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Innovation and Competitiveness in HORIZON 2020

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Presentation on theme: "Innovation and Competitiveness in HORIZON 2020"— Presentation transcript:

1 Innovation and Competitiveness in HORIZON 2020
Clara de la Torre Director Research and Innovation, DG Research and Innovation, European Commission

2 Obstacles to getting innovations to market – and what we are doing about them
Framework conditions: unitary patent, faster standard- setting, modernised procurement rules, passport for VC funds… Availability of finance: debt and equity facilities, leverage and multiplier effects… Establishing technical & economic viability in operational environments: demo and pilot projects, PPPs, P2Ps, SME instrument, Eurostars, EIT KICs… Demand-side approaches: early user involvement, innovation procurement, regulation fostering innovation, standard-setting activities… Capturing a good part of the value chain: exploitation services, innovative business models, mentoring and coaching services for SMEs… First: Adverse framework conditions are preventing good ideas from reaching the market. Europe needs to unleash its innovation potential by updating Single Market regulations and procedures, cheaper and easier patenting, faster standard-setting, etc. While proposed measures still need to be implemented to start bringing results, they represent a fundamental shift in the right direction. Second: Poor availability of finance is a key roadblock. Horizon 2020 and COSME financial instruments will leverage and multiply the impact of the EU budget. They will use two facilities for SMEs' growth and R&I: one for equity, and one for debt. In addition, Horizon 2020 will also support debt financing for midcaps, large firms, research bodies, and other entities investing in R&I. Third: From establishing technical feasibility in the lab, there is still some way to go before it hits the marketplace, including though establishing technical and economic viability in operational environments. Horizon 2020 can help realise this journey, notably through support to demo and pilot projects, Public-Private and Public-Public Partnerships, a dedicated SME instrument, the Eurostars programme, EIT Knowledge and Innovation Communities etc. A fourth difficulty in getting results to market often appears in cases where the researchers/entrepreneurs do not take sufficiently into consideration the ultimate end-use or demand for their work. Also on this point Horizon 2020 can help, in particular through support to early user involvement, to innovation procurement, to analyses of how regulation can foster innovation; and to standard-setting activities. Finally, even with finance in place and clear demands, you may still fail if you do not capture a good part of the value chain or if the business model is not well elaborated. On this point, Horizon 2020 foresees support to exploitation services for participants, to exploration of innovative business models, and to mentoring and coaching services for SMEs, in particular.

3 Average R&D Investment, 2004-2009
Investment in R&D is part of the solution to exit from the economic crises Average R&D Investment, GPD growth, 2010

4 Financial Instruments in MMF 2014-2020
Centrally managed by EC Shared management with MS Research Development Innovation Horizon 2020 Equity and Risk Sharing Instruments Instruments under Structural and Cohesion Funds EU level (central management) National/regional (shared management) Off-she-shelf instruments Tailor-made instruments Growth, Jobs and Social Cohesion Competitiveness & SME (COSME) Equity and Guarantees Creative Europe Guarantee Facility Social Change & Innovation Erasmus for All Guarantee Facility Infrastructure There is a multitude of financial instruments offering support for growth. Connecting Europe Facility Risk sharing (e.g. project bonds) and equity instruments)

5 What is Horizon 2020 Initial Commission proposal for a €80 billion research and innovation funding programme ( ); now just over €70 billion, but still a big increase over the last Programme A core part of Europe 2020, Innovation Union & European Research Area: Responding to the economic crisis to invest in future jobs and growth Addressing people’s concerns about their livelihoods, safety and environment Strengthening the EU’s global position in research, innovation and technology

6 Active involvement of stakeholders
EU Presidencies: Sweden (societal challenges-based approach), Spain (integration of research and innovation), Hungary (FP7 interim evaluation), Poland (widening participation), European Council conclusions from (Common Framework to bring together all EU research and innovation funding) European Parliament reports: Merkies (Innovation Union), Audy (FP7 evaluation), Matias (Horizon 2020) and Carvalho (simplification) Overwhelming response to the public consultation on Horizon 2020 (more than 2000 contributions) Survey on administrative costs for participants in FP7 25 workshops on the content of Horizon 2020

7 What's new A single programme bringing together three separate programmes/initiatives* Coupling research to innovation – from research to retail, all forms of innovation Focus on societal challenges facing EU society, e.g. health, clean energy and transport Simplified access, for all companies, universities, institutes in all EU countries and beyond The 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7), innovation aspects of Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP), EU contribution to the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)

8 Industrial leadership
Three priorities Excellent science Industrial leadership Societal challenges

9 Priority 1. Excellent science
Why: World class science is the foundation of tomorrow’s technologies, jobs and wellbeing Europe needs to develop, attract and retain research talent Researchers need access to the best infrastructures

