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MPEG-2 Patents Review ISO/IEC 13818 Rob Glidden, December 2011 1.

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Presentation on theme: "MPEG-2 Patents Review ISO/IEC 13818 Rob Glidden, December 2011 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 MPEG-2 Patents Review ISO/IEC 13818 Rob Glidden, December 2011 1

2 Disclaimer Information provided to facilitate consideration of Type-1 / royalty-free MPEG standardization* Not to be used as legal advice Not represented as comprehensive Only public sources considered Corrections, additions & comments welcome 2 * See N12204, Call for Proposals (CfP) for Internet Video Coding Technologies, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11, July 2011, Torino, Italy http://mpeg.chiariglione.org/working_documents/explorations/ivc/ivc-cfp.zip

3 Motivation MPEG-2 patents are a logical reference point for IPR analysis for royalty-free MPEG Internet Video Codec MPEG-2 patent pool scrutinized by US Department of Justice* Pool list updated regularly since 1996 MPEG-2 is widely deployed (digital TV, DVDs, Blu-ray, etc.) MPEG-2 is a core competency of MPEG/WG11 By July 2013, anticipated completion of MPEG IVC standard: 75% of (US) patents will have expired 25% of (US) patents will remain 11% (15 patents) outside interlace & systems categories will remain 3 * See US Department of Justice Business Review Letter, MPEG LA, L.L.C., et al., June 26, 1997, at http://www.justice.gov/atr/public/busreview/215742.htm

4 Related Materials “US Patent Expiration for MP3, MPEG-2, H.264”* “Emergence of Essential Patents in Technical Standards: Implications of the Continuation and Divisional Application Systems and the Written Description”** "With regard to the MPEG-2 standard,... 44% are those based on divisional, continuation, or CIP applications." Nero AG v. MPEG LA “Because at least two patents in the original [1996] pool will not expire until 2014, it is impossible that the [subsequently added] patents were added to extend the duration of the MPEG-2 pool because the “new” patents expire before the original patents.”*** 4 * http://www.osnews.com/story/24954/US_Patent_Expiration_for_MP3_MPEG-2_H_264/http://www.osnews.com/story/24954/US_Patent_Expiration_for_MP3_MPEG-2_H_264/ **M. Omachi, Dec. 2004, at http://www.iir.hit-u.ac.jp/iir-w3/event/WP05-02omachi.pdfhttp://www.iir.hit-u.ac.jp/iir-w3/event/WP05-02omachi.pdf *** Nero AG v. MPEG LA, L.L.C. Case No. 10-cv-3672-MRP-RZ, ORDER RE: DEFENDANT MPEG LA, L.L.C.’S MOTION TO DISMISS THE FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT, 11/24/2010

5 Statistics 5 134 US patents Including original 1996 list of 27* 92 parent applications Most recently added patent: 7,936,817 (added 7/1/11) * Memorandum, Patent List for MPEG-2 Patent Pool, MPEG-2 IPR Working Group, October 4, 1996

6 Priority 6 Earliest:Dec. 15, 1978 Latest: Apr. 22, 1994

7 Expiration 7 50% (67) will expire by Oct. 16, 2012 75% (100) will expire by July 31, 2013

8 Expiration By Source 8 Last-expiring 6,792,001, 24-May-2017 6,160,849, 11-Dec-2017 6,181,712, 30-Jan-2018 7,334,248, 14-Feb-2018 Last-expiring of Original 27 5,457,701, 5-Jan-2014 5,481,553, 27-Feb-2014 5,420,866, 28-Mar-2014

9 Unexpired as of July 31, 2013 9 25% (34) will remain unexpired as of July 31, 2013 11interlace 8systems 2systems & video 13other video

