Presentation on theme: "CTACHMM – GENERAL MEETING – DEC 2014 - DOT REGULATIONS FOR LITHIUM METAL AND LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES - PROPOSED CT BATTERY RECYCLING LAW."— Presentation transcript:
CTACHMM – GENERAL MEETING – DEC 2014 - DOT REGULATIONS FOR LITHIUM METAL AND LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES - PROPOSED CT BATTERY RECYCLING LAW
INCIDENTS Lithium-ion batteries considered source of fire Carry 81,000 Lithium batteries Laptop showing result of Li-Ion fire
A great FAA & CAA training video of Lithium batteries on a passenger aircraft. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0 5hn1nfe3M
AGENDA General Definitions Battery Chemistry Lithium Metal Lithium-Ion DOT Definitions Batteries Batteries With Equipment Batteries In Equipment DOT Shipping Names Packaging Labeling Training Personal Travel Example CT Battery Recycling Laws
DEFINITIONS Battery – a device containing an electric cell or a series of electric cells storing chemical energy that can be converted into electrical power, usually in the form of direct current. Chemistry Primary – used until “dead” and then discarded Alkaline Zinc Air Zinc Carbon Lithium Metal NiOOH Rechargeable – electrochemical reactions are electrically reversible (use & recharge) Ni-Cad NiMH Lead Acid Lithium-Ion Fuel Cell
LITHIUM METAL BATTERIES What are Lithium Metal Batteries? Higher power batteries, than alkaline One time use; throw away batteries, not rechargeable Coin cells, cylindrical (camera) batteries 3V combination
LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES What are Lithium-ion Batteries? Thinner/flatter batteries Rechargeable, multiple use Cylindrical, pack or pouch batteries Pouch batteries MP3 Phones/pads Non-removable battery
SHIPPING MODES Ground – DOT US DOT 49 CFR covers all modes of transport within the US Most carriers accept IATA for air within US Air – IATA International Air Transport Association (pilots & carriers) New regulations for personal travel ICAO – International Civil Aviation Organization (NGO body under the UN that coordinates HazMat shipping by Air) Boat – IMDG International Maritime Dangerous Goods
DEFINITIONS All Modes of Shipping have these 3 Shipping Names for both Lithium Metal & Lithium-Ion Batteries: UN3090 UN3480 Batteries – By themselves, nothing else in the container Batteries with Equipment – Batteries & devices separate in the same container Batteries in Equipment - Batteries IN the device
DOT – 172.101 TABLE UN/Proper ship names consistent with international standards
LITHIUM METAL CELLS & BATTERIES - CHANGES Clarification that lithium cells & batteries are subject to UN tests. (38.3) A requirement that lithium cell & battery manufacturers create a record of satisfactory completion of the UN testing prior to offering the cell or battery for transport. Maintained for as long as the battery design is shipped & 1 year after.
LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES - CHANGES No more Equivalent lithium content conversion. Special Provisions 188 & 189 – deleted 173.185(c)
SMALL & MEDIUM BATTERY EXCEPTIONS/ SPECIAL PROVISIONS
DURACELL SDS – SHOWS LITHIUM CONTENT PER CELL & PER BATTERY
PACKAGING 49CFR 173.185(C) Exceptions for highway, rail & vessel for small cells & batteries (& equipment packed with or containing them) consistent with SP 188 from IMDG Code Exceptions for air for small cells & batteries (& equipment packed with or containing them) consistent with Section II of PI 965-970 Exception for medium cells for highway & rail has no equivalent in the international standards – the US is unique. PHMSA generally adapted changes that are consistent with international standards. New regulations no longer have the “12 batteries or 24 cells no hazard mark or documentation was required” relief.
PACKAGING CON’T – HIGHWAY/RAIL Except small lithium metal cells packed with or contained in equipment in quantities less than 5 Kg Medium lithium-ion & lithium metal Inner packaging must prevent short circuits of batteries/cells Ziplock baggies, taping terminal ends, individually bubble wrap, etc. Except when cells or batteries are packed with or contained in equipment, each package must not exceed 30 kg GROSS weight Except when cells or batteries are packed with or contained in equipment, each package must be capable of withstanding a 1.2 meter drop test in any orientation without damage – doesn’t need to be UN Spec Packaging
PACKAGING CON’T – HIGHWAY/RAIL Except for a packaging containing button cell batteries installed in equipment (including circuit boards), or no more than 4 lithium cells or 2 lithium-ion cells or batteries – outer package must be marked: CONTAINS LITHIUM METAL OR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES/CELLS PACKAGE TO BE HANDLED WITH CARE & FLAMMABLE HAZARD EXITS IF THE PACKAGED IS DAMAPED SPECIAL PROCEDURES MUST BE FOLLOWED IF THE PACKAGED IS DAMAGED PHONE NUMBER
ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS IF PACKAGED IS SHIPPED BY AIR In/with equipment: # that powers the equipment + 2 spares – no more than 5Kg lithium cells/batteries
TRAINING Each person who prepares a package for air transport in accordance with these air exceptions must receive “adequate instruction on these conditions and limitations, commensurate with their responsibilities.” Historically, this phrasing has been interpreted to mean that full haz mat training is not required.
