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Copernicus services and User Forum

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Presentation on theme: "Copernicus services and User Forum"— Presentation transcript:

1 Copernicus services and User Forum
Finnish GMES User Forum Helsinki Mikko Strahlendorff

2 Overall view & & & USERS Policy Makers Private, Commercial Public
What is their need? Examples of Services Provided Farming Oil Spill Tracking Air Quality Flood Surveillance Arctic change Information Services Land Marine Atmosphere Emergency Security Climate Space Infrastructure In Situ Infrastructure Sustainable observation & OBSERVATION

3 Services as main goal Core services – EU/public supported
Provide standardized common (multi-purpose) information for Europe; using economies of scale Requested by the EU: link with European information needs ‘public good’ data policy: open access and free licensing Downstream services - Commercial/national Tailored for specific applications at local, regional, national levels (public good or private use) EU encourages and supports the implementation of these service layer (R&D)

4 GMES Services Monitoring of Earth systems Land Marine Atmosphere
Horizontal applications Security Emergency Climate Change

5 Observational infrastructures
In-situ observation infrastructure: air-, sea- and ground-based systems and instruments (e.g. airborne, balloons, floats, ship-borne, measuring stations, seismographs, etc) Space infrastructure component for GMES: different missions co- ordinated at European level Dedicated GMES missions: ESA Sentinels Contributing missions: EU National, EUMETSAT and third parties

6 GMES Space component Sentinel 1 – SAR imaging
All weather, day/night applications, interferometry; for vessel detection, oil spills etc. First launch 2013 Sentinel 2 – Multispectral imaging for land applications, e.g. urban, forest, agriculture, etc. Sentinel 3 – Ocean & Land monitoring Wide-swath ocean color, vegetation, sea/land surface temperature, ocean altimetry Sentinel 4 – Geostationary atmospheric Atmospheric composition monitoring, transboundary pollution First launch 2017 on EUMETSAT MTG-S Sentinel 5 – Low-orbit atmospheric Atmospheric composition monitoring Precursor launch 2013, S5 first 2020 on EUM Post-EPS JasonCS – Ocean reference altimetry

7 User Forum and requirements
GMES should be user driven How is this working now? User Forum fills the flaw? User Forum Provides requirements to EC GMES service providers Made user requirements themselves - from now on EC requirements ESA gathers from services Satelite requirements EEA In situ Suomen User Forum UK, Ranska ... EC runs thematic workshops for each domain User Forum has 2-3 domains on 1 meetings agenda

8 Emergency management GIO-EMS in rush mode
21 activations in the period April 1, 2012 – now; 60% of activations, 78% of map products in Europe; In Europe: 7 forest fires, 2 earthquakes, 3 “other” events; Activations by AU in HU, IT (2), BG (2), ES (3), SE, PT, RO, DE, FR; Outside Europe: primarily floods, triggered by European AU and ASCU, and WFP, 3 in coordination with Int. Charter “Space and Major Disasters”; Close to expected trend for first 8 months.

9 EMS Performance parameters
Target for End Users: Reference map 6 hours Delineation and Grading 24 hours after activation request. Average timing achieved for products needing new satellite acquisition: 3 hours for activation start up 34 hours for satellite tasking and acquisition 8 hours for satellite reception and validation 17 hours for delivery of first post-event product Average delivery time after activation request: 2.5 days; Only few cases meet the End User target, typically when satellite imagery is in archive, or planned for monitoring extensions. Major bottleneck is still the satellite latency

10 Land service GMES land monitoring service: Pan-European Component - Providing land cover and land cover change information at Pan European scale (CORINE) - Production of 5 thematic high resolution layers Dissemination + archiving + cataloguing Follow up of FP 7 GEOLAND – Euroland Sub-Delegated tasks to the EEA GMES WP 2011 – 2012 – 2013 / Budget 22 Mi Euro H. Dufourmont, EEA

11 Land service Contract type : Framework contract for HRLs production + MS Grants for validation and CLC 2012 Date : November 2011 6 LOTS divided per geographic regions and thematic layers Contractors : Metria (Se), Geo Ville (Au), VTT (Fi), GAF AG (De), SIRS (Fr), Planetek (It), Planatek (Gr), Indra (Sp), Eurosense (Be), Rapid Eye (De) H. Dufourmont, EEA

