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1 MP3s & The Music Industry By Lamar Horne MIS 1 pm.

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Presentation on theme: "1 MP3s & The Music Industry By Lamar Horne MIS 1 pm."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 MP3s & The Music Industry By Lamar Horne MIS 1 pm

2 2 Table of Contents  What are MP3s? – Slide 3  History – Slides 4-5  How do MP3s work? – Slide 6- 7  Why are MP3s so popular?– Slide 8  Napster – Slide 9-10  Advantages of MP3s – Slide 11  Where can I find MP3s? – Slide 12  Effect on the Music Industry – Slide 13  How did these problems arouse? – Slide 14  What’s happening now? Slides –  Where are we headed? – Slides 18  MP3 players – Slide 19  End Notes – Slide 20  Bibliography – Slide 21  Songs in the Presentation – Slide 22

3 3 What are MP3s? ?(Source 1) ?  Stands for “MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3” it is the most compressed audio file format  An mp3 file is one-twelfth the size of the original audio file format  But the sound quality is nearly CD-quality  Because of their small size MP3s have been a popular way to store music and transfer music over the internet

4 4 History ?(Source 2) ?(  Began in the Mid-1980s at the Fraunhofer Institute where a low bit-rate audio format was developed  In 1989, Fraunhofer was granted a patent for the MP3 compression format and in the early 1990s he developed the first MP3 players

5 5 History Con’t  In 1997, a developer at Advanced Multi Media developed the AMP MP3 Playback engine  It is regarded as the first mainstream MP3 player to hit the internet

6 6 How do MP3s Work? ? (Source 3) ?  MP3 compression is based on a psycho- acoustic model which recognizes that the human ear cannot hear all the audio frequencies of a recording  MP3 music files occupy approximately one-tenth to one-twelfth less space than equivalent CD format WAV/AIFF, which is achieved by filtering out all noise that is not detectable to hear

7 7 How do Mp3s work Continued  Once the sound is compressed into an MP3 file, an attempt is made to eliminate the sounds that can not be heard by the human ear  When encoding a file into MP3 format a variety of compression levels can be set, the more the compression levels decreases the lesser the sound quality

8 8 Why are MP3s so popular?  “The original patent holders made it freely available to develop a decoder or player..”? (Source 4) ?  The early innovators developed players and other software that spread rapidly  There are no security features associated with the files and they are small enough to be downloaded easily

9 9 Napster ?(Source 5) ?  Hit the internet in 1999 and it allowed anyone with an internet connection to download and share files  The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) filed a suit against Napster charging them with tributary copyright violations

10 10 Napster Continued  Napster is being accused not violating copyrights, but of contributing to and facilitating other people’s infringement  “Napster argues that because the actual files are never in Napster’s possession, but transferred from user to user, that Napster is not acting illegally” ?(source 4) ?  If Napster is guilty of infringement, then aren’t the customers guilty?

11 11 Advantages of MP3s  MP3s makes it easy for people to play DJ and mix and match their favorite songs, bands, or styles of music  When your MP3s are stored on a PC you can create playlists and burn CDs in minutes  The process would take much longer gathering all of your CDs and selecting songs to burn a CD

12 12 Where Can I find MP3s?  After the collapse of Napster several other P2P file sharing networks have impacted the internet such as Limewire and Bearshare  Last week Limewire had 42,500,529 downloads ?(Source 6) ?  Bearshare had 24,937,070 downloads last week ? (Source 7) ?

13 13 Effect on the music industry ?(Source 8) ?  Critics argue that free music will kill the music industry  It is a battle for control of music distribution  “Artists can now bypass record labels and distribute their music very easily and effectively”  Some believe MP3s help promote musicians by getting the music a wider audience

14 14 How did these problems arouse?  People realized that is was possible to place a CD in a PC and copy a CD without loosing quality  Then people realized that they could exchange data files via the internet for no costs  Once the MP3s hit the market they were immediately accepted because of their size

15 15 What’s happening now? (Interview)  “MP3s are changing the way CDs are sold”  For example, Apple computer allows its customers to visit an on-line store download albums for the price of the CD  This is eliminating the distributors  “As a result the music industry may have to restructure”

16 16 Continued  The explosion of the MP3s have helped and hurt certain artists  For Example, the rapper 50 cent accredited some his success to the downloading frenzy  50 cent also sold more than 10 million copies of his first album Get Rich or Die Trying

17 17 Continued  To compensate for MP3s availability on- line record labels have tried to package CDs with other incentives  DVDs, bonus songs, prizes, etc.

18 18 Where are we headed?  The music industry will have to restructure to become profitable like they once were  “With millions upon millions of MP3 audio files out there, and hundreds and maybe even thousands of MP3 related software that has been developed by software developers worldwide, there is no doubt that MP3s are here to stay.” ? (Source 2) ?

19 19 MP3 Players

20 20 End Notes  Source 1-- Slides 1  Source 2 -- Slides 4,5,18  Source 3 -- Slides 6,7  Source 4 -- Slides 8  Source 5 -- Slides 9,10  Source 6 -- Slides 12  Source 7 – Slides 12  Source 8 – Slides 13,14  Interview (Tami Summerville) ( )

21 21 Bibliography     ultimedia ultimedia ultimedia  2001&search.x=25&search.y= &search.x=25&search.y= &search.x=25&search.y=6   

22 22 Songs in this Presentation  1) Ludacris – Number One Spot  2) Kanye West – Hey Mama  3) Kanye West – Through the Wire  4) Michael Jackson – (PYT) Pretty Young Thing  5) Michael Jackson – Rock with you  6) John Legend – I used to Love you  7) Mase – Feel so Good  8) Destiny’s Child – My Breath  9) Ciara – 1,2 Step  10) Ashanti – Only You  11) Michael Jackson – Billy Jean  12) Alicia Keys – Karma  13) Snoop Dog – Beautiful  14) Amerie – One Thing  15) Tupac – Keep Ya Head up  16) Kanye West – Family Business  17) Jay-z – A Dream  18) Jadakiss -- Why


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