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DIGITAL MULTIMEDIA. Text Files File Formats and Respective Software TXT – Text Document - Notepad, TextEdit DOC – Document - Microsoft Word DOCX – Document.

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Presentation on theme: "DIGITAL MULTIMEDIA. Text Files File Formats and Respective Software TXT – Text Document - Notepad, TextEdit DOC – Document - Microsoft Word DOCX – Document."— Presentation transcript:

1 DIGITAL MULTIMEDIA

2 Text Files File Formats and Respective Software TXT – Text Document - Notepad, TextEdit DOC – Document - Microsoft Word DOCX – Document XML – Microsoft Word 2007, 2010 PDF – Portable Document Format - Adobe Acrobat RTF – Rich Text Format – WordPad, TextEdit ODF – Open Document Format – OpenOffice, LibreOffice

3 Bits and Bytes Digital  everything is ONES (1) and ZEROS (0) Only 2 different numbers  Binary Base 2 number system binary digit  bit (b) How many bits are there? bits = 1 Byte (B)

4 Big Bytes Kilobyte (KB) = 10 3 = 1000 bytes Megabyte (MB) = 10 6 = bytes Gigabyte (GB) = 10 9 bytes Terabyte (TB) = bytes Petabyte (PB) = bytes Exabyte (EB) = bytes Zettabyte (ZB) = bytes Yottabyte (YB) = bytes Kibibyte (KiB) = 2 10 = 1024 bytes Mebibyte (MiB) = 2 20 = bytes Gibibyte (GiB) = 2 30 bytes … Why? Read more.

5 Data Compression Compress / shrink size of files How file compression work? Read more…Read more… Compression can sometimes affect the quality But is it something that you will notice? Examples: mp3 vs. wav (3 MB vs. 30 MB) jpg vs. bmp (100 KB vs. 1 MB) Why would we ever want to compress data? Give specific scenarios.

6 Lossy vs. Loss-less compression Lossy compression original quality CANNOT be reconstructed when decompressed (mp3, jpg) JPEG Example How do mp3s work? Read more…Read more… Loss-less compression original quality CAN be reconstructed when decompressed (zip)

7 Graphics & Images File Formats? GIF JPEG, JPG - compressed BMP PSD PNG TIFF Image Software? Adobe Photoshop Microsoft Paint GIMP Paint.Net

8 Graphics Terms pixel ~ picture element resolution ~ number of total pixels (could be dimensions too) DPI ~ dots per inch (pixel density) pixel depth ~ color depth ~ bit depth Number of bits used in a single pixel More bits  more colors What is the tradeoff for a high quality pixel depth?

9 Why do pixels matter? Digital Cameras Is getting a higher mega-pixel camera worth it? High Definition images Quality vs. Quantity Mr. Bui’s Picture Example 1. What is its resolution? 2. How many bytes is it? 3. Resizing 4. Changing quality

10 Audio File Formats? mid mp3 m4a wav ogg flac wma Audio Software? Audacity GarageBand FLStudio

11 Video File Formats? avi wmv – Windows Media Video? mp4 divx mpeg Video Software? Adobe Premiere Windows Movie Maker Apple iMovie Apple Final Cut Pro Sony Vegas

12 Lab Assignment Create the following: 1. GIF, JPG, and BMP images of yourself 2. MP3, M4A, and WAV sounds of your voice 3. Create a video of yourself presenting the differences between your GIF, JPG, and BMP images. Also present the differences between MP3, M4A, and WAV. This will be the most time-consuming portion of the assignment because you will need to create a movie using iMovie that has transitions and sound. 4. Be sure your video has title screen(s) and still shots of the pictures. 5. If possible, try to illustrate the loss of quality by recording something as MP3. (this may be difficult, but try it out)


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