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An Introduction and overview Professor Jerald Schutte

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Session I – Logistics - 12:15-1:30 pm 1. Class Format and FAQsClass Format and FAQs 2. General and Specific SLOsGeneral and Specific SLOs Session II – Support - 1:45–3:00 pm 3. Technology SupportTechnology Support 4. Social/Interpersonal SupportSocial/Interpersonal Support Session III – Information – 3:45–5:00 pm 5. Fact FindingFact Finding 6. Critical ThinkingCritical Thinking

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1. Enrollment 2. Class History 3. Meeting times 4. Books & References 5. Tests & Grading 6. Communication 7. Office Hours 8. Expectations

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1. Basic Conceptual Thinking: To Read efficiently, Write coherently and do simple Arithmetic correctly. 2. Intermediate Conceptual Thinking: To Organize Information Effectively, Study Material Effortlessly, and Develop Long Term Memory Easily.Organize 3. Advanced Conceptual Thinking: To Identify, Define, Evaluate, Analyze and Summarize Information from the World Around You. In short, to exercise Critical Thinking.

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9 4 7 6 3 8 5 An Experiment in Organizing

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9 4 7 - 6 3 8 5 Now Let’s Try Again, but this time……

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1. Conceptualize: Identify, create and measure social concepts and generate hypotheses to test the resulting variables. 2. Control: Recognize and learn how to perform experimental and non-experimental procedures in conducting social research. 3. Collect: Identify where and how to collect data, write and conduct surveys, structure observational research, execute simulations and perform secondary analyses. 4. Calculate: Learn to summarize, analyze, reason and publish from descriptive and inferential statistical procedures via SPSS. 5. Communicate: Take command of reading and writing articles in research format. Course OutlineFirst Break Now

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1. Web-Based Repositories a. HTML Website / Moodle LMSHTML Website / Moodle LMS b. Virtual Computer Lab (SPSS)Virtual Computer Lab (SPSS) c. Electronic databases (Jstor, etc) d. Lecture Podcasts (mp3) 2. Web-Based Communication a. Virtual Private Network b. Twitter and Group Email c. Elluminate Virtual Class d. Forums / Chats / Polling

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The Website Announcements Weekly Lectures Lab Assignments Reading Guide Sample Quizzes Discussions Resources Moodle LMS Profiles Discussion Groups Podcasts The Website and LMS

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1. Virtual Private Network: software allowing student to connect to CSUN from off campus such that the server thinks you on the campus network. 2. Virtual Computer Lab: Cloud Server allowing access to SPSS from off campus.

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1. Study Partners 2. Group Office Hours 3. Interpersonal Information 4. Moodle Profile References 5. Email, Web and Forums Posts 6. Virtual Polling / Examinations Second Break Now

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1. The Punch Card 2. Grades and Expectations 3. Your FATE 4. Factual Revelations 5. Our First Questionnaire

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The Four Elements of Critical Thinking 1. Think outside the boxThink outside the box 2. Pay attention to the Smallest DetailPay attention to the Smallest Detail 3. Consider all variables in forming conclusionsConsider all variables in forming conclusions 4. Take prior information into account.Take prior information into account.

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#1 - Think outside the Box Example - cover all nine circles with four straight lines without lifting your pencil!

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#2 - Attend to the Smallest Elements Example: The Bridge Crossing Problem A = 1 Minute B = 2 Minute C = 5 Minute D =10 Minute Problem: Cross the bridge two at time with one always coming back until all are across. How do they all cross in 17 minutes Answer: A crosses with B = 2 minutes B comes back = 2 minutes C crosses with D = 10 minutes A comes back = 1 minute A crosses with B = 2 minutes Total crossing time = 17 minutes Conclusion: The more complex the problem, the greater the role of the smallest elements

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Education Yearly Earnings Life Earnings Difference 1High School Dropout$19000$1200000 2College Grad$50000$2400000$1200000 3Doctorate$75000$3600000$1200000 4Professional Degree$100000$4400000$800000 #3 - Consider all Variables Example - Is College Worth The Money?

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College Grad vs. HS Dropouts Lifetime Earnings $2,400,000 - 1,200,000= $1,200,000 Net Gain College Grad vs. Doctorate Lifetime Earnings $3,600,000 - 2,400,000= $1,200,000 Net Gain

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College Grad vs. Professional Degree Lifetime Earnings $4,400,000 – 2,400,000= $2,000,000 Net Gain Conclusion Never take at face value what you read or hear, no matter how “right” it sounds. The degree of “rightness” is simply a measure of how closely it corresponds to our values. Critical thinkers step back from their own values to assess the validity of assertions by examining all of possible variables’ effects.

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What is the probability of choosing the circle? Of course, it is 1/3 or.33 (i.e. one of three objects)

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But suppose you found out that the middle card was the Triangle and, therefore, eliminated it. Now what is the probability of choosing the Circle? You would be tempted to say ½ or.5 since there are two cards left and one is the circle. But the correct answer is 2/3 or.66. Understanding why this is true is the key to recognizing the role of prior knowledge in decision making.

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Think of the decision as having two trials. The probably of getting it wrong on the first trial is 2/3 or.66 (i.e. 1 - the probability of getting it right). The probability of getting it wrong on the second trial is ½ or.5 (again 1 – the probability of getting it right). Therefore, the probability of getting it right by the second trial is 1 – the probability of getting it wrong on both trials. Getting it wrong on the first trial is 2/3. Getting it wrong on the second trial is 1/2. Their product is the probability of getting it wrong on both trials (i.e. 2/3 x ½ = 1/3). Therefore the probability of getting in right by the second trial is 1 – 1/3, which is 2/3, not ½. Think about it. Moral to the story: Success is greater if you continue your efforts, taking into account your failure, than disregarding your failures and trying anew. Go to Quiz

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Polling Website Not Connected Please go to rwpoll.com and type in the number given to you in the box below.

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1. Strongly Agree 2. Agree 3. Disagree 4. Strongly Disagree

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1. Agree 2. Neutral 3. Disagree

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1. Only one 2. Two 3. Three 4. Four 5. Five

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1. Just one 2. Two 3. Three 4. Four 5. Five

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1. Yes 2. No 3. Don’t Know

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1. 1-5 2. 5-10 3. 10-15 4. 15-20

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1. Junior 2. Senior 3. Grad Student

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1. Female 2. Male

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Session I – Logistics - 12:15-1:30 pm 1. Class Format and FAQsClass Format and FAQs 2. General and Specific SLOsGeneral and Specific SLOs Session II – Support - 1:45–3:00 pm 3. Technology SupportTechnology Support 4. Social/Interpersonal SupportSocial/Interpersonal Support Session III – Information – 3:45–5:00 pm 5. Fact FindingFact Finding 6. Critical ThinkingCritical Thinking

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