare Command (NSWC) United States Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command (MARSOC) Hurlburt Field, FLFort Bragg, NCSan Diego, CACamp Lejeune, NC Sub-unified command: Joint Special Operations Command Special Operations Research, Development and Acquisition Center Acquisition Executive – Warrant Authority USSOCOM has their own Warranting Authority! USSOCOM

16 Learn. Perform. Succeed. TRANSCOM – Scott AFB, IL AMCSDDCMSCJECC United States Air Force Air Mobility Command United States Army Surface Deployment and Distribution Command Military Sealift Command Joint Enabling Capabilities Command Scott AFB, IL Washington D.C. and Norfolk, VA Norfolk, VA USTRANSCOM TRANSCOM is always a supporting command and like SOCOM, they have their own Warranting Authority.

17 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Contingency Contracting Officer’s Authority Contracting Officers (KOs), pursuant to (Federal Acquisition Regulation [FAR] 1.602), are the only personnel authorized to enter into, administer, or terminate contracts and make related determinations and findings. KOs may bind the government only to the extent of the authority delegated to them. –KOs shall receive from the appointing authority clear instructions in writing regarding the limits of their authority. In Operational Area, contracting authority flows from Congress to the President, then to the Secretary of Defense, through the Service Agency Head, to the Head of Contracting Activity (HCA) and then to Senior Contracting Official (SCO) to the Contracting Officer.

18 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Head of Contracting Activity ( HCA ) Senior Contracting Official ( SCO ) -Equates to PARC (Principle Assistant Responsible for Contracting) in the Army Regional Contracting Chief ( RCC ) or Chief of Contracting Office ( COCO ) Contingency Contracting Officer ( CCO ) -Field Ordering Officer (FOO) and Ordering Officer (OO) -Contracting Officer’s Representative (COR) Contracting Chain Nomenclature

19 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Contracting Support Structure Options Three (3) main contracting related organizational options: 1)Service Component Support to Own Forces 2)Lead Service Support 3)Joint Contracting Command support A designated lead Service or joint contracting command would normally only have coordinating authority over Service component external support contracting organizations and DCMA's ACOs. These organizations, in general, have no authority over system support contracts. Decision Factors Include But Not Limited To  Size, primary mission, expected duration of the joint operation  Scope, criticality & complexity of theater support contracting requirements  Need for enhanced JFC control of theater support contracting mission  Location of supported units compared to available commercial vendor base  Dominant user and most capable Service considerations  May not be the same Service in any given operation

20 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Contracting Support Organizations 1.Service Component Support to Own Forces During smaller-scale operations with an expected short duration Service component commanders retain control Bulk of the units will be operating in distinctly different areas of the JOA Limited potential competition for the same vendor base 2.Lead Service Major, long-term operations JFC wants a consolidated contracting effort within the operational area No need to stand-up an entirely new joint command (Pg 46, Joint Handbook)

21 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Contracting Support Organizations (Cont’d) 3.Joint Theater Support Contracting Command Larger or more complex contingency operations Mission is long-term duration JFC requires more oversight Extremely complex operation that requires direct control of theater support contracting by the JFC commander Mission beyond the capability of a single Service Mission that requires significant coordination of contracting and civil-military aspects the JFC's campaign plan Significant numbers of different Service forces operating in same area/joint bases served by the same local vendor base (Page 46, Joint Handbook )

22 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Typical Joint Theater Support Contracting Command Organization

23 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Notional Lead Service Theater Support Contracting Organization

24 Learn. Perform. Succeed. The SF 1402 Some of you may currently be warranted KOs – Likely use same warrant if supporting exercise/operation in support of your service/agency – If supporting joint operation, expect to apply/reapply for a warrant What documents/information is needed to apply? – Copies of DAWIA certificates, course completion certificates – Proof of education, experience – Copies of previous warrants held, if any – Endorsement(s) from your contracting leadership

25 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Practical Exercise Contingency Contracting Officer’s Warrant Application Example

26 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Practical Exercise Who is YOUR Command Authority and Contracting Authority in a Contingency Environment?