12 Land service Implementation of GIO land services Pan EU Component on track except for: Work going on regarding the participation of Candidate & potential Candidate Countries. Minor delay in production of High Resolution Layers, following the necessity of an additional streamlining phase and the problems with availability of input imagery. Mitigation measures: Major mitigation measures had to be taken in the framework of the ESA GMES DWH Coordination and flexibility amongst stakeholders is of key importance to keep the planning H. Dufourmont, EEA

13 Land service GMES land monitoring service: Global Land Component - Providing Biophysical Parameters (13) on near real time, on a ten-daily frequency and with a world coverage - Quality Control and User feedback analysis Dissemination + archiving + cataloguing Follow up of FP 7 GEOLAND – Biopar Cross-Delegated tasks to the EU DG JRC WP 2012 – 2013 / Budget 4 MEuro Contractors: VITO (Be), HYGEOS (Fr), Meteo France (Fr), ZAMG (Au), IPMA (Pt), EOLAB (Sp), INRA (Fr), Tu Wien (Au), UCL (Be), Univ. Leicester (Uk), Univ. Lisbon (Pt) LAI VGT E. Bartholome, DG JRC

14 Atmosphere service Objective
GMES regulation: … air quality, atmospheric chemistry and composition … essential element for climate change monitoring and the future provision of ECVs … … on a regular basis and at regional and global levels… NRT analysis and forecast, reanalysis of past years Air Quality for Europe O3, NO, NO2, CO, SO2, PM10, PM2.5 Global Atmospheric composition Greenhouse gases, reactive gases, aerosol, stratospheric O3 Climate Forcing CO2, CH4, monitoring and reanalysis of fluxes Solar Energy, UV Ozone records, ultraviolet radiation

15 Atmosphere service Current implementation of pilot service
Outside GIO as FP7 research project MACC-II FP7-SPACE-2011: Prototype operational continuity of GMES services in the Atmosphere area 36 participants from 13 different countries 27,7 M€ total cost (19 M€ EC contribution) From November 2011 to July 2014 Coordinator: ECMWF (international organization)

16 Atmosphere service Follow-up … from GMES User Forum consultation Event
outcome ENV/EEA Assess feasibility [ETC/ACM]: to use MACC data for concentration maps (population exposure) ENV/MACC-II Assess feasibility: early delivery of re-analysis based on un-validated data (AQ in-situ) EEA/MACC-II Information on OGC-compatible service interfaces MACC-II/national user Information meeting with AEA for DEFRA (UK) MS input to User Uptake Re-analysis of 2011 pollution events REA/ENTR/projects meeting Air Quality service chain (e.g. MACC-PASODOBLE-obsAIRve) MACC-II/DWD Clarification of UV radiation service scope

17 Atmosphere service Main building blocks Global system Regional system
ECMWF Integrated Forecasting System (IFS), coupled to global chemical transport model (CTM) assimilates weather in situ data and ~50 satellite sources, and composition data from ~10 satellite sources extensive use of in situ composition data for validation Regional system Ensemble of seven nationally developed CTMs, European domain driven by data from Global system assimilates in-situ air-quality data and satellite data

18 Marine environmental service
Objective: To provide information on the state of physical ocean and marine ecosystems for the global ocean and the European regional areas. Monitoring and forecast plus reanalysis of past years on Currents Temperature Salinity Sea ice Sea level Surface winds Biogeochemistry

19 Current implementation of a pilot service
Outside GIO as FP7 research project MyOcean- 2 FP7-SPACE-2011: Prototype Operational Continuity for the GMES Ocean Monitoring and Forecasting Service 59 participants from 28 different countries 41,2 M€ total cost (28 M€ EC contribution) From April 2012 to September 2014 Coordinator: Mercator Océan

20 Marine environmental service
Follow up … from GMES User Forum consultation Event outcome DG MARE consul-tation, June 2012 Green paper on “Marine Knowledge 2020” from seabed mapping to oceanographic forecasting EEA / DG ENV consultation on MSFD needs Use and evolution of GMES marine service for Marine strategy framework Directive needs (Good Environmental State – GES) EuroGOOS / national authorities event, Oct. 2012 Nicosia declaration for the future European Ocean Monitoring Service; enabling economies of scale and avoiding duplication between the European and national levels MyOcean-2 catalogue New release of MyOcean-2 catalogue (version 2.2) published MyOcean-2 Science Days, Nov. 2012 Scientific conference on data, modelling, data assimilation, validation, user requirements and downstream applications

21 Marine environmental service
Main building blocks Thematic Assembly Centres Marine Forecasting Centres Preparing the opera-tional service starting September 2014 Negotiations on governance model for marine service

