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Chapter 2 Contracting Authorities and Structure

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1 Chapter 2 Contracting Authorities and Structure
Nov 11, v5

2 Learning Objectives Terminal Objectives Enabling Objectives
Explain your role and responsibilities in a contingency contracting environment Enabling Objectives Define contingency contracting Explain the difference between command and contracting lines of authority Identify contracting structure Describe the contracting support organizations Compare various contracting support organizations

3 What is Contingency Contracting?
The term ‘Contingency Contracting’ means All stages of the process of acquiring property or services by DoD during a Contingency Operation in the continental United States (CONUS) or outside the continental United States (OCONUS) ‘Contingency Operation’ [10 U.S.C. 101(a)(13)] means a military operation that: Designated by Secretary of Defense when armed forces used against an enemy; or Declared by President or Congress when Reserves activated under Title 10, U.S.C. (FAR 2.101)

4 Where do you research how to contract in a contingency?

5 Command and Contracting Lines of Authority

6 Command and Contracting Lines of Authority Example
Contracting Authority SecDef SecArmy SAF USD (AT&L) CENTCOM ASA (ALT) SAF(AQ) CJTF-101 MNF-I Head of Contracting Activity (HCA) Defense Contracting Agencies USACE ACC AMC AFMC **DLA/CFLCC Weapon Systems Support PARC-I PARC-A GRD/AED LOGCAP AFCEE 6 6

7 Geographic Combatant Commands

8 Unified Combatant Commands
Secretary of Defense Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Unified Combatant Commands Geographical Combatant Commands US European Command EUCOM US Africa Command AFRICOM US Central Command CENTCOM US Pacific Command PACOM US Southern Command SOUTHCOM US Northern Command NORTHCOM Functional Combatant Commands US Strategic Command STRATCOM US Transportation Command TRANSCOM US Special Operations Command SOCOM

9 AFRICOM - Kelley Barracks, Stuttgart, GE
USAFRICOM AFRICOM - Kelley Barracks, Stuttgart, GE Air Force Army Navy Marines Special Ops U.S. Air Forces Africa (USAFAF) U.S. Army Africa (USARAF) Naval Forces Africa (NAVAF) U.S. Marine Corps Forces Africa (MARFORAF) U.S. Special Operations Command Africa (SOCAFRICA) Third AF HQ at Ramstein Air Base, GE Operating from Vicenza, Italy, U.S. HQ Naples, Italy Personnel shared with U.S. Naval Forces Europe Sixth Fleet Located in Stuttgart, Germany shared U.S. Marine Corps Forces Europe Co-located with U.S. Africa Command at Kelley Barracks, Stuttgart, GE Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti.

10 USPACOM PACOM – Camp H.M. Smith, HI Air Force Army Navy Marines
Special Ops U.S. Pacific Air Forces (PACAF) U.S. Army Pacific Command (USARPAC) U.S. Pacific Fleet Marine Forces Pacific (MARFORPAC) Special Operations Command, Pacific (SOCPAC) Fifth Air Force - Japan Seventh Air Force - Korea Eleventh Air Force - Alaska Thirteenth Air Force - Hawaii 25th ID - HI and AK 94th Army Air and Missile Defense Command -HI and Kadena Air Base, Japan US Army Alaska US Army Japan 9th Regional Support Command (USAR) Pearl Harbor, HI Third Fleet - California Seventh Fleet - Japan 1st Marine Expeditionary Force - California 3rd Marine Expeditionary Force - Japan Camp H. M. Smith, Oahu, HI Major subordinate commands: U.S. Forces, Japan (Yokota AB, near Tokyo) U.S. Forces, Korea (Yongsan Army Garrison, Seoul) Alaskan Command (Elmendorf AFB, Anchorage) Standing Joint Task Force: Joint Interagency Task Force West (Camp H. M. Smith, Hawaii) Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (Hickam AFB, Hawaii) Joint Task Force-Homeland Defense (Ft. Shafter, Hawaii) Joint Task Force 510 Joint Special Operation Task Force – Philippines

