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Outlook on FP7 2007-2013 Carlos SARAIVA MARTINS DG RTD - Unit B1 Beijing - June 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Outlook on FP7 2007-2013 Carlos SARAIVA MARTINS DG RTD - Unit B1 Beijing - June 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 Outlook on FP Carlos SARAIVA MARTINS DG RTD - Unit B1 Beijing - June 2006

2 Legal basis The Framework Programme (FP) is the main instrument for funding scientific research and technological development Treaty of European Community, (part 3, title XVIII, art. 166, pag.114) : The Union shall establish a multi-annual “Framework programme” for research….

3 l 1952:ECSC treaty; first projects started March 1955 l 1957:EURATOM treaty; Joint Research Centre set up l 1973:BCR programme l 1983:ESPRIT programme l 1984:First Framework Programme ( ) l 1987:“European Single Act” - science becomes a Community responsibility; Second Framework Programme ( ) l 1990: Third Framework Programme ( ) l 1993:Treaty on European Union; role of RTD in the EU enlarged l 1994: Fourth Framework Programme ( ) l 1998: Fifth Framework Programme ( ) l 2000:European Research Area l 2002: Sixth Framework Programme ( ) l 2005: Proposal for the Seventh Framework Programme ( ) EU research: the story so far

4 Political initiative ERA = European Research Area l Concept and vision, political initiative by Philippe Busquin Objectives l New impetus for RTD l RTD as key factor for European innovation l Strengthening the complementarity between Member States

5 Lisbon strategy Research Growth and Jobs EducationInnovation S&T contributes to the Lisbon objectives: economic growth, employment creation, environmental protection, social challenges: fight poverty, improve human health and quality of life

6 Budgets of the EU Framework Programmes

7 Why double the FP7 budget? ( EC proposal – 6 April 2005) –Help exerting leverage on national and private investment –Help leverage business R&D (EU wide projects, solutions and market) –Brings EU public R&D spending close to 1% target –Encourage Member States Tackle fragmentation of research –More excellence through EU wide competition –Achieve critical mass, share knowledge and facilities –Better dissemination across the EU –Stronger coordination

8 Focusing and Integrating Community research Strengthening the foundations of the ERA Structuring the ERA GenomicsIST Citizens Nanotechnologies. Aeronautics Food Sustainable dev. Thematic priorities FP6 ( ) “Wider field of Science” SMEs International co-operation JRC NEST Support to policies Marie Curie, Research Infrastructures, Science & Society ERA -Net Specific Programmes

9 FP6 ( ) JRC (nuclear) JRC (non-nuclear) Euratom + Specific Programmes

10 What’s new ? l Substantial annual budget increase l Frontier research (~ EUR 1 billion per year) l Joint Technology Initiatives (JTI) l A Risk-Sharing Finance Facility (loan finance EIB) l Regions Knowledge (regional RTD driven clusters) l Logistical and administrative tasks transferred to external structures l Duration of 7 years

11 Specific Programmes Cooperation – Collaborative research People – Human Potential JRC (nuclear) Ideas – Frontier Research Capacities – Research Capacity JRC (non-nuclear) Euratom + FP

12 FP7 budget (Non-Nuclear)

13 Cooperation – Collaborative research FP6 FP7

14 Cooperation – Collaborative research

15 Collaborative research (Collaborative projects; Networks of Excellence; Coordination/support actions) Collaborative research (Collaborative projects; Networks of Excellence; Coordination/support actions) Joint Technology Initiatives Coordination of non-Community research programmes (ERA-NET; ERA-NET+; Article 169) Coordination of non-Community research programmes (ERA-NET; ERA-NET+; Article 169) International Cooperation Cooperation – Collaborative research l Support will be implemented across all themes through: “Emerging needs” and “Unforeseen policy needs”

16 Cooperation – Collaborative research FP6 FP7

17 Joint Technology Initiatives Global Monitoring for Environment and Security Hydrogen and Fuel Cells for a Sustainable Energy Future Towards new Nanoelectronics Approaches Embedded systems Aeronautics and Air Transport Innovative Medicines for the Citizens of Europe Long-term public/private partnership

