1FP7 Environment Programme Marine & Coastal Research Seminar on R&D projects supporting the Marine Strategy Framework Directive Implementation22 February 2012 , BrusselsAna Teresa CaetanoEuropean CommissionDG R&I - Environment DirectorateManagement of Natural Resources Unit
2FP7 Structure and Thematic Areas 2007-2013 EU’s chief instrument for funding researchFirst levelSecond levelThird levelFourth levelFifth levelEnvironment ProgrammeBudget ~€ 2 billionImplementation:On an annual basis through calls for proposalsBalanced combination of funding schemes:Collaborative research projectsERA-Nets (coordination)SICAs (Int. Cooperation)Coordination and support actionsFP7 is the short name for the seventh framework programme for research and technological development.This is the EU’s chief instrument for funding scientific research and technological development and it will run from 2007 to 2013 and it is unique in the worldThe EU budget is approx € 53 billion (EC budget €50.5 billion + Euratom budget € 2.7 billion)FP7 is also designed to respond to Europe’s employment needs and competitiveness.FP7 support research in selected priority areas – the aim being to make, or keep, the EU as a world leader in those sectors – one of them being the Environment programmeEnvironment programme with € 2 billion for the same period and implemented annually through calls for proposals; using a variety of funding schemes.SICA = collaborative projects for specific cooperation actions dedicated to international cooperation
3FP7 Marine & Coastal Research Cooperation sp programme EU contribution ( ):Environment ~200M€Transport ~138 M€KBBE ~98 M€ (*)Energy ~76 M€ICT ~50 M€Space ~47 M€Security ~ 44M€Health ~3 M€ (*)Socio-eco-hum ~1 M€(*) data does not include the KBBE and Health 2010 callsIn FP7 just for the cooperation specific programme the total community funding went up to approximately 685M€ being the main contributors again environment (increase compared to a similar period in FP6), transport (decrease) and KBBE-fisheries (this one likely to increase given that these numbers do not include the results of the 2010 call – not available yet on CORDA)Total = ~685 M€ (*)FP7 marine/maritime all programmes => average 213 M€/y11/04/20173
4FP7 Environment Programme Policy Context Environmental Research to support International commitments such as:UN FCCC and Kyoto Protocol and Montreal ProtocolsUN Convention on Biological DiversityUN Strategy for Disaster ReductionWorld Summit on Sustainable DevelopmentIntergovernmental panel for Climate Change (IPCC)Group on Earth Observations (GEO)ATC/R&I I.3 Management of Natural Resources Unit
5FP7 Environment Programme Policy Context (cont.) Environmental Research to support EU policies such as:European Climate Change Programme II6th Environmental Action Plan and associated Thematic Strategies (air, waste, marine protection, biodiversity, soil, pesticides, urban)Action Plans on Environmental Technologies and Environment and HealthEuropean directives – Water Directive, REACH (chemicals), CAFE (air quality), INSPIRE (env. Data)Marine Strategy Framework Directive – environmental pillar of the Maritime PolicyIntegrated Maritime Policy for the Union (“The Blue Book”)EU Strategy for Marine and Maritime Research – science pillar of the Maritime PolicyEurope 2020 Strategy and related flag ship initiatives e.g., the Innovation Union, A resource-efficient EuropeATC/R&I I.3 Management of Natural Resources Unit
6FP7 Environment Programme Policy Context (cont.) “If we really want to build sustainable policies and practices, we need better knowledge [...] we need marine research and innovation if we want to make our sick European seas healthy again.” Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for Environment"substantial need to develop additional scientific understanding for assessing GES in a coherent and holistic manner to support the ecosystem-based approach to management.» EC Decision on GESATC/R&I I.3 Management of Natural Resources Unit
7Calls 2007- 2011 Marine R&D projects FP7 Environment Programme Marine & Coastal ResearchCalls Marine R&D projectswith some components of research in support to the Marine Strategy DirectiveManagement of marine environments: 18 Funded activitiesEx: ODEMM, MEECE, Knowseas, SESAME, MESMA, Vectors, PERSEUS, Coralfish, HermioneClimate Change, Pollution and Risks: 9 funded activitiesEx: THOR, EPOCA , MedSea, Ice2sea, ATP, CLAMER: Climate change and marine ecosystems => Conference Sept. 2011Ocean observation systems and monitoring methods: 8 funded activitiesEx: Eurosites, Acobar, Hypox, Envirogrids, MedinaMonitoring technologies: 4 funded activitiesEx: Protool, Midtal, WreckProtect and Theseus11/04/2017