10 MPEG-2 Patents List* * See “MPEG-2 Patent List”, December, 2011 10 PATENTFiledIssuedPriorityExpiredPATENTFiledIssuedPriorityExpiredPATENTFiledIssuedPriorityExpired US 4,970,59021-Dec-198913-Nov-199021-Dec-198820-Dec-2009US 6,188,79420-May-199913-Feb-200122-Oct-199115-Oct-2012US 5,298,99124-Jul-199229-Mar-19943-Aug-199124-Jul-2012 US 4,833,54324-Dec-198623-May-198924-Jan-198623-Dec-2006US 6,307,9734-Dec-200023-Oct-200122-Oct-199115-Oct-2012US 5,343,24816-Jul-199230-Aug-199426-Jul-199115-Jul-2012 US 5,453,79026-Mar-199326-Sep-199527-Mar-199225-Mar-2013US 7,362,8052-Mar-200622-Apr-200828-Feb-199229-Jan-2013US 5,428,39627-Dec-199327-Jun-19953-Aug-199123-Jul-2012 US 5,291,28423-Jul-19911-Mar-199412-Dec-198928-Feb-2011US 7,376,1844-Nov-200220-May-200828-Feb-199231-May-2014US 5,461,42017-Sep-199324-Oct-199518-Sep-199216-Sep-2013 US 4,982,2703-Feb-19891-Jan-19913-Feb-19892-Feb-2009US 7,756,20230-Oct-200713-Jul-201029-Jan-19926-Aug-2013US 5,481,55328-Feb-19942-Jan-19961-Mar-199327-Feb-2014 US 5,068,72415-Jun-199026-Nov-199115-Jun-199014-Jun-2010US 7,936,81730-Oct-20073-May-201129-Jan-199229-Jan-2013US 5,510,84015-May-199523-Apr-199627-Dec-199129-Aug-2013 US 5,091,7829-Apr-199025-Feb-19929-Apr-19908-Apr-2010US 4,958,22627-Sep-198918-Sep-199027-Sep-198926-Sep-2009US 5,539,46626-Sep-199423-Jul-199630-Jul-199122-Jul-2013 US 5,093,72020-Aug-19903-Mar-199220-Aug-199019-Aug-2010US 5,227,87815-Nov-199113-Jul-199315-Nov-199114-Nov-2011US 5,543,84713-Dec-19936-Aug-199614-Dec-199212-Dec-2013 US 4,796,0871-Jun-19873-Jan-198929-May-198631-May-2007US 5,500,67818-Mar-199419-Mar-199618-Mar-199417-Mar-2014US 5,559,55728-Sep-199324-Sep-199628-Sep-199227-Sep-2013 US 5,235,6186-Nov-199010-Aug-19936-Nov-19895-Nov-2010US 5,563,59318-Mar-19948-Oct-199618-Mar-199417-Mar-2014US 5,663,76318-Oct-19932-Sep-199729-Oct-19921-Sep-2014 US 4,706,2607-Nov-198610-Nov-19877-Nov-19866-Nov-2006US Re 35,91012-May-199429-Sep-199829-Jun-198910-May-2010US 5,666,46130-May-19959-Sep-199729-Jun-19929-Sep-2014 US 4,813,0568-Dec-198714-Mar-19898-Dec-19877-Dec-2007US Re 36,0152-Oct-199529-Dec-199827-Mar-199226-Mar-2012US 5,701,16419-Dec-199623-Dec-199724-Mar-199323-Mar-2014 US 5,426,46418-Oct-199420-Jun-199514-Jan-199313-Jan-2013US Re 36,50721-Oct-199718-Jan-200027-Mar-199226-Mar-2012US 5,946,0422-Jul-199731-Aug-199924-Mar-199323-Mar-2014 US 5,486,86413-May-199323-Jan-199613-May-199312-May-2013US Re 39,27627-Apr-200012-Sep-20068-Nov-19911-Nov-2012US 5,982,43715-Oct-19939-Nov-199926-Oct-19928-Nov-2016 US 5,491,51614-Jan-199313-Feb-199614-Jan-199312-Feb-2013US Re 39,27813-Apr-200112-Sep-20068-Nov-19911-Nov-2012US 6,040,86318-Dec-199821-Mar-200024-Mar-199323-Mar-2014 US 