27 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Back-Up Slides


29 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Army Contracting* Command (ACC ) Expeditionary* Contracting Command Mission & Installation Contracting Command Contingency Contracting Battalion Sr Contingency Contracting Teams Contingency Contracting Teams Enterprise and Installations Contracting Center of Excellence Regional Contracting Centers Directorate of Contracting ITEC4 LOGCAP Program Directorate AMC Commanding General DASA (P&P) ASA(ALT) Liaison Officers (LNOs) DCG USAR DCG ARNG Contracting** Support Brigade (x7) (x8)*** (x10) (x78)*** (x4) (x3) (x7) (x30) To From * ACC & ECC Deployable ** Also performs OCONUS Installation Support *** USASOC 1 CCBn / 5 CCTs Head of Contracting Activity (HCA) Authority LOGCAP & Contractors Accompanying the Force Policy Note: MTOE Structure Includes: ARNG; 272 spaces & USAR; 98 spaces (3 CCBns, 8 SCCTs, 56 CCTs) (x5) (x36) HCA Acquisition Centers TACOM CECOM AMCOM Arsenal JM&L RDECOM ASC OPM – SANG Acq. Mgt. Division SDDC DCS for Logistics G-4 AMC LCMCs/MSCs Army Material Command & ACC

30 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Army Contracting Support Brigade Alignment and Support Relationships AFRICOM Africa Command CENTCOM Central Command CONUS Continental United States CSB Contracting Support Brigade ESC Expeditionary Sustainment Command EUCOM European Command EUSA Eighth US Army NORTHCOM Northern Command PACOM Pacific Command SETAF Southern European Task Force SOUTHCOM Southern Command TSC Theater Sustainment Command USARCENT US Army Central USAREUR US Army Europe USARNORTH US Army North USARSO US Army South USFK US Forces Korea CENTCOM 1 st TSC KUWAIT USARCENT 408 th CSB Kuwait EUCOM 21 st TSC EUROPE USAREUR * 409 th CSB EUROPE EUSA 19 th ESC KOREA USFK 411 th CSB Korea NORTHCOMSOUTHCOM USARSOUSARNORTH 167 th TSC CONUS 377 th TSC CONUS 412 th CSB Ft. Sam Houston AFRICOM SETAF 410 th CSB Ft. Sam Houston USARPAC 8 th TSC CONUS PACOM 413 th CSB Hawaii

31 Learn. Perform. Succeed. US Air Force Tactical Structure CCOs X Numbered Air Force Wings Maintenance Group Mission Support Group Medical Group Security Forces Group Contracting Squadron MAJCOM LGC/PK Legend: Command Authority Contracting Authority The Numbered Air Force is the Service Component to the Combatant Commands LGC OPS Group

32 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Navy Expeditionary Contract Support Naval Supply Systems Command Naval Facilities Engineering Command Naval Special Warfare Command Special Warfare Group One Special Warfare Group Two Special Warfare Group Four Special Warfare Development Group Global Logistics Support (GLS) FLC Norfolk FLC Jacksonville FLC San Diego FLC Puget Sound FLC Pearl Harbor FLC Yokosuka FLC Sigonella FLC = Fleet Logistic Center NAVFAC Atlantic Northwest, Mid-Atlantic, Southwest, Southeast, Midwest, Europe, Washington NAVFAC Pacific Hawaii, Marianas, Far East Engineering & Expeditionary Warfare Center FIRST Naval Construction Division Does not represent Contracting units that execute System Support Contracts

33 Learn. Perform. Succeed. US Marines Contracting Chain of Command

34 Learn. Perform. Succeed. US Marines Tactical Structure CCOs x 8 Squadrons x 2 or More Marine Expeditionary Force Ground Divisions Air Wings Other Major Claimants Groups x 2 or More Regiments x 3 Battalions x 2 or More Companies x 4

35 Learn. Perform. Succeed. US Marines Field Offices

36 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Command & Contracting Lines of Authority “ Contracting Authority ” is the legal authority to enter into binding contracts and obligate funds for the US government. “ Command Authority ” includes the authority and responsibility for effectively using available resources and for planning the employment of, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling military forces for the accomplishment of assigned missions. * CCOs receive their contracting warrants from a source of contracting authority, not command authority * 36 Figure 1 illustrates command and contracting lines of authority. Contracting and Command Authority

37 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Contingency Contracting Officer’s Authority Contract Authority flows from: – Congress – President – Secretary of Defense – Service or Agency Head – Head of Contracting Activity (HCA) – Senior Contracting Official (SCO) – Chief of Contracting Office (COCO) – Contracting Officer (CCO) 37 Authority explicitly documented via the contracting officer’s warrant

38 Learn. Perform. Succeed. Warranting CCOs based on: – Experience – Education – Knowledge of acquisition policies and procedures – Training (meeting minimum DAWIA standards) Can contracting authority ever change? – Warrant levels can change over time, with the highest having an unlimited dollar-value contracting authority. – When deployment to a declared contingency, contract authority may change based on the location, theater of operation, and established command and control. 38 Contingency Contracting Officer’s Authority

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