8Calls 2012 – R&D in support of the Marine Directive: FP7 Marine & Coastal ResearchCalls 2012 – R&D in support of the Marine Directive:Support the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (2008/56/EC) and other relevant Policies (CFP, IMP)Address research gaps about the definition and monitoring of the “Good Environment Status” (GES) of EU waters to be achieved by 20209 Topics targeting several descriptors (e.g. biological diversity, sea floor integrity, sea food contaminants, litter, noise)Dedicated budget: 42 Million €Status: call closed (evaluations and negotiation on going)FP7 Themes involved: Theme 2 (KBBE), Theme 5 (ENERGY), Theme 6 (Environment) and Theme 7 (Transport)
9Calls 2012 – R&D in support of the Marine Directive (some results): FP7 Marine & Coastal ResearchCalls 2012 – R&D in support of the Marine Directive (some results):BENTHIS: study adverse impact of fisheries on benthic ecosystem which may negatively affect the fisheries yield and integrity of the sea bed – Collaborative project - EC proposed funding ~ 6 Million€ (under negotiation, KBBE)ECsafeSEAFOOD: assess environmental contaminants in seafood – Collaborative project – EC proposed funding ~3 Million€ (under negotiation, KBBE)STAGES: Science and Technology Advancing Governance of Good Environmental Status – Support Action - EC proposed funding ~1 Million€ (under negotiation, Environment)
10FP7 Environment Programme Marine & Coastal Research Calls 2012 – R&D in support of the Marine Directive (some results):STAGES - Science and Technology Advancing Governance of Good Environmental Status (FP7 Environment support action)Aims:Extract the knowledge of EU and national research funded activities in the area of marine environment, synthesise it and make it widely accessible (per descriptor, criteria, indicator, pressures and impacts)Identify the needs for further research to improve the scientific underpinning for the implementation of the Marine Directive,Assess options for the development of a structured science / policy interface platform sustainable on the long term in support to the Implementation of Marine Directive.
11FP7 Environment Programme Marine & Coastal Research SEAS-Era: Towards Integrated European Marine Research Strategy and Programmes (Eranet)develop a coordination structure of MS marine research programmes sustainable at the long term with the major goal of developing and implementing common research strategies related to the EU basinsLink with JPI Healthy Oceans and Seas – Adopted by the Council Dec 2011Bonus-185 : Joint Baltic Sea Research Programme. Adopted in July 2010Promoting Synergies – GovernanceATC/R&I I.3 Management of Natural Resources Unit
12FP7 Environment Programme Marine & Coastal Research Calls 2013 – Marine research topicsJoint Call « The Ocean of Tomorrow »Innovative Sensors For In-Situ Monitoring Of Marine Environment And Related Maritime ActivitiesBiosensors For Real time Monitoring of Contaminants In The Marine EnvironmentInvolving several FP7 Themes other than Theme 6 (Environment)FP7 Environment workprogramme includes other relevant marine research related topics (e.g. seabed mining, climate related oceans processes, coastal threats)Launch of the call => summer 2012 (last FP7 calls)ATC/R&I I.3 Management of Natural Resources Unit
13Horizon 2020 – Objectives and structure Creating Industrial Leadership and Competitive FrameworksLeadership in enabling and industrial technologiesICTNanotechnology, advanced materials, biotechnology and advanced manufacturing & processingSpaceAccess to risk financeInnovation in SMEsExcellence in the Science BaseThe European Research Council (Frontier research)Future and Emerging Technologies (FET)Skills, training and career development (Marie Curie)European research infrastructuresShared objectives and principlesCommon rules, toolkit of funding schemesEurope 2020 prioritiesEuropean Research AreaInternational cooperationCoherent with other EU and MS actionsTackling Societal ChallengesHealth, demographic change and wellbeingFood security, sustainable agriculture and the bio-economySecure, clean and efficient energySmart, green and integrated transportClimate action and resource efficiency, including raw materialsInclusive, innovative and secure societiesEIT and JRC will contribute to addressing these challengesHorizon 2020 will cover direct and indirect research, each structured around three distinct but mutually reinforcing blocks in line with the Europe 2020 priorities:(1) Excellence in the science base. This block will strengthen the EU's world-class excellence in science by developing talent within Europe and attracting leading researchers to Europe. The emphasis will be on: stronger support for frontier research (through the European Research Council); future and emerging technologies; skills, training and career development of researchers (Marie Curie Actions); and networking of, access to, and development of priority research infrastructures (including e-infrastructures).