Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Packets, Packet Switching and The OSI Model PACKET Packets  Transmissions are broken up into smaller units or data transmissions called packets PACKET.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Packets, Packet Switching and The OSI Model PACKET Packets  Transmissions are broken up into smaller units or data transmissions called packets PACKET."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Packets, Packet Switching and The OSI Model

3 PACKET Packets  Transmissions are broken up into smaller units or data transmissions called packets PACKET Example A file (might be an mp3 sound file) is divided into packets. It does not matter what the transmission is. It could be Word document, a PowerPoint or an MP3

4 Packets and OSI  After transmission is divided into packets extra information required to make sure it all goes back together correctly. The OSI model helps to look after this.  The OSI model also provides much more information which is included with each package.

5 More Information on OSI OSI 7 Layer Model OSI “Open System Interconnection” OSI is not a protocol but a list of protocols divided between 7 layers with each layer having a different set of functions. Each packet is layered/packaged with protocols from each of the layers as it is processed. The process of layering the protocols around each package is called encapsulation. The final encapsulated data packet is called a frame. Originally Created by Bob Baker Modified 2006 Graham Betts

6 Open Systems Interconnection  OSI Reference model –Layer 7 application –Layer 6 presentation –Layer 5 session –Layer 4 transport –Layer 3 network –Layer 2 data link –Layer 1 physical Transmission Medium File SenderReceiver Each file is divided into packets Each Packet will then be Encapsulated with PROTOCOLS The protocols Will be added systematically Layer By layer File The received frame is then unpacked in the opposite order The encapsulated Packet is called a frame Originally Created by Bob Baker Modified 2006 Graham Betts

7 Services Performed at Each Layer –Layer 7 application –Layer 6 presentation –Layer 5 session –Layer 4 transport –Layer 3 network –Layer 2 data link –Layer 1 physical –Identification, authentication –Format conversion –Set-up coordinate conversation –Ensures error-free transfer –Routing of data through network –Error control and synchronisation –Placing signals on the carrier Originally Created by Bob Baker Modified 2006 Graham Betts

8 Examples of protocols –Layer 7 application –Layer 6 presentation –Layer 5 session –Layer 4 transport –Layer 3 network –Layer 2 data link –Layer 1 physical – , Web browser, Directory –POP, SMTP, FTP, HTTP, DNS –Sockets –TCP –IP –PPP, Ethernet, Token ring –100baseT More on Protocols Originally Created by Bob Baker Modified 2006 Graham Betts

9 Encapsulation Application Presentation Session Transport Network Data Link Physical data Device 1Device 2 data H6T6 data H5T5 data H4T4 (packet) H3 data T3 H2 data T2H1 data T1 carrier FRAME Application Presentation Session Transport Network Data Link Physical A typical frame Destination Address Source Address DataPaddingCRCPreamble FRAME packet Originally Created by Bob Baker Modified 2006 Graham Betts


Download ppt "Packets, Packet Switching and The OSI Model PACKET Packets  Transmissions are broken up into smaller units or data transmissions called packets PACKET."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google