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Elaine M. Prins NOAA/NESDIS/ORA Advanced Satellite Products Team Madison, Wisconsin Christropher C. Schmidt Joleen M. Feltz.

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Presentation on theme: "Elaine M. Prins NOAA/NESDIS/ORA Advanced Satellite Products Team Madison, Wisconsin Christropher C. Schmidt Joleen M. Feltz."— Presentation transcript:

1 Elaine M. Prins NOAA/NESDIS/ORA Advanced Satellite Products Team Madison, Wisconsin Christropher C. Schmidt Joleen M. Feltz UW-Madison Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Overview of GOES and MTSAT Platforms: Fire Monitoring Characteristics GOFC/GOLD Global Geostationary Fire Monitoring Applications Workshop EUMETSAT, Darmstadt, Germany 23 March 2004 UW-Madison Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Advanced Satellite Products Team (ASPT) National Aeronautics and Space Administration

2 Overview  Geostationary platform fire monitoring characteristics - GOES-10/-12: fire monitoring in the Western Hemisphere - GOES-9: fire monitoring in the Western Pacific, SE Asia, and Australia - Future MTSAT-1R fire monitoring capabilities - Next Generation GOES ABI spectral bands and fire monitoring  Comparisons of minimum detectable fire size for GOES-9/-10/-12, MSG, and MTSAT-1R  Comparisons of fire saturation points for GOES-9/-10/-12, MSG, and MTSAT-1R

3 GOES-12 (East) Imager Characteristics Band Wavelength IGFOV Sampled Subpoint NEDT (microns) (km) Resolution (km) x x bit data x x K x x K x x K 5 NA x x K GOES-E GOES-W Satellite View Angle 80° 65° Current U.S. Geostationary Coverage and Fire Monitoring Characteristics ÎOversampling in the East/West direction with a sub-sampled res of 2.3x4.0 km ÎHigh temporal resolution: every 15 minutes over portions of North America, half-hourly elsewhere, capability for 1-minute imaging in Super Rapid Scan Operational mode. ÎGOES-12 band 2 has an elevated saturation temperature of ~337 K. Elevated GOES-12 band 2 saturation temperature gives improved fire characterization. GOES-10 saturates at ~322K resulting in non-fire saturation points during peak heating hours. ÎFire size detectability limits with an average fire temperature of 750K: Equator:.15 ha 50°N:.32 ha Fire Monitoring Characteristics GOES-10 (West) Imager Characteristics Band Wavelength IGFOV Sampled Subpoint NEDT (microns) (km) Resolution (km) x x bit data x x K x x K x x K x x K

4 GOES-East Fire and Smoke Monitoring

5 GOES-East Multi-spectral Fire Detection in Canada Date: 21 June 1995 Time: 2345 UTC

6 Satellite View Angle 80° 65° Overview of GOES-9 Fire Monitoring Capabilities for SE Asia GOES-9 Imager Characteristics Band Wavelength IGFOV Sampled Subpoint NEDT (microns) (km) Resolution (km) x x bit data x x K x x K x x K x x K ÎOversampling in the East/West direction with a sub-sampled res of 2.3x4.0 km provides a better opportunity to capture an entire fire within a fov. ÎHigh temporal resolution: full disk every hour, reduced sectors every half-hour ÎGOES-9 band 2 has a saturation temperature of ~324 K. This may result in numerous non-fire saturation points during peak heating hours. ÎFire size detectability limits with an average fire temperature of 750K: Equator:.15 ha 50°N:.32 ha Fire Monitoring Characteristics

7 Satellite View Angle 80° 65° Overview of MTSAT-1R Fire Monitoring Capabilities for SE Asia MTSAT-1R JAMI Characteristics Band Wavelength IGFOV NEDT (microns) (km) bit data in all IR bands K ÎIGFOV resolution of 0.5 km in the visible and 2.0 km in all IR bands. Highest resolution to date from an operational meteorological geostationary satellite ÎHigh temporal resolution: capable of full disk in < 24 minutes ÎMTSAT-1R band 5 has a saturation temperature of ~320 K. Along with an increased spatial resolution and spectral width extending towards the shorter wavelengths, will result in numerous saturation points during peak heating hours. ÎFire size detectability limits with a fire temperature of 750K: Equator:.03 ha 50°N:.06 ha Fire Monitoring Characteristics

8 - - GOES-9 Fire Monitoring in SE Asia GOES-9 4 micron imagery Date: 19- Mar-2004 Times: UTC GOES-9 visible imagery Date: 19- Mar-2004 Times: 0725 UTC Satellite view angle: 70º

9 Comparison of Fire Saturation Points Estimates of Minimum Detectable Fire Size at Various Fire Temperatures Locations: 50°N and the Equator

10 The Advanced Baseline Imager ABICurrent Spectral Coverage 16 bands5 bands Spatial resolution 0.64  m Visible 0.5 km Approx. 1 km Other Visible/nearIR 1.0 kmn/a Bands (>2  m) 2 kmApprox. 4 km Spatial coverage Full disk 4 per hourEvery 3 hours CONUS 12 per hour~4 per hour Operation during eclipse YesNo

11 Current GOES Imagers MODIS/MTG/ Aircraft, etc ABI Bands MSG/AVHRR/ Sounder(s) Band 7: Saturation temperature of 400K

12 GOES-R and GOES-I/M Simulations of Viejas Fire Using MODIS Data: January 3, 2001 at 1900 UTC Simulated GOES-R: 3.9 micronSimulated GOES-I/M: 3.9 micron

13 Summary  GOES-E/-W - GOES-E(-12) allows for half-hourly fire products for the Western Hemisphere; products useful even at high satellite zenith angles (65-80º). - GOES-W(-10) fire monitoring and subpixel characterization capabilities are reduced due to low saturation in the 3.9  m band.  GOES-9 - Although fire monitoring/characterization capabilities reduced due to low saturation in the the 3.9  m band, provides first diurnal look at fire hot spots in the Western Pacific, SE Asia, and Australia - Nearly hourly full disk coverage  MTSAT-1R - Future diurnal fire monitoring at 2 km spatial resolution - Full disk coverage in less than 24 minutes - Low saturation in the 3.9  m band with increased spatial resolution will severely hinder sub-pixel fire characterization  Next Generation GOES ABI - Enhanced spatial resolution (2 km in the IR) and high saturation in the 3.9  m band (400K) result in improved fire characterization - Full disk coverage every 15 minutes  Minimum Detectable Fire Size and Saturation Issues

14 Pixel The Basics of GOES Satellite Infrared Fire Detection p 1-p (Example from South America)


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