PACKAGING EXCEEDS QUANTITY OR WEIGHT Exceeds quantity or weight – CLASS 9 dangerous goods – fully regulated EXCEPT: No more than 2.5 kg lithium metal cells or 10 kg lithium-ion cells Then not subject to UN performance packaging requirements When Class 9, Lithium battery handling Mark & Cargo Aircraft Only Label OR “PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES – FORBBINE FOR TRANSPORT ABOARD PASSENDGER AIRCRAFT” Dangerous Goods Declaration filled out Because these are Class 9 regulated shipments, employees must be trained in accordance with the U.S. HMR.
LITHIUM CELLS/BATTERIES SHIPPED FOR RECYCLING 173.185( D ) Relief applies to all cells & batteries and equipment containing them when they are transjported by highway. Exceptions from UN testing, recordkeeping and UN performance packaging requirements. Small & Medium cells/batteries that meet the size, packaging & hazard communication conditions are authorized as excepted shipments when transported by highway. PRBA – seeking clarification if an “inner packaging” is required.
DAMAGED, DEFECTIVE, OR RECALLED BATTERIES This provision authorizes the transport by highway, rail, or vessel “lithium cells or batteries that have been damaged or identified by the manufacturer as being defective for safety reasons, that have the potential of producing a dangerous evolution of heat, fire, or short circuit ( e.g. those being returned to the manufacturer for safety reasons)” provided they are packaged in or accordance with the provisions listed below. 1. Each cell or battery must be placed in individual, non-metallic inner packaging that completely encloses the cell or battery; 2. The inner packaging must be surrounded by cushioning material that is noncombustible, non-conductive, and absorbent; and 3. Each inner packaging must be individually placed in one of the following Packing Group I packages: (i) Metal (4A, 4B, 4N), wooden (4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F), or solid plastic (4H2) box; (ii) Metal (1A2, 1B2, 1N2), plywood (1D), or plastic (1H2) drum; and 4. The outer package must be marked “Damaged/defective lithium ion battery” and/or “Damaged/defective lithium metal battery,” as appropriate.
DISPOSAL OPTIONS: CALL2RECYCLE – - Rechargeable batteries only - Paid for by battery manufactures - www.call2recycle.orgwww.call2recycle.org - Home Depot, Radio Shack, Staples, etc. THE BIG GREEN BOX – - All chemistries - Paid when boxes are purchased - www.bigreenbox.comwww.bigreenbox.com - 877-461-2345
PASSENGER PACKING FOR A PERSONAL TRIP Lithium & Lithium-ion batteries (spares) & small equipment (cameras) Are to be brought onto the passenger aircraft as CARRY-ON and not packed in CARGO.
EXERCISE – NEED TO SHIP BACK TO HP 5 LAPTOP COMPUTERS RECEIVED WRONG MODEL – NOT DEFECTIVE Lithium Ion Battery 14.4 Volts 2450 mAh Computer – 5 lbs each
LABEL/ MARK THE PACKAGE: To: HP Returns From: Duracell Shipping Name:UN3481, Lithium-ion batteries contained in equipment, 9, PGII Doesn’t need to be spec packaging Can it go by air? YES
CT CONSUMER BATTERY STEWARDSHIP ACT HIGHLIGHTS 1 st State in the nation to adopt a comprehensive battery recycling bill Both singe-use and rechargeable batteries Alkaline, zinc carbon, lithium, silver oxide, zinc air, rechargeable NOT car batteries Retailers – drop off box or curbside recycling bin – being worked out Companies selling batteries must come up with a plan Behind the law: Duracell, Energizer, Panasonic & Rechargeable Battery Association
CT CONSUMER BATTERY STEWARDSHIP ACT HIGHLIGHTS Primary or small rechargable battery Manufacturers – labeled clearly identify the type & chemistry of the battery Stewardship Plan 10% collection rate 2 years of program is implemented 20% collection rate 5 years after program is implemented Free of charge to consumers Both retail & bulk collection sites Retail – no more than 100 batteries per visit Cost by manufacturers based on pounds Annual report – collection/sales/financial statement financing of the plan, collection points, educational materials, manner of sorting/recycling