(2) Tackling societal challenges. To respond directly to the challenges identified in the Europe 2020 strategy, this block will support activities covering the entire spectrum from research to market. It will integrate innovation actions (pilots, demonstration, test-beds, support to public procurement and market uptake of innovation), cross-disciplinary approaches, and socio-economic and humanities research. The focus will be on: health, demographics changes and well-being; food security and the bio-based economy; secure, clean and efficient energy; smart, green and integrated transport; supply of raw materials; resource efficiency and climate action; and, inclusive, innovative and secure societies (including cyber-security and making the Internet a safer place). The EIT will, through its Knowledge and Innovation Communities, strongly contribute to addressing the challenges, with a significantly increased budget.(3) Creating industrial leadership and competitive frameworks. To support and promote business research and innovation in enabling technologies; services and emerging sectors with a strong focus on leveraging private sector investment in R&D; and, to address SME-specific problems. Priority actions will cover: increasing strategic investments and leadership in current and future enabling and industrial technologies and services, with dedicated support for ICT; nanotechnology, advanced materials, advanced manufacturing systems; industrial biotechnology; space research and innovation and low carbon and adaptation technologies, with particular regard to ensuring an integrated approach to key enabling technologies; facilitating access to risk finance and venture capital (building on the FP7 Risk Sharing Finance Facility and CIP financial instruments); and, providing EU wide support for innovation in SMEs with high growth potential.Simplified access
14Horizon 2020Climate Action and Resource Efficiency, including Raw Materials ChallengeThe challenge is to achieve a resource efficient and climate change resilient economy that meets the needs of a growing global population within the natural limits of a finite planet. Activities will increase European competitiveness and improve well being, whilst assuring environmental integrity, keeping average global warming below 2 °C and enabling ecosystems and society to adapt to climate change.
15Horizon 2020Climate Action and Resource Efficiency, including Raw Materials ChallengePolicy drivers include:Europe 2020 strategyInnovation Union - research and innovation key drivers of competitiveness, jobs, sustainable growth and social progressA Resource-Efficient Europe and the corresponding Roadmap – promoting the shift towards a resource-efficient and low carbon economy which will help us to fight against climate change and limit the environmental impacts of resource useAdapting to climate change: Towards a European framework for actionThe Raw Materials InitiativeThe EU Sustainable Development StrategyAn Integrated Maritime Policy for the EU (incl. MSFD)The Eco-innovation Action PlanEtc.
16Horizon 2020Climate Action and Resource Efficiency, including Raw Materials ChallengeBroad line of activities (emphasis on marine research):Fighting and adapting to climate change by further improving the scientific knowledge-base of climate drivers, processes, mechanisms and feedbacks associated with the functioning of oceansSustainably managing natural resources and ecosystemsFurther our understanding of the functioning of ecosystems, including research on marine ecosystems, from coastal zones to the deep sea.Provide knowledge and tools for effective decision making and public engagement . Emphasis will be put on critical policy relevant ecosystems and ecosystem services, such as fresh water, seas and oceans.Ensuring the sustainable supply of non-energy and non-agricultural raw materials including access to deep-sea resources (e.g. sea-bed mining).Enabling the transition towards a green economy through eco-innovationDeveloping comprehensive and sustained global environmental observation & information systems
17From FP7 to Towards HORIZON 2020 a Common Strategic Framework for EU Research and Innovation funding Indicative time lineNov 2011: HORIZON 2020 Commission proposal adoptionSummer 2012: FP7 last calls (bridging with Horizon 2020): HORIZON 2020 Parliament and Council discussionEnd 2013: HORIZON 2020 Parliament and Council adoption of legislative acts01/01/2014: HORIZON 2020 starts; launch of first calls