18 Joint Technology Initiatives l May Take the Form of Joint Undertakings – Article 171 of the Treaty –“The Community may set up joint undertakings or any other structure necessary for the efficient execution of Community research, technological development and demonstration programmes”

19 Initial training of researchers Marie Curie Networks Initial training of researchers Marie Curie Networks Life-long training and career development Individual Fellowships Co-financing of regional/national/international programmes Life-long training and career development Individual Fellowships Co-financing of regional/national/international programmes Industry-academia pathways and partnerships Industry-Academia Scheme Industry-academia pathways and partnerships Industry-Academia Scheme International dimension Outgoing International Fellowships; Incoming International Fellowships International Cooperation Scheme; Reintegration grants International dimension Outgoing International Fellowships; Incoming International Fellowships International Cooperation Scheme; Reintegration grants Specific actions Excellence awards Specific actions Excellence awards People – Human Potential

20 1. Research Infrastructures 2. Research for the benefit of SMEs 3. Regions of Knowledge 4. Research Potential 5. Science in Society 6. Activities of International Cooperation Capacities – Research Capacity

21

22  Aims at stimulating creativity and excellence by funding ‘frontier research’ by ‘individual teams’ competing at European level  “For researchers – by researchers”  Setting-up of a European Research Council (ERC) Ideas – Frontier Research

23  Research at the frontiers is an intrinsically risky venture  it is characterised by an absence of disciplinary boundaries  We need to avoid outmoded distinctions:  Between “basic” and “applied” research  Between “science” and “technology”  Between “traditional” disciplines Frontier research

24  The Principal Investigator (the ‘team leader’) has  power to assemble his/her research group regardless of size  and the freedom to choose the research topic.  Individual teams should consist of a grouping of researchers which meets the needs of the project, without “artificial” administrative constraints; thus members may be drawn from one or several legal entities, from either within or across national boundaries, including third countries Individual team

25  Scientific Council  Dedicated implementation structure Executive Agency Mid-term review: another structure (?) based possibly on Article 171 ERC organization

26 Founding members were announced on 18 July 2005 following an independent identification procedure: Lord Patten of Barnes, Chancellor of Oxford and Newcastle Universities (Chairman) Dr. Catherine Bréchignac, Director, Institut d’Optique, Université Paris Sud (CNRS) Prof. Jüri Engelbrecht, Vice-President of the Estonian Academy of Sciences Prof. Guido Martinotti, Facoltà di Sociologia Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca Prof. Erwin Neher, Director, Max-Planck-Institut für biophysikalische Chemie, Göttingen ERC Scientific Council

27 A. Organisations consulted by the Identification Committee - Academia Europaea (organisation representing individual scientists and scholars) - ALLEA (All European Academies) - EARTO (European Association of Research and Technology Organisations) - EASAC (European Academies' Science Advisory Council) - ESF (European Science Foundation) - EIRMA (European Industrial Research Management Association) - EUA (European University Association) - EUROHORCs (European Heads of Research Councils) -UNICE (Union des industries de la CE), Working Group “Research and Innovation”. B. Other organisations that sent nominations - Biosciences Federation- ESO (European Southern Observatory) - CBI Confederation of British Industry - EuCheMS (European Association for Chemical and Molecular Sciences) - COSCE (Confederation of Scientific Societies of Spain)- EURADIA (European Research Area in Diabetes) - EAESP (European Association of Experimental Social Psychology)- EURADIA (European Research Area in Diabetes) - EASD (European Association for the study of Diabetes)- EUROSCIENCE - EATCS (European Association for Theoretical Computer Science)- FENS (Federation of European Neuroscience Societies) - EEA (European Economic Association)- Fundación Ramón Areces - EFIS (European Federation of Immunological Societies)- IADR (International Association for Dental Research) -EFOMP (European Federation of Organisations for Medical Physics) - Institusjonen Fritt Ord (the Freedom of Expression -EMBO (European Molecular Biology Organization) - JET (Joint European Torus - Nuclear fusion) - EMS (European Mathematical Society)- MCFA (Marie Curie Fellowship Association) - ENII The European Network of Immunology Institutes - Slovak Nuclear Society - ENSA (European Neutron Scattering Association) - The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation - EOS (European Optical Society) - The Hague Club - EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne) - UK Research Councils - EPS (European Physical Society) - EPSO (European Plant Science Organisation) - ERCIM (European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics) - ESHG (European Society of Human Genetics) - Estonian Academy of Sciences ERC Scientific Council

