Coordinates: Country Iran Province Khuzestan County Ahvaz Bakhsh Central Government Mayor Saeed Mombeini Elevation 17 m (52 ft) Population (2008) Total 1,425,891 Ahvāz) is a city in and the capital of Khuzestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 1,425,891, in 212,097 familiesCountryIranProvince KhuzestanCountyAhvazBakhshCentralKhuzestan Province Iran
Ahvaz is built on the banks of the Karun River and is situated in the middle of Khūzestān Province. The city has an average elevation of 20 meters above sea level.Karun
Ahvaz has a desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with long, extremely hot summers and mild, short winters. Ahvaz is consistently one of the hottest cities on the planet during the summer, with summer temperatures regularly at least 45 degrees celsius, sometimes exceeding 50 degrees Celsius with many sandstorms and duststorms common during the summer period while in winters the minimum temperature could fall around +5 degrees Celsius. Winters in Ahvaz have no snow. The average annual rainfall is around 230 mm.desert climateKöppen climate classification
Ahvaz is the anagram of "Avaz" and "Avaja" which appear in Darius's epigraph. This word appears in Naqsh-Rostam inscription as "Khaja" or "Khooja" too. citation needed First named Ōhrmazd-Ardašēr (Persian: هرمزداردشیر ) (Roamn Hormizdartazir  ) it was built near the beginning of the Sassanid dynasty on what historians believe to have been the site of the old city of Taryana, a notable city under the Persian Achaemenid dynasty. It was founded either by Ardashir I in 230 (cf. Encyclopædia Iranica, al-Muqaddasi, et al.) Sassanid dynastyTaryanaAchaemenidArdashir Ial-Muqaddasi
During the Umayyad and Abbasid eras, Ahvaz flourished as a center for the cultivation of sugarcane and as the home of many well-known scholars. It is discussed by such respected medieval historians and geographers as ibn Hawqal, Tabari, Istakhri, al-Muqaddasi, Ya'qubi, Masudi, and Mostowfi Qazvini. Nearby stood the Academy of Gundishapur, where the modern- day teaching hospital is said to have been first established.UmayyadAbbasidsugarcaneibn HawqalTabari Istakhrial-MuqaddasiYa'qubiMasudiMostowfi QazviniAcademy of Gundishapur Ahvaz was devastated in the bloody Mongol invasions of the 13th and 14th centuries. Ahvaz subsequently declined into a mere village. The dam and irrigation channels, no longer maintained, eroded and finally collapsed early in the 19th century. During this time Ahvaz was primarily inhabited by original Khuzhis (Persians) and a small number of Sabians while majority of Migrant Arabs had fled the city some stay. Some minor cultivation continued, while all evidence of sugarcane plantations is still going on in Haft Teppe area in north of Ahvaz, although ruins of sugarcane mills from the medieval era remained in existence.  in Shoush and Shoushtar several remains of water mills are still remains..MongolSabians 
In the 19th century, "Ahvaz was no more than a small borough inhabited mainly by Sha'ab Arabs and a few Sabeans (1,500 to 2,000 inhabitants according to Ainsworth in 1835; 700 according to Curzon in 1890)."  boroughArabsSabeans  In the 1880s, under Qajar rule, the Karun River was dredged and re-opened to commerce. A newly-built railway crossed the Karun at Ahvaz. The city again became a commercial crossroads, linking river and rail traffic. The construction of the Suez Canal further stimulated trade. A port city was built near the old village of Ahvaz, and named Bandar-e-Naseri in honor of Nassereddin Shah Qajar.QajarSuez CanalNassereddin Shah Qajar
Ahvaz is accessible via freeways to Isfahan and Shiraz, and roadways to Tehran.Isfahan ShirazTehran A metro urban railway system is being built by the Ahvaz urban railway. It will be a 23 km underground line with 24 stations. The airport is served by Iran Asseman Airlines (Dubai, Kuwait, Tehran, flying on Boeing 727- 200s or Fokker F100s), Caspian Airlines (Dubai, by MD-80), Iran Air (Isfahan, Kuwait, Tehran, by Boeing 727-200 or Fokker 100), Iran Air Tours (Isfahan, Mashad, Shiraz, Tehran, by MD-80), Kish Air (Tehran, by MD-80), and Saha Air (Tehran, by Boeing 707-300).Iran Asseman AirlinesCaspian AirlinesIran AirIran Air Tours Kish AirSaha Air
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