11 CENTCOM - MacDill Air Force Base, FL
USCENTCOM CENTCOM - MacDill Air Force Base, FL Air Force Army Navy Marines Special Ops U.S. Air Forces Central (AFCENT) U.S. Army Forces Central Command (ARCENT) U.S. Naval Forces Central Command (USNAVCENT) U.S. Marine Forces Central Command (USMARCENT) Special Operations Command Central (SOCCENT) Ninth Air Force, HQ Shaw Air Force Base, SC HQ at Shaw Air Force Base, SC 3rd Army Fifth Fleet, HQ at Naval Support Activity Bahrain, Kingdom of Bahrain HQ at Camp Pendleton, CA HQ at MacDill Air Force Base, FL Major subordinate multiservice commands: United States Forces – Iraq (decommissioned) International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) NATO (Formerly: Combined Forces Command Afghanistan).

12 EUCOM – Stuttgart, Germany
USEUCOM EUCOM – Stuttgart, Germany Air Force Army Navy Marines Special Ops United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) United States Army Europe (USAEUR) United States Naval Forces Europe (NAVEUR) United States Marine Corps Forces Europe (MARFOREUR) Special Operations Command, Europe (SOCEUR) Third Air Force - Ramstein Air Base, GE Wiesbaden, GE V Corps: Wiesbaden, GE Additional units Sixth Fleet - Naples, Italy Navy Region Europe - Naples, Italy Stuttgart, GE Additional supporting units: George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies (Garmisch, Germany) NATO School (Oberammergau, Germany) Joint Analysis Center (RAF Molesworth, Huntingdonshire, UK

13 USSOUTHCOM SOUTHCOM – Doral, FL Air Force Army Navy Marines
Special Ops United States Air Forces South (AFSOUTH) United States Army South (ARSOUTH) United States Naval Forces Southern Command (COMUSNAVSO) United States Marine Corps Forces South (MARFORSOUTH) Special Operations Command, South (USSOCSOUTH) Twelfth Air Force – Davis-Monthan Air Base, AZ Fort Sam Houston, TX Fourth Fleet – Mayport Naval Base, FL Miami/Doral, FL Homestead Air Reserve Base, FL Additional supporting units: Joint Task Force Bravo – Sota Cano Air Base, Honduras Joint Task Force Guantanamo – Cuba Joint Interagency Task Force South – Florida Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies – D.C.

14 NORTHCOM – Peterson AFB, CO
USNORTHCOM NORTHCOM – Peterson AFB, CO Air Force Army Navy Marines Special Ops United States Air Forces North (AFNORTH) United States Army North (ARNORTH) United States Fleet Forces Command (USFF) United States Marine Corps Forces North (MARFORNORTH) Special Operations Command, NORTH First Air Force – Tyndall Air Force Base, FL Fifth Army, Fort Sam Houston, TX Fourth Fleet – Mayport Naval Base, FL Operational in 2014 Standing Joint Task Force (previously assigned to USJFCOM): Joint Force Headquarters National Capital Region Joint Task Force Alaska Joint Task Force Civil Support Joint Task Force North

15 USSOCOM SOCOM – MacDill AFB, FL Air Force Army Navy Marines
United States Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) Naval Special Warfare Command (NSWC) United States Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command (MARSOC) Hurlburt Field, FL Fort Bragg, NC San Diego, CA Camp Lejeune, NC Sub-unified command: Joint Special Operations Command Special Operations Research, Development and Acquisition Center Acquisition Executive – Warrant Authority USSOCOM has their own Warranting Authority!

United States Air Force Air Mobility Command United States Army Surface Deployment and Distribution Command Military Sealift Command Joint Enabling Capabilities Command Scott AFB, IL Washington D.C. and Norfolk, VA Norfolk, VA TRANSCOM is always a supporting command and like SOCOM, they have their own Warranting Authority.