5,600,37620-Mar-19954-Feb-199714-Jan-19933-Feb-2014US Re 39,28030-May-200112-Sep-20068-Nov-19911-Nov-2012US 6,160,84930-May-199512-Dec-200029-Jun-199211-Dec-2017 US 5,796,74330-Nov-199318-Aug-199830-Nov-199317-Aug-2015US 5,223,94917-Apr-199229-Jun-199318-Apr-199116-Apr-2012US 7,627,04130-Jun-20051-Dec-200918-Jan-199320-Jun-2016 US 4,394,77426-Jun-198119-Jul-198315-Dec-197815-Dec-1998US 5,412,4304-May-19942-May-199531-Jul-199130-Jul-2012US Re 35,0939-Dec-199421-Nov-19953-Dec-19902-Dec-2010 US 4,698,67227-Oct-19866-Oct-198727-Oct-198626-Oct-2006US 5,784,10723-Jan-199621-Jul-199817-Jun-199120-Apr-2012US 4,800,43224-Oct-198624-Jan-198924-Oct-198623-Oct-2006 US 5,867,5017-Jun-19952-Feb-199917-Dec-19921-Feb-2016US 5,461,42129-Nov-199324-Oct-199530-Nov-199228-Nov-2013US 4,969,05525-Aug-19886-Nov-199010-Oct-19845-Nov-2007 US 4,849,81224-Feb-198818-Jul-198910-Mar-198723-Feb-2008US 5,467,08618-Jun-199314-Nov-199515-Jun-199217-Jun-2013US 5,289,27619-Jun-199222-Feb-199419-Jun-199218-Jun-2012 US 4,901,07511-Sep-198713-Feb-199013-Sep-198610-Sep-2007US 5,654,70618-Dec-19965-Aug-199723-Jul-199214-Jul-2013US 5,365,2722-Jul-199315-Nov-199419-Jun-199218-Jun-2012 US 5,021,87924-Sep-19904-Jun-19916-May-19873-Jun-2008US 6,680,9752-Nov-200020-Jan-200429-Feb-199212-Mar-2014US 5,381,18113-May-199310-Jan-199513-May-199313-May-2013 US 5,027,20613-Sep-198925-Jun-199116-Sep-198812-Sep-2009US 7,609,7605-Jan-200927-Oct-200929-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 5,422,67622-Oct-19936-Jun-199525-Apr-199121-Oct-2013 US 5,128,7582-Jun-19897-Jul-19922-Jun-19896-Jul-2009US 7,616,6875-Jan-200910-Nov-200929-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 5,442,40029-Apr-199315-Aug-199529-Apr-199328-Apr-2013 US 5,179,44226-Nov-199012-Jan-199331-May-198911-Jan-2010US 7,292,6573-Jul-20036-Nov-200729-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 5,459,78922-Apr-199417-Oct-199522-Apr-199421-Apr-2014 US 5,333,1351-Feb-199326-Jul-19941-Feb-199331-Jan-2013US 7,684,49018-Dec-200823-Mar-201029-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 5,483,2873-Aug-19949-Jan-199619-Jun-199215-Nov-2011 US 5,606,53931-Aug-199425-Feb-19975-Jun-199024-Feb-2014US 7,724,82124-Dec-200825-May-201029-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 5,565,92322-Aug-199515-Oct-199613-May-199312-May-2013 US 5,608,69718-Mar-19964-Mar-199715-Jun-19904-Jun-2011US 7,724,82224-Dec-200825-May-201029-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 5,784,11023-May-199621-Jul-199830-Nov-199321-Jul-2015 US 5,699,4769-May-199616-Dec-199722-Feb-199018-Oct-2010US 7,724,82324-Dec-200825-May-201029-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 7,020,2048-Feb-200228-Mar-200630-Dec-198729-Jan-2010 