22 Climate change service
EU Regulation (911/2010) specifies that “access to information for climate change monitoring in support of mitigation and adaptation policies” shall be included in the GMES service component. A Climate Change service must meet the Global Climate Observing System goals: Monitor the climate system Detect and attribute climate change Assess impacts of, and support adaptation to, climate variability & change 22

23 Climate change service
consultation process: expert group ( ), ‘Helsinki GMES climate’ conference (Jul 2011), GMES user forum (Nov 2011). 6th FP7 space call (closed since 21 Nov. 2012) re-analysis (global and EU regional) quality assurance for ECVs climate indicator toolbox Attribution products data access EC funding: 26 M€ 23

24 Climate change building blocks
FP7 work programme 2010 MACC-II (Nov 2011-July 2014) MyOCEAN-II (April 2012 – September 2014) GeoLAND-2 (September 2008 – December 2012) MONARCH-A (March 2010 – February 2013) CARBONES (April 2010 – March 2013) EURO4M (April 2010 – March 2014) ERA-CLIM (January 2011 – December 2013) FP7 work programme 2011 CORE-CLIMAX (30 months) CHARMe (24 months) 24

25 Climate change service
EU knowledge in support of Mitigation & Adaptation Observations Last century re-Analysis Modelling scenario 6th FP7 “space” call (July 10, 2012) Set of indicators and indices for the Climate drivers and climate impacts 25

26 Climate change service
from European commission e.g.,FP7 Space call MS & other customers Selected information for customer DGs from other bodies e.g., ESA, Eumetsat, EEA, WMO.. Harmonization/Coordination & QA platform Climate Indicator Data Store Customization platform Sectorial Information System Outreach platform Evaluation platform Climate-ADAPT platform 26

27 Preparatory Workshop GMES Security – Jun 2012
SECURITY APPLICATIONS Preparatory Workshop GMES Security – Jun 2012 To inform Member States on GMES Security Activities and to seek advise on the way ahead Framing document distributed prior to the meeting Series of presentations in 3 sessions (available in CIRCA): Border Surveillance Support to External Action Maritime Surveillance Detailed discussion in the Working-Groups (BS and SEA) About 55 participants / Debate Conclusions presented to the User Forum Oct 2012

28 Security applications
GMES support to EUROSUR (BS) GMES BS WG: COM (ENTR, HOME, JRC), Frontex, EUSC, EMSA, EDA, ESA, MS Experts Concept for EUROSUR, V1.0 of Concept of Operations for EUROSUR (CONOPS), V2.3 of FP7 call 2012 : LOBOS and SAGRES starting Jan 2013 Main stakeholders: FRONTEX, EMSA, EUSC (with Industry) GMES Support to EU External Actions (SEA) GMES SEA WG: SGC, RELEX, DEVCO, ECHO, ENER, JRC, ESA, EDA, EUSC, MS Experts Since 2011: EEAS 2010: Identification of User Scenarios 2011: Involvement of EEAS (via CMPD) 2012: (late/early 2013) WG recommendations 2013 (Jan): kick-off of 2 FP7 follow-on projects: G-NEXT and G-SEXTANT 2014 (mid): Detailed operational specifications

29 Security applications
Maritime Surveillance Mapping of Maritime Surveillance Activities: FP7: FP7 : DOLHIN, NEREIDS, SIMITISYS, PTMAR ESA: MARISS; EDA: MARSUR; EMSA: Operations and R&D Coordination by Maritime Projects Coordination Board (PCB) What else could be done in the area of Maritime Surveillance? (e.g. anti-piracy/smuggling, fisheries control, monitoring illegal waste dumping) Holistic approach needed to improve cost/benefit ratio Governance issues at stake different geometries across Member States fragmentation of user communities; Europe is still working on an integrated Maritime Strategy Identification of requirements through CISE; EDA to revitalise Identification of requirements for the Defence (UK)

30 FP7 GMES Security Projects timeline

31 Possible implementation/coordination
Services Operators Means Atmosphere ECMWF Delegation agreement Marine EEA Land Climate Security FRONTEX Emergency ECHO/JRC Administrative Arrangement

32 Next steps on Copernicus
Decision on the budget (in/out MFF + amount) If out MFF, intergovern. agreement New Regulation proposed by EC Debates + adoption by EP and Council (co- decision) Delegation Agreements to be concluded (and procurement) Start of the operations

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