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How can hydrogen contribute to a zero waste society? 5 th WIEF-UITM Global discourse on zero waste Kuala Lumpur, April 30, 2014 Pieternel Claassen.

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Presentation on theme: "How can hydrogen contribute to a zero waste society? 5 th WIEF-UITM Global discourse on zero waste Kuala Lumpur, April 30, 2014 Pieternel Claassen."— Presentation transcript:

1 How can hydrogen contribute to a zero waste society? 5 th WIEF-UITM Global discourse on zero waste Kuala Lumpur, April 30, 2014 Pieternel Claassen

2 Zero waste, cradle to cradle, aaaaaacircular economy CO 2 + H 2 O C n H m O p + O 2 Heat

3 What is C n H m O p ?  C n H m O p = biomass for food, chemicals, materials, aaaaaaaaaenergy  Biomass = carbohydrates, proteins and lipids  Residues are in ● Production of crops ● Processing industry ● Residues after main application

4 Options for residues with air present  Thermochemical process ● Combustion: heat and ash  Biochemical process ● Composting: heat, fertiliser, humic acids

5 Options for residues, no air present  Thermochemical processes ● Pyrolysis: oil, gases and tar ● Gasification: CO, CH 4, H 2, alkenes and tar ● Hydrothermolysis: biocrude and tar  Biochemical process ● Fermentation: organic acids, alcohols, CH 4, H 2

6 Zero waste, cradle to cradle, aaaaaacircular economy CO 2 + H 2 O C n H m O p + O 2 Heat Products

7 Why hydrogen?  Most widely-used chemical e.g. for fertiliser, food and electronics  Fuel for fuel cells: H 2 and O 2 to electricity, heat and water

8 Fuel cell properties  Benefits of fuel cells: ● Superior efficiency (70%) as compared to combustion (35%) ● Low maintenance, no noise, robust ● Zero emission: no emission of NO x, SO x, CO or CO 2 particulates, organic volatiles ● Reliable and can be used as stand alone ● Scalable to fit any power need  Challenges: ● Cost ● Durability

9 Examples of FC applications Toyota PEM fuel cell vehicle Sources: The Fuel Cell Industry Review 2013 and Fuel Cells 200 FC-CHP units in JA and GE outselling micro CHP’s Hyster hydrogen forklift truck Adobe’s gas to power FC’s to supply 9.5 GWh per year Upp rechargeable fuel cell charger

10 Fuel cell applications and supply PortableStationaryTransport Power range 5 W - 20 kWkW to MW1kW kW ExamplesTorches, cameras, battery chargers, mp3 players, communication/ navigation, auxiliary power units Combined Heat and Power units (micro/large), uninterruptible power supplies (telecom, off- grid back up) Cars, trucks and buses, materials handling trucks SupplyTrailer/pressure vessels Pipeline for H 2 or on-site production (SMR or electrolysis) Pipeline, on-site, cryogenic tank trailer Sources: The Fuel Cell Industry Review and Mulder et al. IHJE 32, 2007

11 208 Filling stations world wide (March 2013) 76 fuelling stations 80 fuelling stations 49 fuelling stations

12 Domestic FC CHP units in ENE-Farm In 2012 subsidy at < 25% retail cost Cost decrease due to: Fewer components Economy of scale Less platinum Extended durability to h Number of FC CHP units sold in Japan and subsidy per unit. 2 million Yen = MYR Source: Feb 2013www.fuelcelltoday.com

13 Fuel cell distribution world-wide Asia is dominant in adopting FC technology Source: The Fuel Cell Industry Review 2013

14 Distribution of fuel cell power Source: The Fuel Cell Industry Review Korea is the leading country in adoption of large stationary fuel cell systems

15 UKM-YSD Chair on Sustainable Development: Zero Waste Technology Inspiring Futures, Nurturing Possibilities RM15 Million Endowment by Sime Darby Foundation since February 2011 Forging Mutually Beneficial Partnerships between UKM- Sime Darby

16 No pollutants to the air No pollutants to the ground No pollutants to the water -But yet;  Increase of revenue  long term productivity and sustainability of the oil palm industry ensured To turn palm oil mills into green factories-targeting for carbon neutral

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18 THRUST AREAS 1H 2 for Power and Steam Generation 2In-line composting for organic fertilizer 3H 2 production from POME and biomass 4Pretreatment of biomass for H 2 production 5Algae production to sink CO 2 6Water recycle and reuse UKM-YSD Chair on Sustainable Development Key Messages from Tun Chairman Integrate projects within Sime Darby with UKM-YSD Key Messages from EVP Plantation & Agribusiness Short term: Focus on Quick Gain Projects Long term: DO NOT reinvent the wheel Key Messages from Tun Chairman Integrate projects within Sime Darby with UKM-YSD Key Messages from EVP Plantation & Agribusiness Short term: Focus on Quick Gain Projects Long term: DO NOT reinvent the wheel

19 Examples of world wide biohydrogen pilots  Harbin Institute of Technology, China; wastewater and melasses  Feng Chia University, Taiwan; wastewater  Nagarjuna Fertilizers & Chemicals, India; Sorghum bagasse  Wageningen UR FBR, The Netherlands; straw, potato steampeels, vegetable residues, verge grass  Glamorgan University, UK; co-product flour milling  Petrobras Campinas, Brasil: brewery waste

20 Biohydrogen at Feng-Chia University in Taichung 500 L reactor for biohydrogen production H 2 storage Source:

21 HyTIME, an FCH JU project In HyTIME: 9 partners 6 countries 2 universities, 2 research organisations, 5 industries Start at Jan 1, 2012 End at Dec 31, 2014 Total budget MYR 11.7 FCH-JU grant MYR 5.3

22 Increase of productivity by cell retention SEM of Caldicellulosiruptor owensensis on zeolite Packed bed reactor with C. saccharolyticus and C. owensensis on HDPE carriers

23 Thank you


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