US 5,740,31028-Jun-199414-Apr-19985-Jun-199013-Apr-2015US 7,724,8245-Jan-200925-May-201029-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 7,334,24824-May-200219-Feb-200822-Apr-199414-Feb-2018 US 5,844,8679-Sep-19961-Dec-19985-Jun-19904-Jun-2011US 7,724,82816-Nov-200925-May-201028-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 5,317,39729-May-199231-May-199431-May-199128-May-2012 US 6,181,71211-Oct-199530-Jan-200125-Feb-199430-Jan-2018US 7,724,82916-Nov-200925-May-201028-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 5,424,77924-Nov-199313-Jun-199531-May-199112-Jun-2012 US 6,792,00121-Sep-200014-Sep-200425-Feb-199424-May-2017US 7,742,5225-Jan-200922-Jun-201029-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 5,467,13617-Feb-199414-Nov-199531-May-199113-Jun-2012 US Re 37,05718-May-199820-Feb-200113-Nov-199313-Nov-2014US 7,742,5275-Jan-200922-Jun-201029-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 5,742,3443-Apr-199621-Apr-199831-May-199128-May-2012 US Re 37,56831-Mar-19995-Mar-200230-Nov-199331-Mar-2014US 7,764,7352-Jul-200927-Jul-201029-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US 5,986,71311-Jun-199816-Nov-199931-May-199128-May-2012 US 4,954,8924-Oct-19894-Sep-199014-Feb-19893-Oct-2009US 7,782,95616-Nov-200924-Aug-201028-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US Re 34,96514-Jan-199313-Jun-199520-Jan-198917-Jan-2010 US 5,072,29520-Aug-199010-Dec-199121-Aug-198919-Aug-2010US 7,787,5385-Jan-200931-Aug-201029-Feb-199228-Feb-2013US Re 35,15828-Dec-199220-Feb-199627-Apr-198917-Jan-2010 US 5,268,84610-Apr-19917-Dec-199310-Apr-19919-Apr-2011US 5,418,7826-Jan-199423-May-199530-Oct-199229-Oct-2012US Re 36,8222-Oct-199815-Aug-20008-Nov-19916-Nov-2012 US 5,949,48931-Jul-19987-Sep-199922-Oct-199115-Oct-2012US 5,420,86629-Mar-199430-May-199529-Mar-199428-Mar-2014US 5,103,30718-Jan-19917-Apr-199220-Jan-199017-Jan-2011 US 5,963,25831-Jul-19985-Oct-199922-Oct-199115-Oct-2012US 5,457,7016-Jan-199410-Oct-19956-Jan-19945-Jan-2014US 5,175,61830-Oct-199129-Dec-199231-Oct-199029-Oct-2011 US 5,970,17526-Oct-199819-Oct-199922-Oct-199115-Oct-2012US Re 37,22219-Jul-199412-Jun-200114-Oct-198911-Oct-2010US 4,383,27213-Apr-198110-May-198313-Apr-198113-Apr-2001 US 5,990,9609-Dec-199823-Nov-199922-Oct-199115-Oct-2012US 4,864,39331-May-19885-Sep-19899-Jun-198730-May-2008US 5,136,37711-Dec-19904-Aug-199211-Dec-199010-Dec-2010 US 6,002,43927-May-199914-Dec-199922-Oct-199115-Oct-2012US 5,191,43630-Apr-19912-Mar-19939-May-199029-Apr-2011US 5,113,25511-May-199012-May-199211-May-198910-May-2010 US 6,097,75922-Nov-19991-Aug-200022-Oct-199115-Oct-2012US 5,291,4867-Aug-19921-Mar-199419-Aug-19916-Aug-2012