10 Priority 2. Industrial leadership
Why: Strategic investments in key technologies (e.g. advanced manufacturing, micro-electronics) underpin innovation across existing and emerging sectors Europe needs to attract more private investment in research and innovation Europe needs more innovative small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to create growth and jobs

11 'Access to risk finance' with strong SME focus
Proposed funding (€ million, ) Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies (LEITs) (ICT, nanotechnologies, materials, biotechnology, manufacturing, space) €13.6 billion Access to risk finance Leveraging private finance and venture capital for research and innovation €2.8 billion Innovation in SMEs Fostering all forms of innovation in all types of SMEs €0.6 billion + complemented by expected 20% of budget of societal challenges + LEITs and 'Access to risk finance' with strong SME focus

12 Priority 3. Societal challenges
Why: Concerns of citizens and society/EU policy objectives (climate, environment, energy, transport, etc) cannot be achieved without innovation Breakthrough solutions come from multi-disciplinary collaborations, including social sciences & humanities Promising solutions need to be tested, demonstrated and scaled up

13 Horizon 2020 and partnering
Public private partnerships: Through Joint Technology Initiatives or other formal structures (Art. 187) Through contractual agreements, which provide inputs for work programmes Only when criteria met, e.g. clear commitments from private partners Public public partnerships: Through « ERA-Nets » for topping up individual calls/actions (replacing current ERA-Net, ERA-Net Plus, Inco-Net, Inno-net) Through participation in joint programmes between Member States (Art. 185) Supporting agendas of Joint Programming Initiatives when in line with Horizon Only when criteria met, e.g. financial commitments of participating countries European Innovation Partnerships: Not funding instruments, but for coordination with broader policies and programmes

14 Simplification: Rules for Participation
A single set of rules: Adapted for the whole research and innovation cycle Covering all research programmes and funding bodies Aligned to the Financial Regulation, coherent with other new EU Programmes One project – one funding rate Maximum of 100% of the total eligible costs (except for innovation actions, where a 70% maximum will apply for profit making entities) Indirect eligible costs: a flat rate of 25% of direct eligible costs Simple evaluation criteria Excellence – Impact – Implementation (Excellence only, for the ERC) New forms of funding aimed at innovation pre-commercial procurement, inducement prizes, dedicated loan and equity instruments International participation facilitated but better protecting EU interests

15 Simplification: Rules for Participation
Simpler rules for grants broader acceptance of participant's accounting practices for direct costs, flat rate for indirect costs, no time-sheets for personnel working full time on a project, possibility of output-based grants Fewer, better targeted controls and audits Lowest possible level of requirements for submission of audit certificates without undermining sound financial management Audit strategy focused on risk and fraud prevention Improved rules on intellectual property Balance between legal security and flexibility Tailor-made IPR provisions for new forms of funding A new emphasis on open access to research publications Beyond the Rules: further simplified provisions in the Grant Agreement and implementing procedures to facilitate access to Horizon 2020 (e.g. common IT platform).

16 Simplification: summary
Single set of simpler and more coherent participation rules New balance between trust and control Moving from several funding rates for different beneficiaries and activities to just two Replacing the four methods to calculate overhead or «indirect costs» with a single flat rate Major simplification under the forthcoming financial regulation Successful applicants to get working more quickly: time-to-grant of 8 months; exceptions for the ERC and in duly justified cases

17 Strong participation by SMEs
Integrated approach - around 20% of the total budget for societal challenges and LEITs to go to SMEs Simplification of particular benefit to SMEs (e.g. single entry point) A new SME instrument will be used across all societal challenges as well as for the LEITs A dedicated activity for research-intensive SMEs in 'Innovation in SMEs' 'Access to risk finance' will have a strong SME focus (debt and equity facility)

18 Widening participation
Principle of excellence: continue to allocate funding on the basis of competitive calls, selecting only the best projects Clear division of labour between cohesion policy and Horizon 2020 Cohesion policy: support for regions in building up their research and innovation capacity Horizon 2020: widen participation, better coordination between the two Union funding programmes, support policy learning reforms Accompanying measures in Horizon 2020 to ensure that excellence prevails wherever it exists, including: competitive teaming, twinning, ERA chairs, support for access to international networks, development of smart specialisation strategies

19 International cooperation
International cooperation is crucial to address many Horizon 2020 objectives Principle of general openness: the programme will remain to be the most open funding programme in the world Horizon 2020 shall be open to the association of: acceding countries, candidate countries and potential candidates and selected international partner countries that fulfil the relevant criteria (capacity, track record, close economic and geographical links to the Union, etc.) Targeted actions to be implemented taking a strategic approach to international cooperation (dedicated measures in the 'Inclusive, innovative and secure societies' challenge)

20 Next steps Formal political decisions on Horizon 2020
Formal political decision on Multi-annual financial framework ( ) Adoption of work programme and publication of first calls for proposals Horizon 2020 national launch events Autumn December 2013 October to January 2014