28  Founding members were announced on 18 July 2005 following an independent identification procedure  Working in advance of the FP7 decision in the development phase of the ERC  22 Members  Chair: Fotis Kafatos  Vice Chairs:  Helga Nowotny  Daniel Estève ERC Scientific Council

29 ERC SC – The 22 Founding Members Dr. Claudio BORDIGNON (IT) Prof. Manuel CASTELLS (ES) Prof. Dr. Paul J. CRUTZEN (NL) Prof. Mathias DEWATRIPONT (BE) Dr. Daniel ESTEVE (FR) Prof. Pavel EXNER (CZ) Prof. Dr. Hans-Joachim FREUND (DE) Prof. Wendy HALL (UK) Prof. Dr. Car l- Henrik HELDIN (SE) Prof. Dr. Fotis C. KAFATOS (GR) Prof. Dr. Michal KLEIBER (PL) Prof. Norbert KROO (HU) Prof. Maria Teresa V.T. LAGO (PT) Dr. Oscar MARIN PARRA (ES) Prof Robert MAY (UK) Prof. Helga NOWOTNY (AT) Prof. Christiane NÜSSLEIN-VOLHARD (DE) Dr. Leena PELTONEN-PALOTIE (FI) Prof. Alain PEYRAUBE (FR) Dr. Jens R. ROSTRUP-NIELSEN (DK) Prof. Salvatore SETTIS (IT) ) Prof. Dr.med. Rolf M. ZINKERNAGEL (CH)

30  High level scientists reflecting the full scope of European research, nominated by Commission decision  Role:  Establish overall scientific strategy, preparation of work programmes (including calls for proposals, detailed criteria of excellence, …)  Define peer review methodology; ensure selection and accreditation of experts  Monitor quality of operations and evaluate programme implementation  Assure communication with the scientific community ERC Scientific Council

31  Execute work programme as established by the Scientific Council  Implement calls for proposals (information and support to applicants; proposal reception/eligibility check; etc.)  Organise peer review evaluation  Establish grant agreements, transfer funds  Administer scientific and financial aspects and follow-up of grant agreements ERC Dedicated Implementation Structure

32  Guarantor of the autonomy and integrity of the ERC  Ensure that implementation follows principles of autonomy  Adopt work programme as established by the Scientific Council  Provide annual report on ERC operations to Council and European Parliament The European Commission’s duties

33  Support to individual teams  Investigator-driven frontier research  All areas of science and technology  Simplified grant  100% reimbursement  Independent scientific governance (Scientific Council)  Dedicated implementation structure (Executive Agency) Specific programme “Ideas”: Innovations compared with “standard” FP programmes

34  ERC Starting Grant (< 10 years from PhD)  ERC Advanced Grant - Operating on a bottom-up basis - Not duplicating other FP7 activities - Two-step procedure k€ k€ for up to 5 years Two Funding Streams:

35 The exact definition of criteria and the relative weighting is not yet established but basically excellence will be the sole criterion, possibly a blend of:  the potential of the people (and their track record)  Excellence of the project Evaluation criteria

36 Scientific Council will set parameters and oversee the process.  Excellence and transparency are key principles  Permanent pool of accredited peer reviewers needed (= World’s best scientists and scholars)  High throughput, quasi-continuous processes may be necessary Peer review process

37  Approximately 15 high level panels (assisted by referees)  Each panel will have a highly respected Chair and 10 members  One member of the SC will attend each panel’s meeting as observer  The selection of the panel chairs and the structure of the panels under SC responsibility  Cross-disciplinarity proposals considered by two different panels Evaluation methodology (not definitive)