11 MPEG-2 Patents List Fields Tracked* 11 * See “MPEG-2 Patent List”, December, 2011 PATENT TERMMPEG LA Notes Name Expired Title PTA Filed Expiring after 7/31/13? Issued 2013 & video PRIORITYPriority 2013 & video & siblings Foreign Priority Term Calculation APPLICATION HISTORYMPEG LA Group Term Notes 1st US Appl.LISTINGS1996 1st filed per parent 2011 1st US Appl. Date 2011S Appl. # Video Appl. Filed Systems PsScopeTopic P1 Topic P1 Appl. # Primary US Class P1 filed Current US Class P2 Field of Search P2 Appl. # Current International Class P2 Filed Category P3MPEG LA EssentialityClaims P3 Appl. # MPEG LA Description P3 Filed MPEG LA Standard Section PCT Appl. #Prosecution HistoryProsecution History Notes PCT FiledTopicArea Capability Description

12 Conclusion 12 34 MPEG-2 patents (25% of 134) will remain unexpired as of July 31, 2013 11 interlace 8 systems 2 systems & video 13 other video Last expires Feb 2018 Last of original 27 expires March 2014

13 Thank You! 13

14 Relevant Dates November 23, 1991ISO/IEC DIS 11172 Coding for Moving Pictures and Associated Audio for Digital Storage Media, Rev. Nov. 23, 1991 (referenced in U.S. Patent No. 5,796,743, col. 1 ll. 18-22) November, 1993MPEG-2 Systems Committee Draft (ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11/N0601, November, 1993, (incorporated by reference in U.S. Patent No. 5,457,701, col. 4 ll. 41-42) December 1, 1993"Information technology--Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information--Part 1: Systems" published Dec. 1, 1993, as Draft International Standard ISO/IEC CD 13818-1 (referenced in U.S. Patent No. 6,792,001 B1, col. 1 ll. 18-21) March 29, 1994Latest priority date of US systems patent in original 27 (video + systems) patents (US 5,420,866) June 8, 1995WTO TRIPS transition, US effective date October 6, 1996Baseline MPEG-2 IPR Working Group 27 patents in "Patent List for MPEG-2 Patent Pool" June 26, 1997U.S. Department of Justice Business Review Letter mentioning IP Working Groups patent search, "they account for a total of 27 Essential Patents, which are most, but not all, of the Essential Patents" March 28, 2014Expiry date of last-expiring US systems patent in original 27 (video + systems) patents (US 5,420,866) 14

15 US Patent System Notes 15

16 Glossary Continuation: "a second application for the same invention claimed in a prior nonprovisional application and filed before the original prior application becomes abandoned or patented.... The disclosure presented in the continuation must be the same as that of the original application; i.e., the continuation should not include anything which would constitute new matter if inserted in the original application." MPEP 201.07 Continuation-in-part: "an application filed during the lifetime of an earlier nonprovisional application, repeating some substantial portion or all of the earlier nonprovisional application and adding matter not disclosed in the said earlier nonprovisional application." MPEP 201.08 Divisional: "A later application for an independent or distinct invention, carved out of a pending application and disclosing and claiming only subject matter disclosed in the earlier or parent application.... A divisional application is often filed as a result of a restriction requirement made by the examiner." MPEP 201.06 Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT): provides a mechanism by which an applicant can file a single application that, when certain requirements have been fulfilled, is equivalent to a regular national filing in each designated Contracting State. "[T]he applicant has up to 18 months more than he has in a procedure outside the PCT to reflect on the desirability of seeking protection in foreign countries...." WIPO, Patent Cooperation Treaty Foreign filed application: "Under certain conditions and on fulfilling certain requirements, an application for patent filed in the United States may be entitled to the benefit of the filing date of a prior application filed in a foreign country, to overcome an intervening reference or for similar purposes." MPEP 201.13. "Foreign priority... is not considered in determining the term of a patent." MPEP 2701. 16


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