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HYPERLINKING In the Federal Courts. What is hyperlinking? The process of adding active links to websites, or documents stored on a website, to text.

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Presentation on theme: "HYPERLINKING In the Federal Courts. What is hyperlinking? The process of adding active links to websites, or documents stored on a website, to text."— Presentation transcript:

1 HYPERLINKING In the Federal Courts

2 What is hyperlinking? The process of adding active links to websites, or documents stored on a website, to text.

3 Benefits of hyperlinking Provides quick, easy, and pinpoint access to particular sections of a case, or to specific filings in the court’s record. Allows judges and attorneys to quickly and correctly access: the relevant evidence being cited without having to navigate through the CM/ECF record; and the law being cited. Allows judges and attorneys to quickly review text written at their direction or under their supervision.

4 What links can or should be added? Caveat: Check your local rules. Generally permitted links: CM/ECF filings; Cited legal authorities; and Documents posted on the court website, (e.g., local rules, general orders, taxable interest charts, etc). Always provide the full and correct citation to the document being cited. Never link to webpages as evidence in support of a motion unless citing to pages on the CM/ECF docket.

5 Adding hyperlinks – MS Word

6 Adding Hyperlinks -- WordPerfect

7 CM/ECF Filings Links to documents previously filed of record. 4:12-cv JMG-CRZ Aurora Cooperative Elevator Company v. Aventine Renewable Energy - Aurora West, LLC See, e.gSee, e.g.

8 url addresses: CM/ECF filings Manual method See, e.g.

9 url addresses: CM/ECF sub-filings See, e.g. See, e.g.

10 url addresses: CM/ECF page numbers Add ?page= to the url address

11 Address links for attachments and exhibits to be filed with briefs and motions See, e.g. See, e.g.

12 Coming Soon!! CM/ECF LinkBuilder software is being tested. It will: be free for download by attorneys and court users in every federal jurisdiction; search a document for all citations to CM/ECF; create a listing of those citations; and automatically add the hyperlinks to the document.

13 url addresses: Manual linking to legal citations Adding the url address for any case or legal authority from Westlaw or Lexis..

14 url addresses: Cases or rules posted on a court website

15 Automated Linking to Legal Citations Westlaw InsertLinks Pros: Current and up-to-date; and Very accurate. Cons: It is not free; It is not flawless; and It does not work with WordPerfect X6.

16 Shepard’s Links 2008 Pros: Free Cons: It does not work with WordPerfect X4 – X6 It does not work with Word It is not very reliable—particularly with newer citations. Automated Linking to Legal Citations

17 Lexis for Microsoft Office Pro: Current, up-to-date software Cons: It is not free; It does not work with WordPerfect; and Most importantly, the links it adds are not retained upon conversion to PDF.

18 Saving to PDF To retain active links: Save to PDF or Publish to PDF using your Word Processing program. DO NOT convert using Print to PDF or by copying and scanning the document.

19 Examples: Creating CM/ECF links—automated Lange F & R docxLange F & R docx Crouch M&O on SJ.docxCrouch M&O on SJ.docx Creating Westlaw links—automated Viewing a linked CM/ECF document Lange v. Hoskins, et al, (Filing No. 79)79 Crouch v. Brase Electrical, (Filing No. 27)27

20 For more information: From the Nebraska public website, download: Attorney Guide to Hyperlinking in the Federal Courts (Go to the Attorney tab  Electronic Case Filing (ECF)  Written Procedures for Filing)


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