17 Contingency Contracting Officer’s Authority
Contracting Officers (KOs), pursuant to (Federal Acquisition Regulation [FAR] 1.602), are the only personnel authorized to enter into, administer, or terminate contracts and make related determinations and findings. KOs may bind the government only to the extent of the authority delegated to them. KOs shall receive from the appointing authority clear instructions in writing regarding the limits of their authority. In Operational Area, contracting authority flows from Congress to the President, then to the Secretary of Defense, through the Service Agency Head, to the Head of Contracting Activity (HCA) and then to Senior Contracting Official (SCO) to the Contracting Officer.

18 Contracting Chain Nomenclature
Head of Contracting Activity (HCA) Senior Contracting Official (SCO) Equates to PARC (Principle Assistant Responsible for Contracting) in the Army Regional Contracting Chief (RCC) or Chief of Contracting Office (COCO) Contingency Contracting Officer (CCO) Field Ordering Officer (FOO) and Ordering Officer (OO) Contracting Officer’s Representative (COR)

19 Contracting Support Structure Options
Three (3) main contracting related organizational options: Service Component Support to Own Forces Lead Service Support Joint Contracting Command support Decision Factors Include But Not Limited To Size, primary mission, expected duration of the joint operation Scope, criticality & complexity of theater support contracting requirements Need for enhanced JFC control of theater support contracting mission Location of supported units compared to available commercial vendor base Dominant user and most capable Service considerations May not be the same Service in any given operation A designated lead Service or joint contracting command would normally only have coordinating authority over Service component external support contracting organizations and DCMA's ACOs. These organizations, in general, have no authority over system support contracts.

20 Contracting Support Organizations
Service Component Support to Own Forces During smaller-scale operations with an expected short duration Service component commanders retain control Bulk of the units will be operating in distinctly different areas of the JOA Limited potential competition for the same vendor base Lead Service Major, long-term operations JFC wants a consolidated contracting effort within the operational area No need to stand-up an entirely new joint command (Pg 46, Joint Handbook)

21 Contracting Support Organizations (Cont’d)
Joint Theater Support Contracting Command Larger or more complex contingency operations Mission is long-term duration JFC requires more oversight Extremely complex operation that requires direct control of theater support contracting by the JFC commander Mission beyond the capability of a single Service Mission that requires significant coordination of contracting and civil-military aspects the JFC's campaign plan Significant numbers of different Service forces operating in same area/joint bases served by the same local vendor base (Page 46, Joint Handbook)

22 Typical Joint Theater Support Contracting Command Organization

23 Notional Lead Service Theater Support Contracting Organization

24 The SF 1402 Some of you may currently be warranted KOs
Likely use same warrant if supporting exercise/operation in support of your service/agency If supporting joint operation, expect to apply/reapply for a warrant What documents/information is needed to apply? Copies of DAWIA certificates, course completion certificates Proof of education, experience Copies of previous warrants held, if any Endorsement(s) from your contracting leadership

25 Contingency Contracting Officer’s Warrant Application Example
Practical Exercise Contingency Contracting Officer’s Warrant Application Example

26 Practical Exercise Who is YOUR Command Authority and Contracting Authority in a Contingency Environment?

27 Back-Up Slides


29 Army Material Command & ACC
AMC Commanding General ASA(ALT) DCS for Logistics G-4 HCA DASA (P&P) DCG USAR Army Contracting* Command (ACC) Liaison Officers (LNOs) DCG ARNG AMC LCMCs/MSCs HCA HCA HCA Expeditionary* Contracting Command LOGCAP Program Directorate Mission & Installation Contracting Command Acquisition Centers TACOM CECOM AMCOM Arsenal JM&L RDECOM ASC OPM – SANG Acq. Mgt. Division SDDC From To Contracting** Support Brigade (x4) (x7) Contingency Contracting Battalion Enterprise and Installations (x3) (x8)*** Sr Contingency Contracting Teams * ACC & ECC Deployable ** Also performs OCONUS Installation Support *** USASOC 1 CCBn / 5 CCTs Head of Contracting Activity (HCA) Authority LOGCAP & Contractors Accompanying the Force Policy Note: MTOE Structure Includes: ARNG; 272 spaces & USAR; 98 spaces (3 CCBns, 8 SCCTs, 56 CCTs) (x7) (x10) Regional Contracting Centers (x5) ITEC4 Contracting Center of Excellence Contingency Contracting Teams (x30) (x78)*** Directorate of Contracting (x36)

