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BM1 Q3 Review 6.48 – Trace the transition from tyranny and oligarchy to early democratic forms of government and back to dictatorship in ancient Greece,

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Presentation on theme: "BM1 Q3 Review 6.48 – Trace the transition from tyranny and oligarchy to early democratic forms of government and back to dictatorship in ancient Greece,"— Presentation transcript:

1 BM1 Q3 Review 6.48 – Trace the transition from tyranny and oligarchy to early democratic forms of government and back to dictatorship in ancient Greece, including the significance of the development of the idea of citizenship. 6.50 - Compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta

2 Sparta was focused on having a perfect _____________, whereas Athenian daily life revolved ________ and ________. military learning knowledge.

3 Sparta’s government was a(n) ______________. Oligarchy

4 Athenians were ____________. Democratic Cleisthenes, known as "the father of Athenian democracy"

5 ________ women were trained in ________ women were trained in Spinning, weaving, and other household duties. Athens

6 _________ women were trained in Running, wrestling, and javelin throwing. Spartan

7 Athenian boys went to ______ School.

8 Spartan boys served in the ______ Military.

9 Sparta’s economy was based on Agriculture

10 What did Sparta use to control its citizens? The military

11 The Spartan name for an enslaved worker. Helot

12 A person who enforced laws and managed tax collection in Sparta. Ephor

13 Under the Greek definition of citizen, who qualified for citizenship? Free, native-born who owned land

14 The Athenian assembly appointed ten generals, who Carried out the assembly’s laws.

15 The type of leader who came to power in Greece around 600 B.C. due to growing political and economic unrest among city- states was a(n) Tyrant.

16 The government of Athens was an example of a _______ _______. Direct democracy.

17 Which Greek tyrant became popular by giving land to landless farmers? Peisistratus

18 The Age of _______ was known as a golden age of prosperity, culture, and achievement. Pericles

19 Democracy A government in which the citizens take part in the political process by voting for the leaders of the government. A government in which the citizens take part in the political process by voting for the leaders of the government.

20 Peloponnesus The peninsula in Southern Greece where Sparta was located.

21 Peloponnesian War A war between Athens and Sparta that threatened to tear all of Greece apart. A war between Athens and Sparta that threatened to tear all of Greece apart.

22 City-state A political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands. A political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands.

23 Tyrant Someone who takes power illegally. Someone who takes power illegally.

24 Oligarchy A government ruled by a few powerful individuals. A government ruled by a few powerful individuals.

25 Mount Olympus A mountain peak in NE Greece, near the Aegean coast. Believed to be the dwelling place of Greek gods. A mountain peak in NE Greece, near the Aegean coast. Believed to be the dwelling place of Greek gods.

26 Philosopher a person who offers views or theories on profound questions in ethics a person who offers views or theories on profound questions in ethics

27 Persian Wars The invasion by Persia began a series of wars between Persia and Greece The invasion by Persia began a series of wars between Persia and Greece

28 Socrates Greek philosopher who practiced doubt and questioning to find the truth. Most of what is known about Socrates is from his conversations with Plato. Greek philosopher who practiced doubt and questioning to find the truth. Most of what is known about Socrates is from his conversations with Plato.

29 Plato A Greek philosopher, student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. His most famous work is The Republic A Greek philosopher, student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. His most famous work is The Republic

30 Aristotle An ancient Greek philosopher known as the Father of Logic; student of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great An ancient Greek philosopher known as the Father of Logic; student of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great

31 Athens A city-state within Greece. Is known for education and philosophy. A city-state within Greece. Is known for education and philosophy.

32 Sparta A city-state within Greece. Is known for having a STRONG army. A city-state within Greece. Is known for having a STRONG army.

33 Cavalry A unit of soldiers who ride horses A unit of soldiers who ride horses

34 Strategy A plan for fighting a battle or war A plan for fighting a battle or war

35 Phalanx A group of warriors who stood close together in a square A group of warriors who stood close together in a square


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