38 FP7 Participation rules (adopted ) Basis for Funding: Reimbursement of eligible costs Flat rates Lump sum amounts Maximum funding rates Research and technological activities – 50% of eligible costs Except: Public bodies, universities, non-profit organisations – 75% SMEs – 75% Demonstration activities – 50% of eligible costs Frontier research actions (ERC) – 100% Coordination and support actions – 100% Training and career development of researchers actions – 100%

39 European Strategies For International Research Cooperation

40 Aim of EU research (I):  Support European competitiveness through strategic partnerships with third countries in selected fields of science  Address specific problems facing third countries on the basis of mutual interest and mutual benefit  Address global challenges within the Communities international commitments  Use S&T cooperation to reinforce the Community’s external relations and other relevant policy

41 Aim of EU research (II): Aim of EU research (II):  More than ever we have no other choice than to work together to tackle universal concerns without boundaries.  Cooperation shortens the path leading from science to innovation and from knowledge to solutions. We need to share information, knowledge, practices and results  Need to carry out better research

42 International Cooperation in FP7 - Principles I. Mix of cooperation and competition II. Mutual benefit and interest III. Critical and specific need

43 FP7 – Participating countries Full participants of FP7 Third Countries MEMBER STATES ASSOCIATED COUNTRIES INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION PARTNER COUNTRIES ACC (TR, BU, RO, HR) NON-ASSOCIATED CANDIDATE COUNTRIES INDUSTRIALISED COUNTRIES Candidate Countries

44 International Scientific Cooperation Third Countries: Industrialised countries (US, Canada, Japan,..) Associated countries (Norway, Switzerland, Israel, …) International Cooperation Partner Countries (ICPC):  Mediterranean partner Countries  Western Balkans  Eastern European and Central Asian countries  ACP, ASIA, Latin America (Emerging economies (e.g. China, India, Brazil, Russia, South Africa))

45 International Scientific Cooperation ICPC ICPC is a third country which the Commission classifies as low-income, lower-middle-income or upper-middle-income country and which is identified as such in the work programmes

46 International Cooperation in Cooperation - Opening of all themes to third countries - Specific International Cooperation actions in themes

47 International Cooperation in IDEAS/ERC  The ERC should be integrated into the world-wide research scene  Participation of co-investigators from ICPC decided by the principal investigator justified on the basis of added scientific value (excellence)  Payment of co-investigators from ICPC countries on basis of mutual scientific benefit (or according to relevant concluded agreements)

48 International Cooperation in IDEAS  Cooperation with scientists from ICPC countries is expected simply because that is what scientists do – naturally, spontaneously and, often, effectively  The flow of ideas does not know of any national frontiers and scientists cooperate and compete at the same time  ICPC participation is welcome providing this will help the individual team to compete for excellence, for recognition and for results.

49 International Cooperation in PEOPLE  International outgoing fellowships  International incoming fellowships  Partnerships to support exchange of researchers  Support of common initiatives between European organizations and countries with S&T agreements  Measures to counter the risk of ‘brain drain’ from developing countries/emerging economies

50 International Cooperation in Capacities 1. Policy Dialogue 3. Coordination of National Policies & Activities 2. S&T Cooperation Partnerships 1.Mapping of research needs, building commitment, impact assessments, linking S&T to other policies 2.Involvement of industrial and economic operators, specific focused international activities 3.Set common goals, strategies and policies, use of S&T inputs in foreign, trade and development policies

51 Towards the Seventh Framework Programme (“co-decision”) Council decides by qualified majority except on EP amendments not approved by the Commission FP evaluations Commission Proposal (absolute majority of members) Consultations (online etc) CREST European Research Advisory Board Council European Parliament Opinion Common position Amendments Conciliation: joint text Adoption Direct approval if agreement with EP (within 3 months) (approval within 6 weeks) (approval within 6 weeks) (within 3 months) New ! Commission opinion on EP amendments

52 FP7 Timetable

53 Information lElERC Scientific Council: lElEU research: lElEU Basic Research Policy: lSlSeventh Framework Programme: lIlInformation on research programmes and projects: lIlInternational Scientific cooperation policy: lIlInformation requests:

54 Directorate-General for Research “Anticipation of Scientific and Technological Needs: Fundamental Research” The End


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