30 Army Contracting Support Brigade Alignment and Support Relationships
AFRICOM Africa Command CENTCOM Central Command CONUS Continental United States CSB Contracting Support Brigade ESC Expeditionary Sustainment Command EUCOM European Command EUSA Eighth US Army NORTHCOM Northern Command PACOM Pacific Command SETAF Southern European Task Force SOUTHCOM Southern Command TSC Theater Sustainment Command USARCENT US Army Central USAREUR US Army Europe USARNORTH US Army North USARSO US Army South USFK US Forces Korea CENTCOM 1st TSC KUWAIT USARCENT 408thCSB Kuwait EUCOM 21st TSC EUROPE USAREUR * 409thCSB EUSA 19th ESC KOREA USFK 411thCSB Korea NORTHCOM SOUTHCOM USARSO USARNORTH 167th TSC CONUS 377th TSC 412thCSB Ft. Sam Houston AFRICOM SETAF 410thCSB USARPAC 8th TSC PACOM 413thCSB Hawaii

31 US Air Force Tactical Structure
MAJCOM Legend: Command Authority Contracting Authority The Numbered Air Force is the Service Component to the Combatant Commands LGC/PK Numbered Air Force LGC Wings Maintenance Group Mission Support Group Medical Group Security Forces Group OPS Group Contracting Squadron CCOs X 2-10+

32 Navy Expeditionary Contract Support
Naval Special Warfare Command Naval Facilities Engineering Command Naval Supply Systems Command Special Warfare Group One Special Warfare Group Two Special Warfare Group Four Special Warfare Development Group NAVFAC Atlantic Northwest, Mid-Atlantic, Southwest, Southeast, Midwest, Europe, Washington NAVFAC Pacific Hawaii, Marianas, Far East Engineering & Expeditionary Warfare Center FIRST Naval Construction Division Global Logistics Support (GLS) FLC Norfolk FLC Jacksonville FLC San Diego FLC Puget Sound FLC Pearl Harbor FLC Yokosuka FLC Sigonella FLC = Fleet Logistic Center Does not represent Contracting units that execute System Support Contracts 32

33 US Marines Contracting Chain of Command

34 US Marines Tactical Structure
Marine Expeditionary Force Ground Divisions Air Wings Other Major Claimants Regiments x 3 CCOs x 8 Groups x 2 or More Battalions x 2 or More Squadrons x 2 or More Companies x 4

35 US Marines Field Offices

36 Command & Contracting Lines of Authority
Contracting and Command Authority Command & Contracting Lines of Authority “Contracting Authority” is the legal authority to enter into binding contracts and obligate funds for the US government. “Command Authority” includes the authority and responsibility for effectively using available resources and for planning the employment of, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling military forces for the accomplishment of assigned missions. * CCOs receive their contracting warrants from a source of contracting authority, not command authority * Figure 1 illustrates command and contracting lines of authority.

37 Contingency Contracting Officer’s Authority
Contract Authority flows from: Congress President Secretary of Defense Service or Agency Head Head of Contracting Activity (HCA) Senior Contracting Official (SCO) Chief of Contracting Office (COCO) Contracting Officer (CCO) Authority explicitly documented via the contracting officer’s warrant

38 Contingency Contracting Officer’s Authority
Warranting CCOs based on: Experience Education Knowledge of acquisition policies and procedures Training (meeting minimum DAWIA standards) Can contracting authority ever change? Warrant levels can change over time, with the highest having an unlimited dollar-value contracting authority. When deployment to a declared contingency, contract authority may change based on the location, theater of operation, and established command and control.

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