21 Horizon 2020 and Romania Education, Youth, Sport

22 Performance of Romania in FP7
694 signed grant agreements, with 858 participations from Romania Romanian applicant success rate of 14,6% is lower than EU-28 average rate of 20,6% High SME participation: 22 % of total Romanian participations (EU : 18 %) Romania ranks 17 in terms of number of applicants and requested EC contribution, 18 in number of participations and 19 in budget share. Most active FP7 priority areas by EU contribution granted to research projects: ICT, Nanosciences  Nanotech, Materials and new Production Technologies, Research Potential, Transport, Research for the benefit of SMEs and Environment

23 Romania performs better and better in Framework Programmes
FP7 contribution to Romania (€ 115 mil) more than doubled as compared to FP6 (€53 mil) The number of Romanian participations has more than doubled in FP7 as compared with FP5. The number of projects with Romanian participations increased by 125%. The EC funding received is more than four times in FP7 as compared with FP5.

24 Horizon 2020 can further help to realise Romania's ambitions!
A clear and smart specialisation strategy building on domains where Romania has a good industrial tradition and ST strengths (i.e. chemical industry, ICT, automotive sector) Increased efforts at national level to strengthen R&I capacity to ensure successful applications for competitive EU funding Closer links between research, innovation and industry by prioritising RD activities in the new national strategy that attract private investment

25 Successful EU Research
An innovative production platform for micro-products (LIGHT-ROLLS) Micro-products responding to demand for flexible products and the need for low cost production. Coordinator: Fundacion PRODINTEC from Gijon, Spain EU funding: € 3.7 M out of € 5.1 M of total costs An SME from Romania - ROELECTRONICA SA from Bucharest was among partners of the consortium (partners from the following countries ES, CH, DE, AT, UK, SE, RO) More at: tinyurl.com/05zdwtv Micro-products have become increasingly important in the medical, biotechnology, consumer and automotive sectors. However, products in these sectors such as innovative display solutions and light emitting panels require the integration of different functionalities and demand new mass manufacturing methods and technologies. An on-going research effort is bringing high-speed and self-assembling methods to production lines for micro-products, with potential applications in a wide range of sectors. Started in July 2009 , Light-Rolls is researching the development of a production platform for the seamless and mass manufacture of these micro-products. With €3.7 in EU-funding under the Seventh Framework Programme, Light-Rolls is integrating highly innovative manufacturing and assembly technologies into a common technology platform. This platform uses “roll-to-roll manufacturing” which is the process of creating electronic devices on a roll of plastic or foil.

26 Successful EU Research
Improved waste recycling will benefit environment and boost European industry (HYDROWEEE Demo) A mobile plant using liquid solvents to extract metals like lithium, cobalt, zinc, copper, gold, silver, nickel, lead and tin in a high purity from electronic waste. Coordinator: Kopacek KEG, from Vienna, Austria EU funding: € 2.7 M out of € 3.7 M of total costs An SME from Romania – Greentronics from Alexandria is among other 9 partners of the consortium (partners from the following countries: AT, IT, HR, RO) More at: tinurl.com/oa8pj3v Waste from electrical and electronic equipment is one of the fastest growing waste streams in the European Union (EU). The increasing prevalence of affordable electronics means landfill sites are filling up with the consequent waste from sources such as light bulbs, spent batteries, printed circuit boards, liquid crystal displays and cathode ray tubes. The quantity of such waste doubles every 12 to 15 years. What’s more, this waste contains rare and precious metals. Emerging green technologies such as solar cells and energy-efficient light bulbs depend heavily on raw materials like gallium, indium and rare-earth elements. Improved electronic waste recycling could thus not only reduce the environmental impact from new mining, but also boost European industry and provide resource security. That is the aim of the EU-funded project HydroWEEE Demo (‘hydro’ for hydrometallurgical, and ‘WEEE’ for waste from electrical and electronic equipment). Started in October 2012, the project brings together research organisations across four European countries with € 2.6 million in EU funding.

27 Successful EU Research
Young innovators tackle composite aircraft structures (ADVITAC) A new method for building a composite aircraft tail cone that will help get more efficient air transport off the ground. Coordinator: Daher Aerospace SAS, Saint Julien de Chedon, France EU funding: € 4 Million out of € 5.8 Million of total costs An SME from Romania – RECOMET IMPEX SRL from Cluj Napoca was among other 8 partners of the consortium (partners from the following countries FR, RO, NL, ES, UK, BE, BR) More at: tinyurl.com/ptjqrtt Although lighter and more durable than conventional materials, the use of composites in the production of aircraft structures has been limited due to high costs. Now, a clever European SME has developed a new method for building a composite aircraft tail cone that will help get more efficient air transport off the ground. Created by three ambitious student engineers and initially incubated through academic research grants, France's Coriolis Composites S.A.S is an innovative SME specialising in the development, marketing and distribution of fibre-placement technologies.

28 Thank you for your attention!
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